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Ovo je prijevod izvorne stranice na engleskom.

GNU is the only operating system developed specifically to give its users freedom. What is GNU, and what freedom is at stake?

Što je GNU?

GNU is an operating system that is free software—that is, it respects users' freedom. The development of GNU made it possible to use a computer without software that would trample your freedom.

We recommend installable versions of GNU (more precisely, GNU/Linux distributions) which are entirely free software. More about GNU below.

Snimka ekrana GNU-a

What is the Free Software Movement?

The free software movement campaigns to win for the users of computing the freedom that comes from free software. Free software puts its users in control of their own computing. Non-free software puts its users under the power of the software's developer. See the video explanation.

Što je slobodan softver?

Free software means the users have the freedom to run, copy, distribute, study, change and improve the software.

Free software is a matter of liberty, not price. To understand the concept, you should think of “free” as in “free speech”, not as in “free beer”.

More precisely, free software means users of a program have the four essential freedoms:

  • The freedom to run the program as you wish, for any purpose (freedom 0).
  • Sloboda proučavanja načina rada programa i prilagođavanja programa vlastitim potrebama (sloboda 1). Preduvjet za ovo je pristup izvornom kodu.
  • Sloboda daljnje distribucije kopija kako biste pomogli svojem susjedu (sloboda 2).
  • Sloboda poboljšavanja programa i objavljivanja tih poboljšanja javnosti, na dobrobit cijele zajednice (sloboda 3). Preduvjet za ovo je pristup izvornom kodu.

Developments in technology and network use have made these freedoms even more important now than they were in 1983.

Nowadays the free software movement goes far beyond developing the GNU system. See the Free Software Foundation's web site for more about what we do, and a list of ways you can help.

More about GNU

GNU is a Unix-like operating system. That means it is a collection of many programs: applications, libraries, developer tools, even games. The development of GNU, started in January 1984, is known as the GNU Project. Many of the programs in GNU are released under the auspices of the GNU Project; those we call GNU packages.

The name “GNU” is a recursive acronym for “GNU's Not Unix.” “GNU” is pronounced g'noo, as one syllable, like saying “grew” but replacing the r with n.

The program in a Unix-like system that allocates machine resources and talk to the hardware is called the “kernel”. GNU is typically used with a kernel called Linux. This combination is the GNU/Linux operating system. GNU/Linux is used by millions, though many call it “Linux” by mistake.

GNU's own kernel, The Hurd, was started in 1990 (before Linux was started). Volunteers continue developing the Hurd because it is an interesting technical project.

More information.

Try GNU/Linux!

Planet GNU RSS Feed

GNUMail and TalkSoup getting back to MacOS: In the effort of peppin up and removing bitrot from TalkSoup, the GNUstep IRC client, I am doing a native build of it on MacOS.Apparently there was... more

GnuTLS 3.3.13: Released GnuTLS 3.3.13, a bug-fix release on the stable branch.

Noteworthy changes in release 2015.02.24: AX_CHECK_ENABLE_DEBUG now uses $ax_is_release as default for IS-RELEASE. AX_IS_RELEASE now supports micro-version policies. Portability of AX_CXX_COMP... more

Za više vijesti, pogledajte Planet GNU i popis svježih izdanja GNU-a.

Emacs

GNU Emacs is an extensible and highly customizable text editor. It is based on an Emacs Lisp interpreter with extensions for text editing. Emacs has been extended in essentially all areas of computing, giving rise to a vast array of packages supporting, e.g., email, IRC and XMPP messaging, spreadsheets, remote server editing, and much more. Emacs includes extensive documentation on all aspects of the system, from basic editing to writing large Lisp programs. It has full Unicode support for nearly all human languages. (doc)

Short descriptions for all GNU packages.

Djelujte

Možete li doprinijeti nekom od ovih projekata visokog prioriteta? Gnash, coreboot, slobodne distribucije GNU/Linuxa, GNU Octave, pogonski programi mrežnih routera, povratno traženje grešaka u GDB-u, automatski prijepis, pogonski programi za PowerVR, a isto tako i zamjenski slobodan softver za Skype, OpenDWG biblioteke i Oracle Forms.

Možete li preuzeti neki od neodržavanih paketa GNU-a? gleem, gnukart, halifax, jwhois, metahtml, orgadoc, polyxmass, superopt, teximpatient, su sve paketi koji traže održavatelje. Isto tako, ovi paketi traže suodržavatelje: aspell, gnuae, metaexchange, powerguru. Za više informacija pogledajte web stranice paketa.

Bilješke prevoditelja

  1. Engleski jezik ne razlikuje pojam “slobodan” od pojma “besplatan”, nego i za jedno i za drugo koristi istu riječ, “free

[Logo FSF-a]“Naša misija je očuvanje, zaštita i promicanje slobode korištenja, proučavanja, kopiranja, mijenjanja i redistribuiranja računalnog softvera, te obrana prava korisnika slobodnog softvera.”

Zaklada za slobodan softver (Free Software Foundation) je glavni organizacijski pokrovitelj operativnog sustava GNU. Podržite GNU i FSF kupnjom priručnika i opreme, pridruživanjem FSF-u kao vanredan član ili donacijom, direktno FSF-u ili preko Flattr.

natrag na vrh

FSF ima i sestrinske organizacije u Europi, Latinskoj Americi i Indiji.