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<title>Microsoft's Software Is Malware
- GNU Project - Free Software Foundation</title>
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<h2>Microsoft's Software is Malware</h2>

<p><a href="/proprietary/proprietary.html">Other examples of proprietary
malware</a></p>

<div class="highlight-para"> class="comment">
<p>
<em>Malware</em> means software designed to function in ways that
mistreat or harm the user.  (This does not include accidental errors.)
This page explains how Microsoft software is malware.
</p>

<p>
Malware and nonfree software are two different issues.  The difference
between <a href="/philosophy/free-sw.html">free software</a> and
nonfree software is in
<a href="/philosophy/free-software-even-more-important.html">
whether the users have control of the program or vice versa</a>.  It's
not directly a question of what the program <em>does</em> when it
runs.  However, in practice nonfree software is often malware,
because the developer's awareness that the users would be powerless to fix
any malicious functionalities tempts the developer to impose some.
</p>
</div>

<div class="summary" style="margin-top: class="important" style="margin-bottom: 2em">
<p>If you know of an example that ought to be in this page but isn't
here, please write
to <a href="mailto:webmasters@gnu.org"><webmasters@gnu.org></a>
to inform us. Please include the URL of a trustworthy reference or two
to serve as specific substantiation.</p>
</div>
</div>

<div class="summary">
<h3>Type of malware</h3>
<ul>
  <li><a href="#back-doors">Back doors</a></li>
<!--<li><a href="#censorship">Censorship</a></li>-->
  <li><a href="#insecurity">Insecurity</a></li>
<li><a href="#sabotage">Sabotage</a></li>
<li><a href="#interference">Interference</a></li>
<li><a href="#surveillance">Surveillance</a></li>
<li><a href="#drm">Digital restrictions
    management</a> or “DRM” means functionalities “DRM”—functionalities designed
    to restrict what users can do with the data in their computers.</li>
  <li><a href="#insecurity">Insecurity</a></li>
  <li><a href="#interference">Interference</a></li>
  <li><a href="#jails">Jails</a>—systems
    that impose censorship on application programs.</li>
  <li><a href="#sabotage">Sabotage</a></li>
  <li><a href="#subscriptions">Subscriptions</a></li>
  <li><a href="#surveillance">Surveillance</a></li>
  <li><a href="#tyrants">Tyrants</a>—systems
    that reject any operating system not “authorized” by the
    manufacturer.</li>
<li><a href="#subscriptions">Subscriptions</a></li>
</ul>
</div>

<h3 id="back-doors">Microsoft Back Doors</h3>
<ul>
  <li><p><a href="https://theintercept.com/2015/12/28/recently-bought-a-windows-computer-microsoft-probably-has-your-encryption-key/">
  Microsoft has already backdoored its disk encryption</a>.</p></li>

  <li><p>Microsoft

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M201608172">
    <p id="windows-update">Microsoft
    Windows has a universal back door through which <a
    href="http://www.informationweek.com/microsoft-updates-windows-without-user-permission-apologizes/d/d-id/1059183">
    any change whatsoever can be imposed on the users</a>.</p>

  <p>More information on when

    <p>This was <a
    href="http://slated.org/windows_by_stealth_the_updates_you_dont_want">
  this was used</a>.</p>
    reported in 2007</a> for XP and Vista, and it seems
    that Microsoft used the same method to push the <a
    href="/proprietary/malware-microsoft.html#windows10-forcing">
    Windows 10 downgrade</a> to computers running Windows 7 and 8.</p>

    <p>In Windows 10, the universal back door
    is no longer hidden; all “upgrades” will be <a href="http://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2015/07/windows-10-updates-to-be-automatic-and-mandatory-for-home-users/">forcibly
    href="http://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2015/07/windows-10-updates-to-be-automatic-and-mandatory-for-home-users/">
    forcibly and immediately imposed</a>.</p></li>

  <li><p><a href="http://www.computerworld.com/article/2500036/desktop-apps/microsoft--we-can-remotely-delete-windows-8-apps.html"> imposed</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201512280">
    <p>Microsoft has <a
    href="https://theintercept.com/2015/12/28/recently-bought-a-windows-computer-microsoft-probably-has-your-encryption-key/">
    backdoored its disk encryption</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201308230">
    <p>The German government <a
    href="http://drleonardcoldwell.com/leaked-german-government-warns-key-entities-not-to-use-windows-8-linked-to-nsa/">veers
    away from Windows 8 computers with TPM 2.0</a>, due to potential back
    door capabilities of the TPM 2.0 chip.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201307300">
    <p>Here is a suspicion that
    we can't prove, but is worth thinking about: <a
    href="https://web.archive.org/web/20150206003913/http://www.afr.com/p/technology/intel_chips_could_be_nsa_key_to_ymrhS1HS1633gCWKt5tFtI">
    Writable microcode for Intel and AMD microprocessors</a> may be a
    vehicle for the NSA to invade computers, with the help of Microsoft,
    say respected security experts.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201112081">
    <p>Windows 8 also has a back door for <a
    href="http://www.computerworld.com/article/2500036/desktop-apps/microsoft--we-can-remotely-delete-windows-8-apps.html">
    remotely deleting apps</a>.</p>

    <p>You might well decide to let a security service that you trust
    remotely <em>deactivate</em> programs that it considers malicious.
    But there is no excuse for <em>deleting</em> the programs, and you
    should have the right to decide who whom (if anyone) to trust in this way.</p></li>

  <li><p>German government <a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20160310201616/http://drleonardcoldwell.com/2013/08/23/leaked-german-government-warns-key-entities-not-to-use-windows-8-linked-to-nsa/">veers
      away from Windows 8 computers with TPM 2.0 due to potential back
      door capabilities of the TPM 2.0 chip</a>.</p>
    way.</p>
  </li>
</ul>


<h3 id="drm">Microsoft DRM</h3>

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="windows7-back-door"><p>Users reported that <a 
    href="http://www.networkworld.com/article/2993490/windows/windows-10-upgrades-reportedly-appearing-as-mandatory-for-some-users.html#tk.rss_all">
    Microsoft was forcing them to replace Windows 7 and 8 with all-spying 
    Windows 10</a>.</p>

    <p>Microsoft was id="M200708131">
    <p><a href="http://arstechnica.com/apple/2007/08/aacs-tentacles/">DRM
    in fact <a 
    href="http://www.computerworld.com/article/3012278/microsoft-windows/microsoft-sets-stage-for-massive-windows-10-upgrade-strategy.html">
    attacking computers that run Windows 7 and 8</a>, switching on a flag 
    that said whether Windows</a>, introduced to “upgrade” cater to Windows 10 when users 
    had turned it off.</p>

    <p>Later on, Microsoft published instructions on <a 
    href="http://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2016/01/microsoft-finally-has-a-proper-way-to-opt-out-of-windows-78-to-windows-10-upgrades/">
    href="/proprietary/proprietary-drm.html#bluray">Bluray</a> disks. 
    (The article talks about how to permanently reject the downgrade to Windows 10</a>.</p>

    <p>This seems to involve use of a back door same malware would later be
    introduced in Windows 7 and 8.</p> MacOS.  That had not been done at the time, but it was
    done subsequently.)</p>
  </li>
</ul>


<h3 id="insecurity">Microsoft Insecurity</h3>

<p>These bugs are/were not intentional, so unlike the rest of the file
  they do not count as malware. We mention them to refute the
  supposition that prestigious proprietary software doesn't have grave
  bugs.</p>

<ul>

<li>

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M201705120">
    <p>Exploits of bugs in Windows, which were developed by the NSA
    and then leaked by the Shadowbrokers group, are now being used to <a
    href="https://theintercept.com/2017/05/12/the-nsas-lost-digital-weapon-is-helping-hijack-computers-around-the-world/">attack
    a great number of Windows computers with ransomware</a>.
	</p> ransomware</a>.</p>
  </li>

    <li><p>A

  <li id="M201608020">
    <p>A <a
    href="http://www.zdnet.com/article/windows-attack-can-steal-your-username-password-and-other-logins/">flaw
    in Internet Explorer and Edge</a> allows an attacker to retrieve
    Microsoft account credentials, if the user is tricked into visiting
    a malicious link.</p>
  </li>
<li>

  <li id="M201312040">
    <p><a
    href="http://arstechnica.com/security/2013/12/credit-card-fraud-comes-of-age-with-first-known-point-of-sale-botnet/">
    Point-of-sale terminals running Windows were taken over over</a> and
    turned into a botnet for the purpose of collecting customers' credit
    card
numbers</a>.
</p> numbers.</p>
  </li>
</ul>


<h3 id="sabotage">Microsoft Sabotage</h3>

<p>The wrongs in this section are not precisely malware, since they do
not involve making the program that runs in a way that hurts id="interference">Microsoft Interference</h3>

<p>Various proprietary programs often mess up the user.
But they user's system. They
are a lot like malware, since sabotage, but they are technical Microsoft
actions that harm not grave enough to qualify for the users word
“sabotage”. Nonetheless, they are nasty and wrong. This
section describes examples of specific Microsoft software.</p>

<ul>
  <li><p> committing interference.</p>

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M201809120">
    <p>One version of Windows 10 <a
    href="https://www.ghacks.net/2018/09/12/microsoft-intercepting-firefox-chrome-installation-on-windows-10/">
    harangues users if they try to install Firefox (or Chrome)</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201803190">
    <p>Microsoft is planning to make Windows <a
    href="https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/mar/19/windows-10-microsoft-force-people-edge-browser-windows-mail-chrome-firefox">
    impose use of its browser, Edge, in certain circumstances</a>.</p>

    <p>The reason Microsoft can force things on users is that Windows
    is nonfree.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201703170">
    <p>Windows displays <a href="https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2017/04/new-processors-are-now-blocked-from-receiving-updates-on-old-windows/">
	has dropped support
    href="http://www.theverge.com/2017/3/17/14956540/microsoft-windows-10-ads-taskbar-file-explorer">
    intrusive ads for Windows 7 Microsoft products and 8 on recent processors</a>
      in its partners'
    products</a>.</p>

    <p>The article's author starts from the premise that Microsoft has
    a big hurry.</p>
    <p>It makes no difference right to control what legitimate reasons Microsoft might
      have for not doing work Windows does to support them. If users, as long as it doesn't want to
      do this work, it should let users do the work.</p>
    go “too far”. We disagree.</p>
  </li>

  <li>
    <p>Microsoft has made

  <li id="M201608170">
    <p> After <a href="/proprietary/malware-microsoft.html#windows10-forcing">forcing the download of Windows 10</a>
    on computers that were running Windows 7 and 8 cease to function on certain
      new computers, 8, Microsoft <a href="https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/help/4012982/discusses-an-issue-in-which-you-receive-a-your-pc-uses-a-processor-tha">effectively
      forcing their owners
    href="http://www.computerworld.com/article/3012278/microsoft-windows/microsoft-sets-stage-for-massive-windows-10-upgrade-strategy.html">
    repeatedly switched on a flag that urged users to switch
    “upgrade” to Windows 10</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p>Once Microsoft has tricked a user into accepting installation
   of Windows
   10, <a href="http://www.theregister.co.uk/2016/06/01/windows_10_nagware_no_way_out/">they
   find 10</a> when they had turned
    it off, in the hope that some day they are denied would fail to say no.
    To do this, Microsoft used <a
    href="https://www.theregister.co.uk/2016/03/17/microsoft_windows_10_upgrade_gwx_vs_humanity/">
    malware techniques</a>.</p>

    <p>A detailed <a
    href="https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2016/08/windows-10-microsoft-blatantly-disregards-user-choice-and-privacy-deep-dive">
    analysis of Microsoft's scheme</a> is available on the option Electronic
    Frontier Foundation's website.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201603090">
    <p>Microsoft has made companies'
    Windows machines managed by the company's sysadmins <a
    href="http://www.infoworld.com/article/3042397/microsoft-windows/admins-beware-domain-attached-pcs-are-sprouting-get-windows-10-ads.html">harangue
    users to complain to cancel or even postpone the
   imposed date of installation</a>.
   </p>
   <p>This demonstrates what we've said for years: using proprietary
   software means letting someone have power over you, and you're
   going sysadmins about not “upgrading”
    to get screwed sooner or later.</p></li>

  <li><p>Microsoft Windows 10</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201601160">
    <p>Microsoft has <a
    href="http://www.theverge.com/2016/1/16/10780876/microsoft-windows-support-policy-new-processors-skylake">desupported
    all future Intel CPUs for Windows 7 and 8</a>. Those
    machines will be stuck with the nastier Windows 10.  <a
    href="http://gizmodo.com/only-the-latest-version-of-windows-will-run-on-some-fut-1753545825">
    AMD and Qualcomm CPUs, too</a>.
  </p> too</a>.</p>

    <p>Of course, Windows 7 and 8 are unethical too, because they are
    proprietary software.  But this example of Microsoft's wielding its
    power demonstrates the power it holds.
  </p> holds.</p>

    <p>Free software developers also stop maintaining old versions of
    their programs, but this is not unfair to users because the users of
    free software have control over it.  If it is important enough to you,
    you and other users can hire someone to support the old version on
    your future platforms.
  </p></li>

  <li><p>Microsoft
    is <a href="http://gizmodo.com/woman-wins-10-000-from-microsoft-after-unwanted-window-1782666146">
    forcibly pushing Windows
    update to its version 10</a>, ignoring platforms.</p>
  </li>
</ul>


<h3 id="sabotage">Microsoft Sabotage</h3>

<p>The wrongs in this section are not precisely malware, since they do
not involve making the flag on Windows 7 or 8 program that you could set to not upgrade.  This reaffirms runs in a way that hurts the presence of user.
But they are a <a href="/proprietary/proprietary-back-doors.html">universal
    back door in Windows</a> 7 and 8.</p></li>

  <li><p>Windows 10 “upgrades” <a
      href="http://www.ghacks.net/2015/11/24/beware-latest-windows-10-update-may-remove-programs-automatically/">
      delete applications</a> without asking permission.</p></li>

  <li><p>
  Microsoft is <a href="http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2015/sep/11/microsoft-downloading-windows-1">
  repeatedly nagging many users to install Windows 10</a>.
  </p></li>

<li><p>
Microsoft was for months <a
href="http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2016/feb/02/microsoft-downloading-windows-10-automatic-update">
tricking users into “upgrading” to Windows 10</a>, if lot like malware, since they
failed to notice and say no.
</p></li>

  <li><p><a
href="https://web.archive.org/web/20130622044225/http://blogs.computerworlduk.com/open-enterprise/2013/06/how-can-any-company-ever-trust-microsoft-again/index.htm"> are technical Microsoft informs
actions that harm the NSA users of bugs in Windows before fixing them.</a></p></li>

  <li><p><a href="http://www.computerworlduk.com/blogs/open-enterprise/windows-xp-end-of-an-era-end-of-an-error-3569489/"> specific Microsoft cut off security fixes for software.</p>

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M201704194">
    <p>Microsoft has made Windows XP, except 7
    and 8 cease to some big users
  that pay exorbitantly.</a></p>

  <p>Microsoft is going function on certain new computers, <a
    href="https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/help/4012982/the-processor-is-not-supported-together-with-the-windows-version-that">effectively
    forcing their owners to switch to Windows 10</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201704134">
    <p>Microsoft <a href="http://www.computerworlduk.com/news/security/3605515/more-than-half-of-all-ie-users-face-patch-axe-in-10-months/">
  cut off
    href="https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2017/04/new-processors-are-now-blocked-from-receiving-updates-on-old-windows/">
    has dropped support for some Internet Explorer versions</a> in the same way.</p>

  <p>A person or company has the right to cease to work Windows 7 and 8 on recent processors</a>
    in a
  particular program; the wrong here is big hurry.</p>

    <p>It makes no difference what legitimate reasons Microsoft does might
    have for not doing work to support them. If it doesn't want to do
    this after having
  made the work, it should let users dependent on Microsoft, because they are not free do the work.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201606270">
    <p id="windows10-forcing">In its efforts to ask
  anyone else trick users of Windows
    7 and 8 into installing all-spying Windows 10 against their
    will, Microsoft forced their computers to work on <a
    href="https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2015/sep/11/microsoft-downloading-windows-1">
    silently download… the program for them.</p></li>
</ul>

<h3 id="interference">Microsoft Interference</h3>

<p>Various proprietary programs often mess up whole of Windows 10</a>! Apparently,
    this was done through a <a
    href="/proprietary/proprietary-back-doors.html#windows-update">
    universal back door</a>. Not only did the user's system. They are like sabotage, unwanted downloads <a
    href="https://www.theregister.co.uk/2016/06/03/windows_10_upgrade_satellite_link/">
    jeopardize important operations in regions of the world with poor
    connectivity</a>, but many of the people who let installation proceed
    found out that this “upgrade” was in fact a <a
    href="http://gizmodo.com/woman-wins-10-000-from-microsoft-after-unwanted-window-1782666146">
    downgrade</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201606010">
    <p>Once Microsoft has tricked a user
    into accepting installation of Windows 10, <a
    href="https://www.theregister.co.uk/2016/06/01/windows_10_nagware_no_way_out/">they
    find that they are not grave enough denied the option to qualify 
for cancel or even postpone the word “sabotage”. Nonetheless, they are nasty and wrong. This section describes examples
    imposed date of Microsoft committing
interference.</p>

<ul>
  <li><p>Microsoft is planning installation</a>.</p>

    <p>This demonstrates what we've said for years: using proprietary
    software means letting someone have power over you, and you're going
    to make Windows <a
      href="https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/mar/19/windows-10-microsoft-force-people-edge-browser-windows-mail-chrome-firefox">
      impose use of get screwed sooner or later.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201601310">
    <p>FTDI's proprietary driver
    for its browser, Edge, in certain circumstances</a>.</p>
    <p>The reason USB-to-serial chips has been designed to <a
    href="http://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2014/10/windows-update-drivers-bricking-usb-serial-chips-beloved-of-hardware-hackers/">sabotage
    alternative compatible chips</a>
    so that they no longer work. Microsoft can force things on is <a
    href="http://it.slashdot.org/story/16/01/31/1720259/ftdi-driver-breaks-hardware-again">installing
    this automatically</a> as an “upgrade”.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201511240">
    <p>Windows 10 “upgrades” <a
    href="http://www.ghacks.net/2015/11/24/beware-latest-windows-10-update-may-remove-programs-automatically/">
    delete applications</a> without asking permission.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201503260">
    <p><a
    href="https://www.computerworlduk.com/it-business/windows-xp-end-of-an-era-end-of-an-error-3569489/">Microsoft
    cut off security fixes for Windows XP, except to some big users is that Windows
    pay exorbitantly</a>.</p>

    <p>Microsoft is
      nonfree.</p></li>

  <li><p>Windows displays going to <a href="http://www.theverge.com/2017/3/17/14956540/microsoft-windows-10-ads-taskbar-file-explorer">
	intrusive ads
    href="https://www.computerworlduk.com/applications/more-than-half-of-all-ie-users-face-patch-axe-in-10-months-3605515/">
    cut off support for Microsoft products and its
	partners' products</a>.</p>
    <p>The article's author starts from some Internet Explorer versions</a> in the premise that Microsoft same
    way.</p>

    <p>A person or company has a the right to control what Windows does cease to users, as long as it
      doesn't go “too far”. We disagree.</p></li>
  
  <li><p>Microsoft inserts <a
href="https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/mar/10/windows-10-users-complain-new-microsoft-subscription-onedrive-adverts">
      annoying advertisements inside of work on a particular
    program; the wrong here is Microsoft does this after having made the File Explorer</a> to nag
    users dependent on Microsoft, because they are not free to buy subscriptions ask anyone
    else to work on the program for them.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201306220">
    <p><a
    href="https://web.archive.org/web/20130622044225/http://blogs.computerworlduk.com/open-enterprise/2013/06/how-can-any-company-ever-trust-microsoft-again/index.htm">Microsoft
    informs the OneDrive service.</p></li>

<li>In order to increase NSA of bugs in Windows 10's install base, Microsoft
<a
href="https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2016/08/windows-10-microsoft-blatantly-disregards-user-choice-and-privacy-deep-dive">
blatantly disregards user choice and privacy</a>. before fixing them</a>.</p>
  </li>

<li><p>Microsoft has
started <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2016/jul/04/microsoft-windows-10-full-screen-upgrade-notification-pop-up-reminder">nagging
</ul>


<h3 id="subscriptions">Microsoft Subscriptions</h3>

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M201507150">
    <p>Microsoft Office forces users obnoxiously and repeatedly to install Windows 10</a>.</p></li>

  <li><p>Microsoft
      <a href="http://news.softpedia.com/news/windows-10-upgrade-reportedly-starting-automatically-on-windows-7-pcs-501651.shtml">is
        tricking
        users</a> <a
href="https://web.archive.org/web/20160522062607/http://www.theregister.co.uk/2016/03/17/microsoft_windows_10_upgrade_gwx_vs_humanity/">
into replacing Windows 7 with Windows 10</a>.</p></li>

  <li><p>Microsoft has made companies' Windows machines managed by the
company's
sysadmins <a href="http://www.infoworld.com/article/3042397/microsoft-windows/admins-beware-domain-attached-pcs-are-sprouting-get-windows-10-ads.html">harangue
users
    href="https://www.computerworld.com/article/2948755/windows-apps/office-for-windows-10-will-require-office-365-subscription-on-pcs-larger-tablets.html">to
    subscribe to complain Office 365 to the sysadmins about not “upgrading” be able to Windows
10</a>.</p></li> create/edit documents</a>.</p>
  </li>
</ul>


<h3 id="surveillance">Microsoft Surveillance</h3>

<ul>

<li><p>Windows

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M201710134">
    <p>Windows 10 telemetry program sends information to Microsoft about
    the user's computer and their use of the computer.</p>

    <p>Furthermore, for users who installed the
    fourth stable build of Windows 10, called the
    “Creators Update,” Windows maximized the surveillance <a
    href="https://arstechnica.com/gadgets/2017/10/dutch-privacy-regulator-says-that-windows-10-breaks-the-law">
    by force setting the telemetry mode to “Full”</a>.</p>

    <p>The <a
href="https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/configuration/configure-windows-telemetry-in-your-organization#full-level">
    href="https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/privacy/configure-windows-diagnostic-data-in-your-organization#full-level">
    “Full” telemetry mode</a> allows Microsoft Windows
    engineers to access, among other things, registry keys <a
    href="https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc939702.aspx">which
    can contain sensitive information like administrator's login
 password</a>.</p></li>

<li><p>Windows DRM
    password</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201702020">
    <p>DRM-restricted files <a href="https://yro.slashdot.org/story/17/02/02/231229/windows-drm-protected-files-used-to-decloak-tor-browser-users">can can be used to <a
    href="https://yro.slashdot.org/story/17/02/02/231229/windows-drm-protected-files-used-to-decloak-tor-browser-users">
    identify people browsing through Tor</a>. The vulnerability exists
    only if you use Windows.
</p></li>

<li><p>By Windows.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201611240">
    <p>By default, Windows 10 <a
    href="http://betanews.com/2016/11/24/microsoft-shares-windows-10-telemetry-data-with-third-parties">sends
    debugging information to Microsoft, including core dumps</a>. Microsoft
    now distributes them to another company.</p></li>

<li>It company.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201608171">
    <p>In order to increase Windows 10's install base, Microsoft <a class="not-a-duplicate" 
    href="https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2016/08/windows-10-microsoft-blatantly-disregards-user-choice-and-privacy-deep-dive">
    blatantly disregards user choice and privacy</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201603170">
    <p><a
    href="https://duo.com/blog/bring-your-own-dilemma-oem-laptops-and-windows-10-security">
    Windows 10 comes with 13 screens of snooping options</a>, all enabled
    by default, and turning them off would be daunting to most users.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201601050">
    <p>It appears <a
    href="http://www.ghacks.net/2016/01/05/microsoft-may-be-collecting-more-data-than-initially-thought/">
    Windows 10 sends data to Microsoft about what applications are 
running</a>.</li>

<li><p>A
    running</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201511264">
    <p>A downgrade to Windows 10 deleted surveillance-detection
    applications.  Then another downgrade inserted a general spying
    program.  Users noticed this and complained, so Microsoft renamed it <a
href="https://web.archive.org/web/20160407082751/http://www.theregister.co.uk/2015/11/26/microsoft_renamed_data_slurper_reinserted_windows_10/">
    href="https://www.theregister.co.uk/2015/11/26/microsoft_renamed_data_slurper_reinserted_windows_10/">
    to give users the impression it was gone</a>.</p>

    <p>To use proprietary software is to invite such treatment.</p></li>

  <li><p>
  <a href="https://duo.com/blog/bring-your-own-dilemma-oem-laptops-and-windows-10-security"> treatment.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201508130">
    <p><a
    href="http://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2015/08/even-when-told-not-to-windows-10-just-cant-stop-talking-to-microsoft/">
    Windows 10 comes with 13 screens of snooping options</a>, all enabled by default,
  and turning them off would be daunting sends identifiable information to most users.</p></li>

  <li><p>
  Windows Microsoft</a>, even if
    a user turns off its Bing search and Cortana features, and activates
    the privacy-protection settings.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201507300">
    <p>Windows 10 <a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20151001035410/https://jonathan.porta.codes/2015/07/30/windows-10-seems-to-have-some-scary-privacy-defaults/">
    href="https://jonathan.porta.codes/2015/07/30/windows-10-seems-to-have-some-scary-privacy-defaults/">
    ships with default settings that show no regard for the privacy of
    its users</a>, giving Microsoft the “right” to snoop on
    the users' files, text input, voice input, location info, contacts,
    calendar records and web browsing history, as well as automatically
    connecting the machines to open hotspots and showing targeted ads.</p>

    <p>We can suppose Microsoft look at users' files for the US government
    on demand, though the “privacy policy” does not explicit explicitly
    say so. Will it look at users' files for the Chinese government
    on demand?</p></li>

  <li><p>
  <a href="http://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2015/08/even-when-told-not-to-windows-10-just-cant-stop-talking-to-microsoft/">
  Windows 10 sends identifiable information to Microsoft</a>, even if a user
  turns off its Bing search and Cortana features, and activates the
  privacy-protection settings.</p></li>

  <li><p>The unique “advertising ID” for each user enables other companies to
  track the browsing of each specific user.</p></li>

  <li>Spyware in Windows 8: <a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20160313105805/http://www.theregister.co.uk/2003/02/28/windows_update_keeps_tabs/">
  Windows Update snoops on the user.</a>
  <a href="http://www.infoworld.com/t/microsoft-windows/look-the-black-underbelly-of-windows-81-blue-222175">
  Windows 8.1 snoops on local searches.</a> And there's a
  <a href="http://www.marketoracle.co.uk/Article40836.html">
  secret NSA key in Windows</a>, whose functions we don't know.</li>

  <li><p>
  <a href="http://www.itproportal.com/2014/05/14/microsoft-openly-offered-cloud-data-fbi-and-nsa/">
  Microsoft SkyDrive allows the NSA to directly examine users' data.</a></p>
  </li>

  <li><p>Spyware in Skype:
      <a href="http://www.forbes.com/sites/petercohan/2013/06/20/project-chess-how-u-s-snoops-on-your-skype/">
      http://www.forbes.com/sites/petercohan/2013/06/20/project-chess-how-u-s-snoops-on-your-skype/</a>.
      Microsoft changed Skype
      <a href="http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2013/jul/11/microsoft-nsa-collaboration-user-data">
      specifically for spying</a>.</p> demand?</p>
  </li>

  <li><p>
  Microsoft

  <li id="M201506170">
    <p>Microsoft uses Windows 10's “privacy policy”
    to overtly impose a “right” to look at
    users' files at any time. Windows 10 full disk encryption <a
    href="https://edri.org/microsofts-new-small-print-how-your-personal-data-abused/">
    gives Microsoft a key</a>.</p>

    <p>Thus, Windows is overt malware in regard to surveillance, as in
    other issues.</p>

    <p>We can suppose Microsoft look at users' files for the US government
    on demand, though the “privacy policy” does not explicit
    say so. Will it look at users' files for the Chinese government
    on demand?</p>

    <p>The unique “advertising ID” for each user enables
    other companies to track the browsing of each specific user.</p>

    <p>It's as if Microsoft has deliberately chosen to make Windows 10
    maximally evil on every dimension; to make a grab for total power
    over anyone that doesn't drop Windows now.</p></li>

</ul>

<h3 id="drm">Microsoft DRM</h3>
<ul>
  <li><p><a href="http://arstechnica.com/apple/2007/08/aacs-tentacles/">
  DRM (digital restrictions mechanisms) in Windows</a>, introduced now.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201410040">
    <p>It only gets worse with time.  <a
    href="http://www.techworm.net/2014/10/microsofts-windows-10-permission-watch-every-move.html">
    Windows 10 requires users to
  cater give permission for total snooping</a>,
    including their files, their commands, their text input, and their
    voice input.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201405140">
    <p><a
    href="http://www.itproportal.com/2014/05/14/microsoft-openly-offered-cloud-data-fbi-and-nsa/">
    Microsoft SkyDrive allows the NSA to directly examine users'
    data</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201307110">
    <p>Skype contains <a href="/proprietary/proprietary-drm.html#bluray">Bluray</a> disks.
  (The article also talks about how
    href="https://web.archive.org/web/20130928235637/http://www.forbes.com/sites/petercohan/2013/06/20/project-chess-how-u-s-snoops-on-your-skype/">spyware</a>.
    Microsoft changed Skype <a
    href="http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2013/jul/11/microsoft-nsa-collaboration-user-data">
    specifically for spying</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201307080">
    <p>Spyware in older versions of Windows: <a
    href="https://www.theregister.co.uk/2003/02/28/windows_update_keeps_tabs/">
    Windows Update snoops on the same malware would later be introduced user</a>. <a
    href="https://www.infoworld.com/article/2611451/microsoft-windows/a-look-at-the-black-underbelly-of-windows-8-1--blue-.html">
    Windows 8.1 snoops on local searches</a>. And there's a <a
    href="http://www.marketoracle.co.uk/Article40836.html"> secret NSA
    key in MacOS.)</p></li> Windows</a>, whose functions we don't know.</p>
  </li>
</ul>


<h3 id="jails">Microsoft Jails</h3>
<ul>
  <li>

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M201706130">
    <p>Windows 10 S was a jail: <a
    href="https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/may/03/windows-10-s-microsoft-faster-pc-comparison">
    only programs from the Windows Store could be
    installed and executed</a>. It was however possible to <a
    href="https://www.theverge.com/2017/6/13/15789998/microsoft-windows-10-s-upgrade-windows-10-pro-guide">
    upgrade to Windows 10 Pro</a>. The successor of Windows
    10 S is a special configuration of Windows 10 called <a
    href="https://support.microsoft.com/en-gb/help/4020089/windows-10-in-s-mode-faq">
    S mode</a>. The major difference with Windows 10 S is that there is
    an easy way to switch out of S mode.</p></li>

  <li> mode.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201210080">
    <p><a
    href="http://www.itworld.com/article/2832657/operating-systems/microsoft-metro-app-store-lock-down.html">
    Windows 8 on “mobile devices” (now defunct) was a
      jail</a>.</p></li>
    jail</a>.</p>
  </li>
</ul>


<h3 id="tyrants">Microsoft Tyrants</h3>
<ul>
<li>

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M201607150">
    <p>Microsoft accidentally left a way for users
    to install GNU/Linux on Windows RT tablets, but now it has <a
    href="http://www.securitynewspaper.com/2016/07/15/microsoft-silently-kills-dev-backdoor-boots-linux-locked-windows-rt-slabs/">
    “fixed” the “error”</a>. They have the gall
    to call this “protecting” the users.  The article talks
    of installing “Linux”, but the context shows it is really
    <a href="/gnu/linux-and-gnu.html">GNU/Linux</a> that users
install.
</p> install.</p>
  </li>
  <li><p><a href="http://fsf.org/campaigns/secure-boot-vs-restricted-boot/">

  <li id="M201110110">
    <p><a href="https://fsf.org/campaigns/secure-boot-vs-restricted-boot/">
    Mobile devices that come with Windows 8 are tyrants</a>: they block
  users from installing other or modified operating systems.</p></li>
</ul>

<h3 id="subscriptions">Microsoft Subscriptions</h3>

<ul>
<li><p>Microsoft Office forces
      users <a href="https://www.computerworld.com/article/2948755/windows-apps/office-for-windows-10-will-require-office-365-subscription-on-pcs-larger-tablets.html">to
      subscribe to Office 365 to be able to create/edit
      documents</a>.</p> tyrants</a>.</p>
  </li>
</ul>


<p>As this page shows, if you do want to clean your computer of malware,
the first software to delete is Windows.</p>

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