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<title>Microsoft's Software Is Malware
- GNU Project - Free Software Foundation</title>
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<h2>Microsoft's Software is Malware</h2>

<p><a href="/proprietary/proprietary.html">Other examples of proprietary

<div class="highlight-para"> class="comment">
<em>Malware</em> means software designed to function in ways that
mistreat or harm the user.  (This does not include accidental errors.)
This page explains how Microsoft software is malware.

Malware and nonfree software are two different issues.  The difference
between <a href="/philosophy/free-sw.html">free software</a> and
nonfree software is in
<a href="/philosophy/free-software-even-more-important.html">
whether the users have control of the program or vice versa</a>.  It's
not directly a question of what the program <em>does</em> when it
runs.  However, in practice nonfree software is often malware,
because the developer's awareness that the users would be powerless to fix
any malicious functionalities tempts the developer to impose some.

<div class="summary" style="margin-top: class="important" style="margin-bottom: 2em">
<p>If you know of an example that ought to be in this page but isn't
here, please write
to <a href="mailto:webmasters@gnu.org"><webmasters@gnu.org></a>
to inform us. Please include the URL of a trustworthy reference or two
to serve as specific substantiation.</p>

<div class="summary">
<h3>Type of malware</h3>
  <li><a href="#back-doors">Back doors</a></li>
<!--<li><a href="#censorship">Censorship</a></li>-->
  <li><a href="#insecurity">Insecurity</a></li>
<li><a href="#sabotage">Sabotage</a></li>
<li><a href="#interference">Interference</a></li>
<li><a href="#surveillance">Surveillance</a></li>
<li><a href="#drm">Digital restrictions
    management</a> or “DRM” means functionalities “DRM”—functionalities designed
    to restrict what users can do with the data in their computers.</li>
  <li><a href="#insecurity">Insecurity</a></li>
  <li><a href="#interference">Interference</a></li>
  <li><a href="#jails">Jails</a>—systems
    that impose censorship on application programs.</li>
  <li><a href="#sabotage">Sabotage</a></li>
  <li><a href="#subscriptions">Subscriptions</a></li>
  <li><a href="#surveillance">Surveillance</a></li>
  <li><a href="#tyrants">Tyrants</a>—systems
    that reject any operating system not “authorized” by the
<li><a href="#subscriptions">Subscriptions</a></li>

<h3 id="back-doors">Microsoft Back Doors</h3>
  <li><p><a href="https://theintercept.com/2015/12/28/recently-bought-a-windows-computer-microsoft-probably-has-your-encryption-key/">
  Microsoft has already backdoored its disk encryption</a>.</p></li>


<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M201608171">
    <p id="windows-update">Microsoft
    Windows has a universal back door through which <a
    any change whatsoever can be imposed on the users</a>.</p>

  <p>More information on when

    <p>This was <a
  this was used</a>.</p>
    reported in 2007</a> for XP and Vista, and it seems
    that Microsoft used the same method to push the <a
    Windows 10 downgrade</a> to computers running Windows 7 and 8.</p>

    <p>In Windows 10, the universal back door
    is no longer hidden; all “upgrades” will be <a href="http://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2015/07/windows-10-updates-to-be-automatic-and-mandatory-for-home-users/">forcibly
    forcibly and immediately imposed</a>.</p></li>

  <li><p><a href="http://www.computerworld.com/article/2500036/desktop-apps/microsoft--we-can-remotely-delete-windows-8-apps.html"> imposed</a>.</p>

  <li id="M201512280">
    <p>Microsoft has <a
    backdoored its disk encryption</a>.</p>

  <li id="M201308230">
    <p>The German government <a
    away from Windows 8 computers with TPM 2.0</a> (<a
    article in German</a>), due to potential back
    door capabilities of the TPM 2.0 chip.</p>

  <li id="M201307300">
    <p>Here is a suspicion that
    we can't prove, but is worth thinking about: <a
    Writable microcode for Intel and AMD microprocessors</a> may be a
    vehicle for the NSA to invade computers, with the help of Microsoft,
    say respected security experts.</p>

  <li id="M201112080.1">
    <p>Windows 8 also has a back door for <a
    remotely deleting apps</a>.</p>

    <p>You might well decide to let a security service that you trust
    remotely <em>deactivate</em> programs that it considers malicious.
    But there is no excuse for <em>deleting</em> the programs, and you
    should have the right to decide who whom (if anyone) to trust in this way.</p></li>

  <li><p>German government <a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20160310201616/http://drleonardcoldwell.com/2013/08/23/leaked-german-government-warns-key-entities-not-to-use-windows-8-linked-to-nsa/">veers
      away from Windows 8 computers with TPM 2.0 due to potential back
      door capabilities of the TPM 2.0 chip</a>.</p>

<h3 id="drm">Microsoft DRM</h3>

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="windows7-back-door"><p>Users reported id="M201904040">
    <p>Ebooks “bought” from Microsoft's store check that <a 
    their DRM is valid by connecting to the store every time their
    “owner” wants to read them. Microsoft was forcing them is going to replace Windows 7 and 8 with all-spying 
    Windows 10</a>.</p>

    <p>Microsoft was in fact close
    this store, <a 
    attacking computers href="https://www.bbc.com/news/technology-47810367">
    bricking all DRM'ed ebooks it has ever “sold”</a>. (The
    article additionally highlights the pitfalls of DRM.)</p>

    <p>This is another proof that run Windows 7 and 8</a>, switching on a flag 
    that said whether to “upgrade” to Windows 10 when users 
    had turned it off.</p>

    <p>Later on, Microsoft published instructions on <a 
    how DRM-encumbered product doesn't belong
    to permanently reject the downgrade person who bought it. Microsoft said it will refund customers,
    but this is no excuse for selling them restricted books.</p>

  <li id="M200708130.1">
    <p><a href="http://arstechnica.com/apple/2007/08/aacs-tentacles/">DRM
    in Windows</a>, introduced to Windows 10</a>.</p>

    <p>This seems cater to involve use of a back door <a
    href="/proprietary/proprietary-drm.html#bluray">Bluray</a> disks. 
    (The article talks about how the same malware would later be
    introduced in Windows 7 and 8.</p> MacOS.  That had not been done at the time, but it was
    done subsequently.)</p>

<h3 id="insecurity">Microsoft Insecurity</h3>

<p>These bugs are/were not intentional, so unlike the rest of the file
  they do not count as malware. We mention them to refute the
  supposition that prestigious proprietary software doesn't have grave



<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M201705120">
    <p>Exploits of bugs in Windows, which were developed by the NSA
    and then leaked by the Shadowbrokers group, are now being used to <a
    a great number of Windows computers with ransomware</a>.
	</p> ransomware</a>.</p>


  <li id="M201608020">
    <p>A <a
    in Internet Explorer and Edge</a> allows an attacker to retrieve
    Microsoft account credentials, if the user is tricked into visiting
    a malicious link.</p>

  <li id="M201312040">
    Point-of-sale terminals running Windows were taken over over</a> and
    turned into a botnet for the purpose of collecting customers' credit
</p> numbers.</p>

<h3 id="sabotage">Microsoft Sabotage</h3>

<p>The wrongs in this id="interference">Microsoft Interference</h3>

<p>This section are not precisely malware, since they do
not involve making gives examples of Microsoft software harassing or annoying
the program that runs in a way that hurts user, or causing trouble for the user.
But they  These actions are a lot like malware, since they are technical Microsoft
actions that harm to
sabotage but the word “sabotage” is too strong for them.</p>

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M201809120">
    <p>One version of Windows 10 <a
    harangues users if they try to install Firefox (or Chrome)</a>.</p>

  <li id="M201803190">
    <p>Microsoft is planning to make Windows <a
    impose use of specific Microsoft software.</p>

  <li><p> its browser, Edge, in certain circumstances</a>.</p>

    <p>The reason Microsoft can force things on users is that Windows
    is nonfree.</p>

  <li id="M201703170">
    <p>Windows displays <a href="https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2017/04/new-processors-are-now-blocked-from-receiving-updates-on-old-windows/">
	has dropped support
    intrusive ads for Windows 7 Microsoft products and 8 on recent processors</a>
      in its partners'

    <p>The article's author starts from the premise that Microsoft has
    a big hurry.</p>
    <p>It makes no difference right to control what legitimate reasons Microsoft might
      have for not doing work Windows does to support them. If users, as long as it doesn't want to
      do this work, it should let users do the work.</p>
    go “too far”. We disagree.</p>

    <p>Microsoft has made Windows 7

  <li id="M201612140">
    <p>The Microsoft Telemetry Compatibility service <a
    drastically reduces the performances of machines running
    Windows 10</a>, and 8 cease to function can't be disabled easily.</p>

  <li id="M201608170">
    <p> After <a href="/proprietary/malware-microsoft.html#windows10-forcing">forcing the download of Windows 10</a>
    on certain
      new computers, computers that were running Windows 7 and 8, Microsoft <a href="https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/help/4012982/discusses-an-issue-in-which-you-receive-a-your-pc-uses-a-processor-tha">effectively
      forcing their owners
    repeatedly switched on a flag that urged users to switch
    “upgrade” to Windows 10</a>.</p>

  <li><p>Once 10</a> when they had turned
    it off, in the hope that some day they would fail to say no.
    To do this, Microsoft has tricked a user into accepting installation used <a
    malware techniques</a>.</p>

    <p>A detailed <a
    analysis of Microsoft's scheme</a> is available on the Electronic
    Frontier Foundation's website.</p>

  <li id="M201603090">
    <p>Microsoft has made companies'
   10, <a href="http://www.theregister.co.uk/2016/06/01/windows_10_nagware_no_way_out/">they
   find that they are denied machines managed by the option company's sysadmins <a
    users to complain to cancel or even postpone the
   imposed date of installation</a>.
   <p>This demonstrates what we've said for years: using proprietary
   software means letting someone have power over you, and you're
   going sysadmins about not “upgrading”
    to get screwed sooner or later.</p></li>

  <li><p>Microsoft Windows 10</a>.</p>

  <li id="M201601160">
    <p>Microsoft has <a
    all future Intel CPUs for Windows 7 and 8</a>. Those
    machines will be stuck with the nastier Windows 10.  <a
    AMD and Qualcomm CPUs, too</a>.
  </p> too</a>.</p>

    <p>Of course, Windows 7 and 8 are unethical too, because they are
    proprietary software.  But this example of Microsoft's wielding its
    power demonstrates the power it holds.
  </p> holds.</p>

    <p>Free software developers also stop maintaining old versions of
    their programs, but this is not unfair to users because the users of
    free software have control over it.  If it is important enough to you,
    you and other users can hire someone to support the old version on
    your future platforms.

    is <a href="http://gizmodo.com/woman-wins-10-000-from-microsoft-after-unwanted-window-1782666146">
    forcibly pushing Windows
    update to its version 10</a>, ignoring platforms.</p>

<h3 id="sabotage">Microsoft Sabotage</h3>

<p>The wrongs in this section are not precisely malware, since they do
not involve making the flag on Windows 7 or 8 program that you could set to not upgrade.  This reaffirms runs in a way that hurts the presence of user.
But they are a <a href="/proprietary/proprietary-back-doors.html">universal
    back door in Windows</a> 7 and 8.</p></li>

  <li><p>Windows 10 “upgrades” <a
      delete applications</a> without asking permission.</p></li>

  <li><p> lot like malware, since they are technical Microsoft is <a href="http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2015/sep/11/microsoft-downloading-windows-1">
  repeatedly nagging many
actions that harm the users to install Windows 10</a>.

<li><p> of specific Microsoft was for months software.</p>

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M201904041">
    <p>Microsoft has been  <a
tricking users into “upgrading” to
    force-installing a “remediation”
    program</a> on computers running certain
    versions of Windows 10</a>, if they
failed to notice 10. Remediation, in Microsoft's view, means <a
    tampering with users' settings and say no.

  Microsoft informs the NSA files</a>, notably to
    “repair” any components of bugs in Windows before fixing them.</a></p></li>

  <li><p><a href="http://www.computerworlduk.com/blogs/open-enterprise/windows-xp-end-of-an-era-end-of-an-error-3569489/"> the updating system that users
    may have intentionally disabled, and thus regain full power over
    them. Microsoft cut off security fixes for Windows XP, except repeatedly pushed faulty versions of this program to
    users' machines, causing numerous problems, some big users of which <a

    <p>This exemplifies the arrogant and manipulative attitude
    that pay exorbitantly.</a></p>

  <p>Microsoft is going proprietary software developers have learned to adopt
    toward the people they are supposedly serving. Migrate to a <a href="http://www.computerworlduk.com/news/security/3605515/more-than-half-of-all-ie-users-face-patch-axe-in-10-months/">
  cut off support for some Internet Explorer versions</a> in
    href="/distros/free-distros.html">free operating system</a> if you

    <p>If your employer makes you run Windows, tell the same way.</p>

  <p>A person or company financial
    department how this wastes your time dealing with endless connections
    and premature hardware failures.</p>

  <li id="M201704194">
    <p>Microsoft has the right to made Windows 7
    and 8 cease to work function on certain new computers, <a
    forcing their owners to switch to Windows 10</a>.</p>

  <li id="M201704134">
    <p>Microsoft <a
    has dropped support for Windows 7 and 8 on recent processors</a>
    in a
  particular program; the wrong here is big hurry.</p>

    <p>It makes no difference what legitimate reasons Microsoft does might
    have for not doing work to support them. If it doesn't want to do
    this after having
  made the work, it should let users dependent on Microsoft, because they are not free do the work.</p>

  <li id="M201606270">
    <p id="windows10-forcing">In its efforts to ask
  anyone else trick users of Windows
    7 and 8 into installing all-spying Windows 10 against their
    will, Microsoft forced their computers to work on <a
    silently download… the program for them.</p></li>

<h3 id="interference">Microsoft Interference</h3>

<p>Various proprietary programs often mess up whole of Windows 10</a>! Apparently,
    this was done through a <a
    universal back door</a>. Not only did the user's system. They are like sabotage, unwanted downloads <a
    jeopardize important operations in regions of the world with poor
    connectivity</a>, but many of the people who let installation proceed
    found out that this “upgrade” was in fact a <a

  <li id="M201606010">
    <p>Once Microsoft has tricked a user
    into accepting installation of Windows 10, <a
    find that they are not grave enough denied the option to qualify 
for cancel or even postpone the word “sabotage”. Nonetheless, they are nasty and wrong. This section describes examples
    imposed date of Microsoft committing

  <li><p>Microsoft is planning installation</a>.</p>

    <p>This demonstrates what we've said for years: using proprietary
    software means letting someone have power over you, and you're going
    to make Windows <a
      impose use of get screwed sooner or later.</p>

  <li id="M201601310">
    <p>FTDI's proprietary driver
    for its browser, Edge, in certain circumstances</a>.</p>
    <p>The reason USB-to-serial chips has been designed to <a
    alternative compatible chips</a>
    so that they no longer work. Microsoft can force things on is <a
    this automatically</a> as an “upgrade”.</p>

  <li id="M201511240">
    <p>Windows 10 “upgrades” <a
    delete applications</a> without asking permission.</p>

  <li id="M201503260">
    cut off security fixes for Windows XP, except to some big users is that Windows
    pay exorbitantly</a>.</p>

    <p>Microsoft is

  <li><p>Windows displays going to <a href="http://www.theverge.com/2017/3/17/14956540/microsoft-windows-10-ads-taskbar-file-explorer">
	intrusive ads
    cut off support for Microsoft products and its
	partners' products</a>.</p>
    <p>The article's author starts from some Internet Explorer versions</a> in the premise that Microsoft same

    <p>A person or company has a the right to control what Windows does cease to users, as long as it
      doesn't go “too far”. We disagree.</p></li>
  <li><p>Microsoft inserts <a
      annoying advertisements inside of work on a particular
    program; the wrong here is Microsoft does this after having made the File Explorer</a> to nag
    users dependent on Microsoft, because they are not free to ask anyone
    else to buy subscriptions work on the program for them.</p>

  <li id="M201306220">
    informs the OneDrive service.</p></li>

<li>In order to increase NSA of bugs in Windows 10's install base, Microsoft
blatantly disregards user choice and privacy</a>. before fixing them</a>.</p>

<li><p>Microsoft has
started <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2016/jul/04/microsoft-windows-10-full-screen-upgrade-notification-pop-up-reminder">nagging

<h3 id="subscriptions">Microsoft Subscriptions</h3>

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M201507150">
    <p>Microsoft Office forces users obnoxiously and repeatedly to install Windows 10</a>.</p></li>

      <a href="http://news.softpedia.com/news/windows-10-upgrade-reportedly-starting-automatically-on-windows-7-pcs-501651.shtml">is
        users</a> <a
into replacing Windows 7 with Windows 10</a>.</p></li>

  <li><p>Microsoft has made companies' Windows machines managed by the
sysadmins <a href="http://www.infoworld.com/article/3042397/microsoft-windows/admins-beware-domain-attached-pcs-are-sprouting-get-windows-10-ads.html">harangue
    subscribe to complain Office 365 to the sysadmins about not “upgrading” be able to Windows
10</a>.</p></li> create/edit documents</a>.</p>

<h3 id="surveillance">Microsoft Surveillance</h3>



<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M201710134">
    <p>Windows 10 telemetry program sends information to Microsoft about
    the user's computer and their use of the computer.</p>

    <p>Furthermore, for users who installed the
    fourth stable build of Windows 10, called the
    “Creators Update,” Windows maximized the surveillance <a
    by force setting the telemetry mode to “Full”</a>.</p>

    <p>The <a
    “Full” telemetry mode</a> allows Microsoft Windows
    engineers to access, among other things, registry keys <a
    can contain sensitive information like administrator's login

<li><p>Windows DRM

  <li id="M201702020">
    <p>DRM-restricted files <a href="https://yro.slashdot.org/story/17/02/02/231229/windows-drm-protected-files-used-to-decloak-tor-browser-users">can can be used to <a
    identify people browsing through Tor</a>. The vulnerability exists
    only if you use Windows.

<li><p>By Windows.</p>

  <li id="M201611240">
    <p>By default, Windows 10 <a
    debugging information to Microsoft, including core dumps</a>. Microsoft
    now distributes them to another company.</p></li>

<li>It company.</p>

  <li id="M201608170.1">
    <p>In order to increase Windows 10's install base, Microsoft <a class="not-a-duplicate" 
    blatantly disregards user choice and privacy</a>.</p>

  <li id="M201603170">
    Windows 10 comes with 13 screens of snooping options</a>, all enabled
    by default, and turning them off would be daunting to most users.</p>

  <li id="M201601050">
    <p>It appears <a
    Windows 10 sends data to Microsoft about what applications are 


  <li id="M201511264">
    <p>A downgrade to Windows 10 deleted surveillance-detection
    applications.  Then another downgrade inserted a general spying
    program.  Users noticed this and complained, so Microsoft renamed it <a
    to give users the impression it was gone</a>.</p>

    <p>To use proprietary software is to invite such treatment.</p></li>

  <a href="https://duo.com/blog/bring-your-own-dilemma-oem-laptops-and-windows-10-security"> treatment.</p>

  <li id="M201508130">
    Windows 10 comes with 13 screens of snooping options</a>, all enabled by default, sends identifiable information to Microsoft</a>, even if
    a user turns off its Bing search and turning them off would be daunting to most users.</p></li>

  Windows Cortana features, and activates
    the privacy-protection settings.</p>

  <li id="M201507300">
    <p>Windows 10 <a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20151001035410/https://jonathan.porta.codes/2015/07/30/windows-10-seems-to-have-some-scary-privacy-defaults/">
    ships with default settings that show no regard for the privacy of
    its users</a>, giving Microsoft the “right” to snoop on
    the users' files, text input, voice input, location info, contacts,
    calendar records and web browsing history, as well as automatically
    connecting the machines to open hotspots and showing targeted ads.</p>

    <p>We can suppose Microsoft look at users' files for the US government
    on demand, though the “privacy policy” does not explicit explicitly
    say so. Will it look at users' files for the Chinese government
    on demand?</p></li>

  <a href="http://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2015/08/even-when-told-not-to-windows-10-just-cant-stop-talking-to-microsoft/">
  Windows 10 sends identifiable information to Microsoft</a>, even if a user
  turns off its Bing search and Cortana features, and activates the
  privacy-protection settings.</p></li>

  <li><p>The unique “advertising ID” for each user enables other companies to
  track the browsing of each specific user.</p></li>

  <li>Spyware in Windows 8: <a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20160313105805/http://www.theregister.co.uk/2003/02/28/windows_update_keeps_tabs/">
  Windows Update snoops on the user.</a>
  <a href="http://www.infoworld.com/t/microsoft-windows/look-the-black-underbelly-of-windows-81-blue-222175">
  Windows 8.1 snoops on local searches.</a> And there's a
  <a href="http://www.marketoracle.co.uk/Article40836.html">
  secret NSA key in Windows</a>, whose functions we don't know.</li>

  <a href="http://www.itproportal.com/2014/05/14/microsoft-openly-offered-cloud-data-fbi-and-nsa/">
  Microsoft SkyDrive allows the NSA to directly examine users' data.</a></p>

  <li><p>Spyware in Skype:
      <a href="http://www.forbes.com/sites/petercohan/2013/06/20/project-chess-how-u-s-snoops-on-your-skype/">
      Microsoft changed Skype
      <a href="http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2013/jul/11/microsoft-nsa-collaboration-user-data">
      specifically for spying</a>.</p> demand?</p>


  <li id="M201506170">
    <p>Microsoft uses Windows 10's “privacy policy”
    to overtly impose a “right” to look at
    users' files at any time. Windows 10 full disk encryption <a
    gives Microsoft a key</a>.</p>

    <p>Thus, Windows is overt malware in regard to surveillance, as in
    other issues.</p>

    <p>We can suppose Microsoft look at users' files for the US government
    on demand, though the “privacy policy” does not explicit
    say so. Will it look at users' files for the Chinese government
    on demand?</p>

    <p>The unique “advertising ID” for each user enables
    other companies to track the browsing of each specific user.</p>

    <p>It's as if Microsoft has deliberately chosen to make Windows 10
    maximally evil on every dimension; to make a grab for total power
    over anyone that doesn't drop Windows now.</p></li>


<h3 id="drm">Microsoft DRM</h3>
  <li><p><a href="http://arstechnica.com/apple/2007/08/aacs-tentacles/">
  DRM (digital restrictions mechanisms) in Windows</a>, introduced now.</p>

  <li id="M201410040">
    <p>It only gets worse with time.  <a
    Windows 10 requires users to
  cater give permission for total snooping</a>,
    including their files, their commands, their text input, and their
    voice input.</p>

  <li id="M201405140">
    Microsoft SkyDrive allows the NSA to directly examine users'

  <li id="M201307110">
    <p>Skype contains <a href="/proprietary/proprietary-drm.html#bluray">Bluray</a> disks.
  (The article also talks about how
    Microsoft changed Skype <a
    specifically for spying</a>.</p>

  <li id="M201307080">
    <p>Spyware in older versions of Windows: <a
    Windows Update snoops on the same malware would later be introduced user</a>. <a
    Windows 8.1 snoops on local searches</a>. And there's a <a
    href="http://www.marketoracle.co.uk/Article40836.html"> secret NSA
    key in MacOS.)</p></li> Windows</a>, whose functions we don't know.</p>

<h3 id="jails">Microsoft Jails</h3>

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M201706130">
    <p>Windows 10 S was a jail: <a
    only programs from the Windows Store could be
    installed and executed</a>. It was however possible to <a
    upgrade to Windows 10 Pro</a>. The successor of Windows
    10 S is a special configuration of Windows 10 called <a
    S mode</a>. The major difference with Windows 10 S is that there is
    an easy way to switch out of S mode.</p></li>

  <li> mode.</p>

  <li id="M201210080">
    <p><a href="http://www.itworld.com/article/2832657/operating-systems/microsoft-metro-app-store-lock-down.html">
    Windows 8 on “mobile devices” (now defunct) was a

<h3 id="tyrants">Microsoft Tyrants</h3>

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M201607150">
    <p>Microsoft accidentally left a way for users
    to install GNU/Linux on Windows RT tablets, but now it has <a
    “fixed” the “error”</a>. They have the gall
    to call this “protecting” the users.  The article talks
    of installing “Linux”, but the context shows it is really
    <a href="/gnu/linux-and-gnu.html">GNU/Linux</a> that users
</p> install.</p>
  <li><p><a href="http://fsf.org/campaigns/secure-boot-vs-restricted-boot/">

  <li id="M201110110">
    <p><a href="https://fsf.org/campaigns/secure-boot-vs-restricted-boot/">
    Mobile devices that come with Windows 8 are tyrants</a>: they block
  users from installing other or modified operating systems.</p></li>

<h3 id="subscriptions">Microsoft Subscriptions</h3>

<li><p>Microsoft Office forces
      users <a href="https://www.computerworld.com/article/2948755/windows-apps/office-for-windows-10-will-require-office-365-subscription-on-pcs-larger-tablets.html">to
      subscribe to Office 365 to be able to create/edit
      documents</a>.</p> tyrants</a>.</p>

<p>As this page shows, if you do want to clean your computer of malware,
the first software to delete is Windows.</p>

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<p class="unprintable">Updated:
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