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<h2>Proprietary Surveillance</h2>

<div class="infobox">
<hr class="full-width" />
<p>Nonfree (proprietary) software is very often malware (designed to
mistreat the user). Nonfree software is controlled by its developers,
which puts them in a position of power over the users; <a
href="/philosophy/free-software-even-more-important.html">that is the
basic injustice</a>. The developers and manufacturers often exercise
that power to the detriment of the users they ought to serve.</p>

<div  class="announcement">

<p>This document attempts to
track <strong>clearly established cases of proprietary software that
spies on or tracks users</strong>.</p>

<p><a href="/proprietary/proprietary.html">
   Other examples typically takes the form of proprietary malware</a></p> malicious functionalities.</p>
<hr class="full-width" />
</div>

<div id="surveillance">

<div class="pict medium"> id="surveillance" class="pict">
<a href="/graphics/dog.html">
<img src="/graphics/dog.small.jpg" alt="Cartoon of a dog, wondering at the three ads that popped up on his computer screen..." /></a>
<p>“How did they find out I'm a dog?”</p>
</div>

<div class="toc"> class="article">
<p>A common malicious functionality is to snoop on the user.  This page
records <strong>clearly established cases of proprietary software that
spies on or tracks users</strong>.  Manufacturers even refuse
to <a href="https://techcrunch.com/2018/10/19/smart-home-devices-hoard-data-government-demands/">say
whether they snoop on users for the state</a>.</p>

<p>All appliances and applications that are tethered to a specific
server are snoopers by nature.  We do not list them here because they
have their own page: <a
href="/proprietary/proprietary-tethers.html#about-page">Proprietary
    Tethers</a>.</p>

<p>There is a similar site named <a href="https://spyware.neocities.org">Spyware Watchdog</a> that classifies spyware programs, so that users can be more aware that they are installing spyware.</p>

<div class="important" style="clear: both">
<p>If you know of an example that ought to be in this page but isn't
here, please write
to <a href="mailto:webmasters@gnu.org"><webmasters@gnu.org></a>
to inform us. Please include the URL of a trustworthy reference or two
to serve as specific substantiation.</p>
</div>

<div id="TOC" class="toc-inline">
    <h3 id="TableOfContents">Table of Contents</h3>
  <ul>
    <li><a href="#Introduction">Introduction</a></li>
    <li><a
    <h4><a href="#Introduction">Introduction</a></h4>
    <h4><a href="#OSSpyware">Spyware in Operating Systems</a> Laptops and Desktops</a></h4>
    <ul>
      <li><a href="#SpywareInWindows">Spyware in Windows</a></li> href="#SpywareInWindows">Windows</a></li>
      <li><a href="#SpywareInMacOS">Spyware in MacOS</a></li> href="#SpywareInMacOS">MacOS</a></li>
      <li><a href="#SpywareInAndroid">Spyware in Android</a></li> href="#SpywareInBIOS">BIOS</a></li>
    </ul>
    </li>
    <li><a
    <h4><a href="#SpywareOnMobiles">Spyware on Mobiles</a> Mobiles</a></h4>
    <ul>
      <li><a href="#SpywareIniThings">Spyware in iThings</a></li> href="#SpywareInTelephones">All “Smart” Phones</a></li>
      <li><a href="#SpywareInTelephones">Spyware in href="#SpywareIniThings">iThings</a></li>
      <li><a href="#SpywareInAndroid">Android Telephones</a></li>
      <li><a href="#SpywareInMobileApps">Spyware href="#SpywareInElectronicReaders">E-Readers</a></li>
     </ul>
    <h4><a href="#SpywareInApplications">Spyware in Mobile Applications</a></li> Applications</a></h4>
    <ul>
      <li><a href="#SpywareInToys">Spyware in Toys</a></li>
      </ul>
    </li> href="#SpywareInDesktopApps">Desktop Apps</a></li>
      <li><a href="#SpywareOnSmartWatches">Spyware on Smart Watches</a></li> href="#SpywareInMobileApps">Mobile Apps</a></li>
      <li><a href="#SpywareAtLowLevel">Spyware at Low Level</a>
      <ul> href="#SpywareInSkype">Skype</a></li>
      <li><a href="#SpywareInBIOS">Spyware in BIOS</a></li> href="#SpywareInGames">Games</a></li>
    </ul>
    </li>
    <li><a href="#SpywareAtWork">Spyware at Work</a>
    <h4><a href="#SpywareInEquipment">Spyware in Connected Equipment</a></h4>
    <ul>
      <li><a href="#SpywareInSkype">Spyware in Skype</a></li>
      </ul>
    </li> href="#SpywareInTVSets">TV Sets</a></li>
      <li><a href="#SpywareOnTheRoad">Spyware on the Road</a>
      <ul> href="#SpywareInCameras">Cameras</a></li>
      <li><a href="#SpywareInCameras">Spyware in Cameras</a></li> href="#SpywareInToys">Toys</a></li>
      <li><a href="#SpywareInElectronicReaders">Spyware in e-Readers</a></li> href="#SpywareInDrones">Drones</a></li>
      <li><a href="#SpywareInVehicles">Spyware in Vehicles</a></li>
      </ul>
    </li> href="#SpywareAtHome">Other Appliances</a></li>
      <li><a href="#SpywareAtHome">Spyware at Home</a> href="#SpywareOnWearables">Wearables</a>
        <ul>
          <li><a href="#SpywareInTVSets">Spyware in TV Sets</a></li> href="#SpywareOnSmartWatches">“Smart” Watches</a></li>
        </ul>
      </li>
      <li><a href="#SpywareInGames">Spyware in Games</a></li>
    <li><a href="#SpywareInRecreation">Spyware in Recreation</a></li> href="#SpywareInVehicles">Vehicles</a></li>
      <li><a href="#SpywareInVR">Virtual Reality</a></li>
    </ul>
    <h4><a href="#SpywareOnTheWeb">Spyware on the Web</a> Web</a></h4>
    <ul>
      <li><a href="#SpywareInChrome">Spyware in Chrome</a></li>
        <li><a href="#SpywareInFlash">Spyware in JavaScript and Flash</a></li>
      </ul>
    </li>
    <li><a href="#SpywareInDrones">Spyware in Drones</a></li> href="#SpywareInChrome">Chrome</a></li>
      <li><a href="#SpywareEverywhere">Spyware Everywhere</a></li> href="#SpywareInJavaScript">JavaScript</a></li>
      <li><a href="#SpywareInVR">Spyware In VR</a></li> href="#SpywareInFlash">Flash</a></li>
    </ul>
    <h4><a href="#SpywareInNetworks">Spyware in Networks</a></h4>
</div>

</div>
<div style="clear: left;"></div>

<!-- #Introduction -->

<div class="big-section">
  <h3 id="Introduction">Introduction</h3>
</div>
<div style="clear: left;"></div>

<p>For decades, the Free Software movement has been denouncing the
abusive surveillance machine of
<a href="/proprietary/proprietary.html">proprietary software</a>
companies such as
<a href="/proprietary/malware-microsoft.html">Microsoft</a>
and
<a href="/proprietary/malware-apple.html">Apple</a>.

In the recent years, this tendency to watch people has spread across
industries, not only in the software business, but also in the
hardware.  Moreover, it also spread dramatically away from the
keyboard, in the mobile computing industry, in the office, at home, in
transportation systems, and in the classroom.</p>

<h3

<h4 id="AggregateInfoCollection">Aggregate or anonymized data</h3> data</h4>

<p>Many companies, in their privacy policy, have a clause that claims
they share aggregate, non-personally identifiable information with
third parties/partners. Such claims are worthless, for several
reasons:</p>

<ul>
    <li>They could change the policy at any time.</li>
    <li>They can twist the words by distributing an “aggregate” of
        “anonymized” data which can be reidentified and attributed to
        individuals.</li>
    <li>The raw data they don't normally distribute can be taken by
        data breaches.</li>
    <li>The raw data they don't normally distribute can be taken by
        subpoena.</li>
</ul>

<p>Therefore, we must not be distracted by companies' statements of
what they will <em>do</em> with the data they collect. The wrong is that
they collect it at all.</p>

<h3

<h4 id="LatestAdditions">Latest additions</h3>

<p>Latest additions additions</h4>

<p>Entries in each category are found in reverse chronological order, based
on top under each category.</p>

<!-- #OSSpyware -->
<!-- WEBMASTERS: make sure to place new items the dates of publication of linked articles.
The latest additions are listed on top under each subsection --> the <a
href="/proprietary/proprietary.html#latest">main page</a> of the
Malware section.</p>



<div class="big-section">
  <h3 id="OSSpyware">Spyware in Operating Systems</h3> Laptops and Desktops</h3>
  <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#OSSpyware">#OSSpyware</a>)</span>
</div>
<div style="clear: left;"></div>

<div class="big-subsection">
  <h4 id="SpywareInWindows">Spyware in Windows</h4> id="SpywareInWindows">Windows</h4>
  <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#SpywareInWindows">#SpywareInWindows</a>)</span>
</div>

<ul>
  <li><p>Windows

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M201912160">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2019-12</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Microsoft is <a
    href="https://www.howtogeek.com/442609/confirmed-windows-10-setup-now-prevents-local-account-creation/">tricking
    users to create an account on their network</a> to be able to install
    and use the Windows operating system, which is malware. The account can
    be used for surveillance and/or violating people's rights in many ways,
    such as turning their purchased software to a subscription product.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201712110">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2017-12</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>HP's proprietary operating system <a
    href="http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-42309371">includes a
    proprietary keyboard driver with a key logger in it</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201710134">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2017-10</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Windows 10 telemetry program sends information to Microsoft about
    the user's computer and their use of the computer.</p>

    <p>Furthermore, for users who installed the
    fourth stable build of Windows 10, called the
    “Creators Update,” Windows maximized the
      surveillance<a surveillance <a
    href="https://arstechnica.com/gadgets/2017/10/dutch-privacy-regulator-says-that-windows-10-breaks-the-law">
    by force setting the telemetry mode to “Full”</a>.</p>

    <p>The <a
href="https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/configuration/configure-windows-telemetry-in-your-organization#full-level">
    href="https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/privacy/configure-windows-diagnostic-data-in-your-organization#full-level">
    “Full” telemetry mode</a> allows Microsoft Windows
    engineers to access, among other things, registry keys <a href="https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc939702.aspx">which
    href="https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/previous-versions/windows/it-pro/windows-2000-server/cc939702(v=technet.10)">
    which can contain sensitive information like administrator's login
 password</a>.</p></li>

  <li><p>Windows DRM
    password</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201702020">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2017-02</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>DRM-restricted files <a href="https://yro.slashdot.org/story/17/02/02/231229/windows-drm-protected-files-used-to-decloak-tor-browser-users">can can be used to <a
    href="https://yro.slashdot.org/story/17/02/02/231229/windows-drm-protected-files-used-to-decloak-tor-browser-users">
    identify people browsing through Tor</a>. The vulnerability exists
    only if you use Windows.
  </p></li>

  <li><p>By Windows.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201611240">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2016-11</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>By default, Windows 10 <a
    href="http://betanews.com/2016/11/24/microsoft-shares-windows-10-telemetry-data-with-third-parties">sends
    debugging information to Microsoft, including core dumps</a>. Microsoft
    now distributes them to another company.</p></li>

<li>In company.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201608170.1">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2016-08</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>In order to increase Windows 10's install base, Microsoft <a class="not-a-duplicate" 
    href="https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2016/08/windows-10-microsoft-blatantly-disregards-user-choice-and-privacy-deep-dive">
    blatantly disregards user choice and privacy</a>. privacy</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p><a

  <li id="M201603170">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2016-03</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p><a
    href="https://duo.com/blog/bring-your-own-dilemma-oem-laptops-and-windows-10-security">
    Windows 10 comes with 13 screens of snooping options</a>, all enabled
    by default, and turning them off would be daunting to most users.</p></li>

  <li><p><a href="https://theintercept.com/2015/12/28/recently-bought-a-windows-computer-microsoft-probably-has-your-encryption-key/">
      Microsoft has already backdoored its disk encryption</a>.</p></li>

  <li>It users.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201601050">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2016-01</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>It appears <a
    href="http://www.ghacks.net/2016/01/05/microsoft-may-be-collecting-more-data-than-initially-thought/">
    Windows 10 sends data to Microsoft about what applications are 
      running</a>.</li>
  <li><p>A
    running</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201512280">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2015-12</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Microsoft has <a
    href="https://theintercept.com/2015/12/28/recently-bought-a-windows-computer-microsoft-probably-has-your-encryption-key/">
    backdoored its disk encryption</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201511264">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2015-11</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>A downgrade to Windows 10 deleted surveillance-detection
    applications.  Then another downgrade inserted a general spying
    program.  Users noticed this and complained, so Microsoft renamed it <a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20160407082751/http://www.theregister.co.uk/2015/11/26/microsoft_renamed_data_slurper_reinserted_windows_10/">
    href="https://www.theregister.co.uk/2015/11/26/microsoft_renamed_data_slurper_reinserted_windows_10/">
    to give users the impression it was gone</a>.</p>

    <p>To use proprietary software is to invite such treatment.</p>
  </li>
  <li><p>

  <li id="M201508180">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2015-08</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p><a
    href="https://web.archive.org/web/20150905163414/http://www.pocket-lint.com/news/134954-cortana-is-always-listening-with-new-wake-on-voice-tech-even-when-windows-10-is-sleeping">
    Intel devices will be able to listen for speech all the time, even
    when “off.”</a></p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201508130">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2015-08</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p><a
    href="http://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2015/08/even-when-told-not-to-windows-10-just-cant-stop-talking-to-microsoft/">
    Windows 10 sends identifiable information to Microsoft</a>, even if
    a user turns off its Bing search and Cortana features, and activates
    the privacy-protection settings.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201507300">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2015-07</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Windows 10 <a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20151001035410/https://jonathan.porta.codes/2015/07/30/windows-10-seems-to-have-some-scary-privacy-defaults/">
    href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180923125732/https://jonathan.porta.codes/2015/07/30/windows-10-seems-to-have-some-scary-privacy-defaults/">
    ships with default settings that show no regard for the privacy of
    its users</a>, giving Microsoft the “right” to snoop on
    the users' files, text input, voice input, location info, contacts,
    calendar records and web browsing history, as well as automatically
    connecting the machines to open hotspots and showing targeted ads.</p></li>

  <li><p>
  <a href="http://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2015/08/even-when-told-not-to-windows-10-just-cant-stop-talking-to-microsoft/">
  Windows 10 sends identifiable information to Microsoft</a>, even if a user
  turns off its Bing search and Cortana features, and activates the
  privacy-protection settings.</p></li>

  <li><p> ads.</p>

    <p>We can suppose Microsoft looks at users' files for the US government
    on demand, though the “privacy policy” does not explicitly
    say so. Will it look at users' files for the Chinese government
    on demand?</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201506170">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2015-06</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Microsoft uses Windows 10's “privacy policy”
    to overtly impose a “right” to look at
    users' files at any time. Windows 10 full disk encryption <a href="https://edri.org/microsofts-new-small-print-how-your-personal-data-abused/">
    href="https://edri.org/our-work/microsofts-new-small-print-how-your-personal-data-abused/">
    gives Microsoft a key</a>.</p>

    <p>Thus, Windows is overt malware in regard to surveillance, as in
    other issues.</p>

  <p>We can suppose Microsoft look at users' files for the US government on
  demand, though the “privacy policy” does not explicit say so. Will it
  look at users' files for the Chinese government on demand?</p>

    <p>The unique “advertising ID” for each user enables
    other companies to track the browsing of each specific user.</p>

    <p>It's as if Microsoft has deliberately chosen to make Windows 10
    maximally evil on every dimension; to make a grab for total power
    over anyone that doesn't drop Windows now.</p></li>

  <li><p>It now.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201410040">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2014-10</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>It only gets worse with time.  <a
    href="http://www.techworm.net/2014/10/microsofts-windows-10-permission-watch-every-move.html">
    Windows 10 requires users to give permission for total snooping</a>,
    including their files, their commands, their text input, and their
    voice input.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p><a href="http://www.infoworld.com/article/2611451/microsoft-windows/a-look-at-the-black-underbelly-of-windows-8-1--blue-.html">

  <li id="M201401150">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2014-01</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p id="baidu-ime"><a
    href="https://www.techrepublic.com/blog/asian-technology/japanese-government-warns-baidu-ime-is-spying-on-users/">
    Baidu's Japanese-input and Chinese-input apps spy on users</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201307080">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2013-07</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Spyware in older versions of Windows: <a
    href="https://www.theregister.co.uk/2003/02/28/windows_update_keeps_tabs/">
    Windows Update snoops on the user</a>. <a
    href="https://www.infoworld.com/article/2611451/a-look-at-the-black-underbelly-of-windows-8-1--blue-.html">
    Windows 8.1 snoops on local searches.</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p>And searches</a>. And there's a <a
    href="http://www.marketoracle.co.uk/Article40836.html"> secret NSA
    key in Windows</a>, whose functions we don't know.</p>
  </li>

  <li>HP's proprietary
  operating system <a href="http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-42309371">includes
  a proprietary keyboard driver with a key logger in it</a>.</li>
</ul>


<p>Microsoft's snooping on users did not start with Windows 10.
   There's a lot more <a href="/proprietary/malware-microsoft.html">
   Microsoft malware</a>.</p>


<div class="big-subsection">
  <h4 id="SpywareInMacOS">Spyware in MacOS</h4> id="SpywareInMacOS">MacOS</h4>
  <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#SpywareInMacOS">#SpywareInMacOS</a>)</span>
</div>

<ul>
  <li><p><a href="http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/the-switch/wp/2014/10/30/how-one-mans-private-files-ended-up-on-apples-icloud-without-his-consent/">
      MacOS automatically sends to Apple servers unsaved documents being
      edited</a>. The

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M202011120">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2020-11</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Apple has <a
      href="https://www.schneier.com/blog/archives/2014/10/apple_copies_yo.html?utm_source=twitterfeed&utm_medium=twitter/">
      things you have not decided
    href="https://sneak.berlin/20201112/your-computer-isnt-yours">implemented
    a malware in its computers that imposes surveillance</a> on users
    and reports users' computing to save Apple.</p>

    <p>The reports are even more sensitive than unencrypted and they've been leaking this
    data for two years already. This malware is reporting to Apple what
    user opens what program at what time. It also gives Apple
    power to sabotage users' computing.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201809070">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2018-09</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Adware Doctor, an ad blocker for MacOS, <a
    href="https://www.vice.com/en/article/wjye8x/mac-anti-adware-doctor-app-steals-browsing-history">reports
    the things you have stored in files</a>.</p> user's browsing history</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p>Apple

  <li id="M201411040">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2014-11</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Apple has made various <a
    href="http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/nov/04/apple-data-privacy-icloud">
    MacOS programs send files to Apple servers without asking
    permission</a>.  This exposes the files to Big Brother and perhaps
    to other snoops.</p>

    <p>It also demonstrates how you can't trust proprietary software,
    because even if today's version doesn't have a malicious functionality,
    tomorrow's version might add it. The developer won't remove the
    malfeature unless many users push back hard, and the users can't
    remove it themselves.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p>Various operations in
      <a href="http://lifehacker.com/safari-and-spotlight-can-send-data-to-apple-heres-how-1648453540">
      the latest

  <li id="M201410300">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2014-10</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p> MacOS send reports automatically <a
    href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170831144456/https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-switch/wp/2014/10/30/how-one-mans-private-files-ended-up-on-apples-icloud-without-his-consent/">
    sends to Apple</a> servers.</p> Apple servers unsaved documents being edited</a>. The
    things you have not decided to save are <a
    href="https://www.schneier.com/blog/archives/2014/10/apple_copies_yo.html?utm_source=twitterfeed&utm_medium=twitter/">
    even more sensitive</a> than the things you have stored in files.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p>Apple

  <li id="M201410220">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2014-10</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Apple admits the <a
    href="http://www.intego.com/mac-security-blog/spotlight-suggestions-in-os-x-yosemite-and-ios-are-you-staying-private/">
    spying in a search facility</a>, but there's a lot <a
    href="https://github.com/fix-macosx/yosemite-phone-home"> more snooping
    that Apple has not talked about</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p><a

  <li id="M201410200">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2014-10</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Various operations in <a
    href="http://lifehacker.com/safari-and-spotlight-can-send-data-to-apple-heres-how-1648453540">
    the latest MacOS send reports to Apple</a> servers.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201401100.1">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2014-01</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p><a
    href="http://finance.yahoo.com/blogs/the-exchange/privacy-advocates-worry-over-new-apple-iphone-tracking-feature-161836223.html">
    Spotlight search</a> sends users' search terms to Apple.</p>
  </li>
</ul>


<p>There's a lot more <a href="#SpywareIniThings">iThing spyware</a>, and
<a href="/proprietary/malware-apple.html">Apple malware</a>.</p>


<div class="big-subsection">
  <span id="SpywareAtLowLevel"></span>
  <h4 id="SpywareInAndroid">Spyware in Android</h4> id="SpywareInBIOS">BIOS</h4>
  <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#SpywareInAndroid">#SpywareInAndroid</a>)</span> href="#SpywareInBIOS">#SpywareInBIOS</a>)</span>
</div>

<ul>
<li>
  <p>20 dishonest Android apps
      recorded <a href="https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2017/07/stealthy-google-play-apps-recorded-calls-and-stole-e-mails-and-texts">phone
      calls and sent them and text messages

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M201509220">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2015-09</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p><a
    href="https://www.computerworld.com/article/2984889/lenovo-collects-usage-data-on-thinkpad-thinkcentre-and-thinkstation-pcs.html">
    Lenovo stealthily installed crapware and emails to
      snoopers</a>.</p>

  <p>Google did not intend to make these apps spy; spyware via
    BIOS</a> on Windows installs.  Note that the contrary, it
    worked in various ways to prevent that, and deleted these apps
    after discovering what they did. So we cannot blame Google
    specifically for the snooping of these apps.</p>

  <p>On the other hand, Google redistributes nonfree Android apps, and
    therefore shares specific
    sabotage method Lenovo used did not affect GNU/Linux; also, a
    “clean” Windows install is not really clean since <a
    href="/proprietary/malware-microsoft.html">Microsoft puts in the responsibility for the injustice of their
    being nonfree. It also distributes its
    own nonfree apps, such as
    Google
    Play, <a href="/philosophy/free-software-even-more-important.html">which
      are malicious</a>.</p>

  <p>Could Google have done a better job of preventing apps from
    cheating?  There is no systematic way for Google, or Android
    users, to inspect executable malware</a>.</p>
  </li>
</ul>



<div class="big-section">
  <h3 id="SpywareOnMobiles">Spyware on Mobiles</h3>
  <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#SpywareOnMobiles">#SpywareOnMobiles</a>)</span>
</div>
<div style="clear: left;"></div>

<div class="big-subsection">
  <h4 id="SpywareInTelephones">All “Smart” Phones</h4>
  <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#SpywareInTelephones">#SpywareInTelephones</a>)</span>
</div>

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M202106170">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2021-06</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p><a
    href="https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2021/jun/17/nine-out-of-10-health-apps-harvest-user-data-global-study-shows">Almost
    all proprietary health apps to see what they
    do.</p>

  <p>Google could demand the source code for these apps, harvest users' data</a>, including
    sensitive health information, tracking identifiers, and study the
    source code somehow cookies to determine whether they mistreat
    track user activities. Some of these applications are tracking users in
    various ways. If it did
    across different platforms.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M202102200">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2021-02</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>The proprietary program Clubhouse
    is malware and a good job of this, it could more or less
    prevent privacy disaster. Clubhouse <a
    href="https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2021/feb/20/why-hot-new-social-app-clubhouse-spells-nothing-but-trouble">collects
    people's personal data such snooping, except when as recordings of people's
    conversations</a>, and, as a secondary problem, does not encrypt them,
    which shows a bad security part of the app developers issue.</p>

    <p>A user's unique Clubhouse ID number and chatroom ID are clever
    enough to outsmart transmitted
    in plaintext, and Agora (the company behind the checking.</p>

  <p>But since Google itself develops malicious apps, we cannot trust
    Google app) would likely
    have access to protect us. We must demand release of source code users' raw audio, potentially providing access to
    the
    public, so we can depend on each other.</p>
</li>
<li>
  <p>A
    <a href="https://research.csiro.au/ng/wp-content/uploads/sites/106/2016/08/paper-1.pdf">
      research paper</a> that investigated the privacy and Chinese government.</p>

    <p>Even with good security of 283 Android VPN apps concluded that “in spite data transmission, collecting personal
    data of the
    promises for privacy, security, people is wrong and anonymity given by the
    majority a violation of VPN apps—millions people's privacy rights.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M202101080">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2021-01</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>As of 2021, WhatsApp (one of Facebook's subsidiaries) is <a
    href="https://www.forbes.com/sites/carlypage/2021/01/08/whatsapp-tells-users-share-your-data-with-facebook-or-well-deactivate-your-account/">forcing
    its users may be unawarely subject to poor security guarantees and abusive practices inflicted by
    VPN apps.”</p>

  <p>Following is a non-exhaustive list of proprietary VPN apps from
    the research paper that tracks hand over sensitive personal data</a> to its parent
    company. This increases Facebook's power over users, and infringes the further
    jeopardizes people's privacy and security.</p>

    <p>Instead of
    users:</p>

  <dl>
    <dt>SurfEasy</dt>
    <dd>Includes tracking libraries such as NativeX WhatsApp you can use <a
    href="https://directory.fsf.org/wiki/Jami">GNU Jami</a>, which is
    free software and Appflood,
      meant to track will not collect your data.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M202006260">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2020-06</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Most apps are malware, but
    Trump's campaign app, like Modi's campaign app, is <a
    href="https://www.technologyreview.com/2020/06/21/1004228/trumps-data-hungry-invasive-app-is-a-voter-surveillance-tool-of-extraordinary-scope/">
    especially nasty malware, helping companies snoop on users and show as well
    as snooping on them targeted ads.</dd>

    <dt>sFly Network Booster</dt>
    <dd>Requests the <code>READ_SMS</code> and <code>SEND_SMS</code>
      permissions upon installation, meaning itself</a>.</p>

    <p>The article says that Biden's app has a less manipulative overall
    approach, but that does not tell us whether it has full access to
      users' text messages.</dd>

    <dt>DroidVPN and TigerVPN</dt>
    <dd>Requests functionalities we
    consider malicious, such as sending data the <code>READ_LOGS</code> permission user has not explicitly
    asked to read logs
      for other apps send.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201809121">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2018-09</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Tiny Lab Productions, along with online ad businesses run
    by Google, Twitter and also core system logs. TigerVPN developers
      have confirmed this.</dd>

    <dt>HideMyAss</dt>
    <dd>Sends traffic to LinkedIn. Also, it stores detailed logs three other companies are facing a lawsuit <a
    href="https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2018/09/12/technology/kids-apps-data-privacy-google-twitter.html">for
    violating people's privacy by collecting their data from mobile games
    and may turn them handing over these data to the UK government if
      requested.</dd>

    <dt>VPN Services HotspotShield</dt>
    <dd>Injects JavaScript code into the HTML pages returned to the
      users. The stated purpose other companies/advertisers</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201601110">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2016-01</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>The natural extension of the JS injection monitoring
    people through “their” phones is <a
    href="http://www.northwestern.edu/newscenter/stories/2016/01/fool-activity-tracker.html">
    proprietary software to display
      ads. Uses roughly 5 tracking libraries. Also, it redirects make sure they can't “fool”
    the
      user's traffic through valueclick.com (an advertising
      website).</dd>

    <dt>WiFi Protector VPN</dt>
    <dd>Injects JavaScript code into HTML pages, monitoring</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201510050">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2015-10</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>According to Edward Snowden, <a
    href="http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-34444233">agencies can take over
    smartphones</a> by sending hidden text messages which enable
    them to turn the phones on and also uses
      roughly 5 tracking libraries. Developers of this app have
      confirmed that off, listen to the non-premium version of microphone,
    retrieve geo-location data from the app does
      JavaScript injection for tracking GPS, take photographs, read
    text messages, read call, location and display ads.</dd>
  </dl> web browsing history, and
    read the contact list. This malware is designed to disguise itself
    from investigation.</p>
  </li>
<li>

  <li id="M201311120">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2013-11</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p><a href="http://www.privmetrics.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/wisec2015.pdf">A study
    href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180816030205/http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/privacy-scandal-nsa-can-spy-on-smart-phone-data-a-920971.html">
    The NSA can tap data in 2015</a> found that 90% of the top-ranked gratis
  proprietary Android apps contained recognizable tracking libraries. For 
  the paid proprietary apps, smart phones, including iPhones,
    Android, and BlackBerry</a>.  While there is not much
    detail here, it was only 60%.</p>

  <p>The article confusingly describes gratis apps as “free”,
  but most of them are seems that this does not in fact
  <a href="/philosophy/free-sw.html">free software</a>.
  It also uses operate via
    the ugly word “monetize”. A good replacement
  for universal back door that word is “exploit”; we know nearly always that will fit
  perfectly.</p> all portable
    phones have. It may involve exploiting various bugs.  There are <a
    href="http://www.osnews.com/story/27416/The_second_operating_system_hiding_in_every_mobile_phone">
    lots of bugs in the phones' radio software</a>.</p>
  </li>

<li>
  <p>Apps for BART

  <li id="M201307000">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2013-07</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Portable phones with GPS <a href="https://consumerist.com/2017/05/23/passengers-say-commuter-rail-app-illegally-collects-personal-user-data/">snoop
    href="http://www.aclu.org/government-location-tracking-cell-phones-gps-devices-and-license-plate-readers">
    will send their GPS location on users</a>.</p>
  <p>With free software apps, users could <em>make sure</em> that they don't snoop.</p>
  <p>With proprietary apps, one can only hope that they don't.</p>
</li>

<li>
  <p>A study found 234 Android apps that track remote command, and users by
	<a href="https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/234-android-applications-are-currently-using-ultrasonic-beacons-to-track-users/">listening cannot stop
    them</a>. (The US says it will eventually require all new portable phones
    to ultrasound from beacons placed in stores or played by TV programs</a>.
	</p> have GPS.)</p>
  </li>

<li>
  <p>Pairs of Android apps can collude
</ul>


<div class="big-subsection">
  <h4 id="SpywareIniThings">iThings</h4>
  <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#SpywareIniThings">#SpywareIniThings</a>)</span>
</div>

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M202105240">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2021-05</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p><a
    href="https://www.cpomagazine.com/data-privacy/icloud-data-turned-over-to-chinese-government-conflicts-with-apples-privacy-first-focus/">Apple
    is moving its Chinese customers' iCloud data to transmit users' personal a datacenter controlled
    by the Chinese government</a>. Apple is already storing the encryption
    keys on these servers, obeying Chinese authority, making all Chinese
    user data available to servers. <a href="https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2017/04/when-apps-collude-to-steal-your-data/522177/">A study found
	tens of thousands of pairs that collude</a>.</p> the government.</p>
  </li>

<li>
<p>Google Play intentionally sends app developers

  <li id="M202009183">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2020-09</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Facebook <a
href="http://gadgets.ndtv.com/apps/news/google-play-store-policy-raises-privacy-concerns-331116">
the personal details of
    href="https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-8747541/Facebook-accused-watching-Instagram-users-mobile-cameras.html">snoops
    on Instagram</a> users that install the app</a>.</p>

<p>Merely asking by surreptitously turning on the “consent” device's
    camera.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M202004200">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2020-04</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Apple whistleblower Thomas Le Bonniec reports that Apple
    made a practice of users is not enough
to legitimize actions like this.  At this point, most users have
stopped reading surreptitiously activating the “Terms and Conditions” that spell out
what Siri software to <a
    href="https://www.politico.eu/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/Public-Statement-Siri-recordings-TLB.pdf">
    record users' conversations when they are “consenting” to.  Google should clearly
and honestly identify the information it collects on users, instead
of hiding had not activated Siri</a>.
    This was not just occasional, it was systematic practice.</p>

    <p>His job was to listen to these recordings, in an obscurely worded EULA.</p>

<p>However, a group that made
    transcripts of them. He does not believes that Apple has ceased this
    practice.</p>

    <p>The only reliable way to truly protect people's privacy, we must prevent Google
and other companies from getting this personal information in the first
place!</p>
</li>

  <li>
    <p>Google Play (a component of Android) <a
    href="https://www.extremetech.com/mobile/235594-yes-google-play-is-tracking-you-and-thats-just-the-tip-of-a-very-large-iceberg">
    tracks is, for the users' movements without their permission</a>.</p>

    <p>Even if you disable Google Maps and location tracking, you must
    disable Google Play itself program that
    controls access to completely stop the tracking.  This is
    yet another example of nonfree software pretending microphone to obey the user, decide when it's actually doing something else.  Such a thing would the user has
    “activated” any service, to be almost
    unthinkable with free software.</p>

  </li>
  
  <li><p>More than 73% of the most popular Android apps
  <a href="http://jots.pub/a/2015103001/index.php">share personal,
  behavioral software, and location information</a> of their the
    operating system under it free as well. This way, users with third parties.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p>“Cryptic communication,” unrelated could make
    sure Apple can't listen to the app's functionality,
  was them.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201910131">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2019-10</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Safari occasionally <a href="http://news.mit.edu/2015/data-transferred-android-apps-hiding-1119">
  found
    href="https://blog.cryptographyengineering.com/2019/10/13/dear-apple-safe-browsing-might-not-be-that-safe/">
    sends browsing data from Apple devices in China to the 500 most popular gratis Android apps</a>.</p>

  <p>The article should not have described these apps as
  “free”—they are not free software.  The clear way Tencent Safe
    Browsing service</a>, to say
  “zero price” is “gratis.”</p>

  <p>The article takes for granted check URLs that possibly correspond to
    “fraudulent” websites. Since Tencent collaborates
    with the usual analytics tools are
  legitimate, but is that valid?  Software developers have no right Chinese government, its Safe Browsing black list most certainly
    contains the websites of political opponents. By linking the requests
    originating from single IP addresses, the government can identify
    dissenters in China and Hong Kong, thus endangering their lives.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201905280">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2019-05</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>In spite of Apple's supposed commitment to
  analyze what users are doing or how.  “Analytics” tools
    privacy, iPhone apps contain trackers that snoop are
  just as wrong as any other snooping.</p>
  </li>
  <li><p>Gratis Android apps (but not busy at night <a href="/philosophy/free-sw.html">free software</a>)
      connect
    href="https://www.oregonlive.com/opinion/2019/05/its-3-am-do-you-know-who-your-iphone-is-talking-to.html">
    sending users' personal information to 100
      <a href="http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2015/may/06/free-android-apps-connect-tracking-advertising-websites">tracking third parties</a>.</p>

    <p>The article mentions specific examples: Microsoft OneDrive,
    Intuit's Mint, Nike, Spotify, The Washington Post, The Weather
    Channel (owned by IBM), the crime-alert service Citizen, Yelp
    and advertising</a> URLs,
      on the average.</p>
  </li>
  <li><p>Spyware DoorDash. But it is present in some Android devices when they are sold. likely that most nonfree apps contain
    trackers. Some Motorola phones modify Android to
      <a href="http://www.beneaththewaves.net/Projects/Motorola_Is_Listening.html"> of these send personal personally identifying data to Motorola</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p>Some manufacturers add a
      <a href="http://androidsecuritytest.com/features/logs-and-services/loggers/carrieriq/">
      hidden general surveillance package such as Carrier IQ.</a></p>
  </li>

  <li><p><a href="/proprietary/proprietary-back-doors.html#samsung">
      Samsung's back door</a> provides access to any file on phone
    fingerprint, exact location, email address, phone number or even
    delivery address (in the system.</p> case of DoorDash). Once this information
    is collected by the company, there is no telling what it will be
    used for.</p>
  </li>
</ul>



<!-- #SpywareOnMobiles -->
<!-- WEBMASTERS: make sure to place new items on top under each subsection

  <li id="M201711250">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2017-11</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->

<div class="big-section">
  <h3 id="SpywareOnMobiles">Spyware on Mobiles</h3>
  <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#SpywareOnMobiles">#SpywareOnMobiles</a>)</span>
</div>
<div style="clear: left;"></div>


<div class="big-subsection">
  <h4 id="SpywareIniThings">Spyware in iThings</h4>
  <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#SpywareIniThings">#SpywareIniThings</a>)</span>
</div>

<ul>
  <li><p>The
    <p>The DMCA and the EU Copyright Directive make it <a
    href="https://boingboing.net/2017/11/25/la-la-la-cant-hear-you.html">
    illegal to study how iOS cr...apps cr…apps spy on users</a>, because
    this would require circumventing the iOS DRM.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p>In

  <li id="M201709210">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2017-09</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>In the latest iThings system,
    “turning off” WiFi and Bluetooth the obvious way <a
    href="https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/sep/21/ios-11-apple-toggling-wifi-bluetooth-control-centre-doesnt-turn-them-off">
    doesn't really turn them off</a>.  A more advanced way really does turn
    them off—only until 5am.  That's Apple for you—“We
    know you want to be spied on”.</p>
  </li>
  
  <li><p>Apple

  <li id="M201702150">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2017-02</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Apple proposes <a
    href="https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/feb/15/apple-removing-iphone-home-button-fingerprint-scanning-screen">a
    fingerprint-scanning touch screen</a>
      — which screen</a>—which would mean no way
    to use it without having your fingerprints taken. Users would have
    no way to tell whether the phone is snooping on
      them.</p></li>

  <li><p>iPhones them.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201611170">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2016-11</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>iPhones <a href="https://theintercept.com/2016/11/17/iphones-secretly-send-call-history-to-apple-security-firm-says">send
    href="https://theintercept.com/2016/11/17/iphones-secretly-send-call-history-to-apple-security-firm-says/">send
    lots of personal data to Apple's servers</a>.  Big Brother can get
    them from there.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p>The

  <li id="M201609280">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2016-09</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>The iMessage app on iThings <a
    href="https://theintercept.com/2016/09/28/apple-logs-your-imessage-contacts-and-may-share-them-with-police/">tells
    a server every phone number that the user types into it</a>; the
    server records these numbers for at least 30 days.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p>Users cannot make an Apple ID <a href="http://apple.stackexchange.com/questions/49951/how-can-i-download-free-apps-without-registering-an-apple-idcool">(necessary to install even gratis apps)</a>
      without giving a valid email address and receiving the code Apple
      sends to it.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p>Around 47% of the most popular iOS apps
      <a class="not-a-duplicate" 
	 href="http://jots.pub/a/2015103001/index.php">share personal,
	behavioral and location information</a> of their users with third parties.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p>iThings

  <li id="M201509240">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2015-09</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>iThings automatically upload to Apple's servers all the photos
    and videos they make.</p>

    <blockquote><p> iCloud Photo Library stores every photo and video you
    take, and keeps them up to date on all your devices. Any edits you
    make are automatically updated everywhere. [...] […] </p></blockquote>

    <p>(From <a href="https://www.apple.com/icloud/photos/">Apple's iCloud
    information</a> as accessed on 24 Sep 2015.) The iCloud feature is
    <a href="https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT202033">activated by the
    startup of iOS</a>. The term “cloud” means “please
    don't ask where.”</p>

    <p>There is a way to
    <a href="https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT201104"> deactivate
    iCloud</a>, but it's active by default so it still counts as a
    surveillance functionality.</p>

    <p>Unknown people apparently took advantage of this to <a
    href="https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/sep/01/naked-celebrity-hack-icloud-backup-jennifer-lawrence">get
    nude photos of many celebrities</a>. They needed to break Apple's
    security to get at them, but NSA can access any of them through <a href="/philosophy/surveillance-vs-democracy.html#digitalcash">PRISM</a>.
  </p></li>

  <li><p>Spyware in iThings:
    href="/philosophy/surveillance-vs-democracy.html#digitalcash">PRISM</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201409220">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2014-09</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Apple can, and regularly does, <a
    href="http://arstechnica.com/apple/2014/05/new-guidelines-outline-what-iphone-data-apple-can-give-to-police/">
    remotely extract some data from iPhones for the state</a>.</p>

    <p>This may have improved with <a
    href="https://www.denverpost.com/2014/09/17/apple-will-no-longer-unlock-most-iphones-ipads-for-police/">
    iOS 8 security improvements</a>; but <a
    href="https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2014/09/22/apple-data/">
    not as much as Apple claims</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201407230">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2014-07</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p><a
    href="http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/jul/23/iphone-backdoors-surveillance-forensic-services">
    Several “features” of iOS seem to exist
    for no possible purpose other than surveillance</a>.  Here is the <a
    href="http://www.zdziarski.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/iOS_Backdoors_Attack_Points_Surveillance_Mechanisms_Moved.pdf">
    Technical presentation</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201401100">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2014-01</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>The <a class="not-a-duplicate"
    href="http://finance.yahoo.com/blogs/the-exchange/privacy-advocates-worry-over-new-apple-iphone-tracking-feature-161836223.html">
    iBeacon</a> lets stores determine exactly where the iThing is, and
    get other info too.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p>There

  <li id="M201312300">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2013-12</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p><a
    href="http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2013-12-30/how-nsa-hacks-your-iphone-presenting-dropout-jeep">
    Either Apple helps the NSA snoop on all the data in an iThing, or it
    is totally incompetent</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201308080">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2013-08</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>The iThing also <a
    href="https://www.theregister.co.uk/2013/08/08/ios7_tracking_now_its_a_favourite_feature/">
    tells Apple its geolocation</a> by default, though that can be
    turned off.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201210170">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2012-10</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>There is also a feature for web sites to track users, which is <a
    href="http://nakedsecurity.sophos.com/2012/10/17/how-to-disable-apple-ios-user-tracking-ios-6/">
    enabled by default</a>.  (That article talks about iOS 6, but it is
    still true in iOS 7.)</p>
  </li>

  <li><p>The iThing also
      <a
href="https://web.archive.org/web/20160313215042/http://www.theregister.co.uk/2013/08/08/ios7_tracking_now_its_a_favourite_feature/">
      tells

  <li id="M201204280">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2012-04</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Users cannot make an Apple its geolocation</a> by default, though that can be
      turned off.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p>Apple can, ID (<a
    href="https://apple.stackexchange.com/questions/49951/how-can-i-download-free-apps-without-registering-an-apple-id">necessary
    to install even gratis apps</a>) without giving a valid
    email address and regularly does,
      <a href="http://arstechnica.com/apple/2014/05/new-guidelines-outline-what-iphone-data-apple-can-give-to-police/">
      remotely extract some data from iPhones for receiving the state</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p><a href="http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2013-12-30/how-nsa-hacks-your-iphone-presenting-dropout-jeep">
      Either verification code Apple helps the NSA snoop on all the data in an iThing,
      or it is totally incompetent.</a></p>
  </li>

  <li><p><a href="http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/jul/23/iphone-backdoors-surveillance-forensic-services">
      Several “features” of iOS seem sends
    to exist for no
      possible purpose other than surveillance</a>.  Here is the
      <a href="http://www.zdziarski.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/iOS_Backdoors_Attack_Points_Surveillance_Mechanisms_Moved.pdf">
      Technical presentation</a>.</p> it.</p>
  </li>
</ul>


<div class="big-subsection">
  <h4 id="SpywareInTelephones">Spyware in id="SpywareInAndroid">Android Telephones</h4>
  <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#SpywareInTelephones">#SpywareInTelephones</a>)</span> href="#SpywareInAndroid">#SpywareInAndroid</a>)</span>
</div>

<ul>
  <li><p>Tracking software in popular Android

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M202012070">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2020-12</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Baidu apps were <a
    href="https://www.zdnet.com/article/baidus-android-apps-caught-collecting-sensitive-user-details/">
    caught collecting sensitive personal data</a> that can be used for
    lifetime tracking of users, and putting them in danger. More than 1.4
    billion people worldwide are affected by these proprietary apps, and
    users' privacy is pervasive jeopardized by this surveillance tool. Data collected
    by Baidu may be handed over to the Chinese government, possibly
    putting Chinese people in danger.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M202010120">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2020-10</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Samsung is forcing its smartphone users in Hong Kong (and Macau) <a
    href="https://blog.headuck.com/2020/10/12/samsung-phones-force-mainland-china-dns-service-upon-hong-kong-wifi-users/">to
    use a public DNS in Mainland China</a>, using software update released
    in September 2020, which causes many unease and
      sometimes very clever. Some trackers can privacy concerns.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M202004300">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2020-04</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Xiaomi phones <a
href="https://theintercept.com/2017/11/24/staggering-variety-of-clandestine-trackers-found-in-popular-android-apps/">
      follow
    href="https://www.forbes.com/sites/thomasbrewster/2020/04/30/exclusive-warning-over-chinese-mobile-giant-xiaomi-recording-millions-of-peoples-private-web-and-phone-use/">report
    many actions the user takes</a>: starting an app, looking at a user's movements around folder,
    visiting a physical store by noticing WiFi
      networks</a>.</p> website, listening to a song.  They send device identifying
    information too.</p>

    <p>Other nonfree programs snoop too. For instance, Spotify and
    other streaming dis-services make a dossier about each user, and <a
    href="/malware/proprietary-surveillance.html#M201508210"> they make
    users identify themselves to pay</a>.  Out, out, damned Spotify!</p>

    <p>Forbes exonerates the same wrongs when the culprits are not Chinese,
    but we condemn this no matter who does it.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201812060">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2018-12</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Facebook's app got “consent” to <a
    href="https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/dec/06/facebook-emails-reveal-discussions-over-call-log-consent">
    upload call logs automatically from Android phones</a> while disguising
    what the “consent” was for.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201811230">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2018-11</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>An Android phone was observed to track location even while
    in airplane mode. It didn't send the location data while in
    airplane mode.  Instead, <a
    href="https://www.thesun.co.uk/tech/7811918/google-is-tracking-you-even-with-airplane-mode-turned-on/">
    it saved up the data, and sent them all later</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p>Android

  <li id="M201711210">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2017-11</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Android tracks location for Google <a
    href="https://www.techdirt.com/articles/20171121/09030238658/investigation-finds-google-collected-location-data-even-with-location-services-turned-off.shtml">
    even when “location services” are turned off, even when
    the phone has no SIM card</a>.</p></li>

  <li><p>Some card</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201611150">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2016-11</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Some portable phones <a
    href="http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/kryptowire-discovered-mobile-phone-firmware-that-transmitted-personally-identifiable-information-pii-without-user-consent-or-disclosure-300362844.html">are
    sold with spyware sending lots of data to China</a>.</p></li>

  <li><p>According to Edward Snowden, China</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201609140">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2016-09</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Google Play (a component of Android) <a href="http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-34444233">agencies can take over smartphones</a>
      by sending hidden text messages which enable them to turn
    href="https://www.extremetech.com/mobile/235594-yes-google-play-is-tracking-you-and-thats-just-the-tip-of-a-very-large-iceberg">
    tracks the phones
      on users' movements without their permission</a>.</p>

    <p>Even if you disable Google Maps and off, listen to the microphone, retrieve geo-location data from the
      GPS, take photographs, read text messages, read call, location and web
      browsing history, and read tracking, you must
    disable Google Play itself to completely stop the contact list. tracking.  This malware is designed
    yet another example of nonfree software pretending to
      disguise itself from investigation.</p> obey the user,
    when it's actually doing something else.  Such a thing would be almost
    unthinkable with free software.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p>Samsung

  <li id="M201507030">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2015-07</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Samsung phones come with <a
    href="http://arstechnica.com/gadgets/2015/07/samsung-sued-for-loading-devices-with-unremovable-crapware-in-china/">apps
    that users can't delete</a>, and they send so much data that their
    transmission is a substantial expense for users.  Said transmission,
    not wanted or requested by the user, clearly must constitute spying
    of some
      kind.</p></li>

  <li><p>A Motorola phone
      <a href="http://www.itproportal.com/2013/07/25/motorolas-new-x8-arm-chip-underpinning-the-always-on-future-of-android/">
      listens for voice all kind.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201403120">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2014-03</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p><a href="/proprietary/proprietary-back-doors.html#samsung">
    Samsung's back door</a> provides access to any file on the time</a>.</p> system.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p>Spyware

  <li id="M201308010">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2013-08</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Spyware in Android phones (and Windows? laptops): The Wall Street
    Journal (in an article blocked from us by a paywall) reports that <a
    href="http://www.theverge.com/2013/8/1/4580718/fbi-can-remotely-activate-android-and-laptop-microphones-reports-wsj">
    the FBI can remotely activate the GPS and microphone in Android phones
    and laptops</a>.
      (I suspect this means laptops</a> (presumably Windows laptops.) laptops).  Here is <a
    href="http://cryptome.org/2013/08/fbi-hackers.htm">more info</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p>Portable phones with GPS will send their GPS location on
      remote command and users cannot stop them:

  <li id="M201307280">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2013-07</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Spyware is present in some Android devices when they are
    sold.  Some Motorola phones, made when this company was owned
    by Google, use a modified version of Android that <a href="http://www.aclu.org/government-location-tracking-cell-phones-gps-devices-and-license-plate-readers">
      http://www.aclu.org/government-location-tracking-cell-phones-gps-devices-and-license-plate-readers</a>.
      (The US says it will eventually require all new portable phones
    href="http://www.beneaththewaves.net/Projects/Motorola_Is_Listening.html">
    sends personal data to have GPS.)</p> Motorola</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p>The nonfree Snapchat app's principal purpose

  <li id="M201307250">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2013-07</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>A Motorola phone <a
    href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170629175629/http://www.itproportal.com/2013/07/25/motorolas-new-x8-arm-chip-underpinning-the-always-on-future-of-android/">
    listens for voice all the time</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201302150">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2013-02</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Google Play intentionally sends app developers <a
    href="http://gadgets.ndtv.com/apps/news/google-play-store-policy-raises-privacy-concerns-331116">
    the personal details of users that install the app</a>.</p>

    <p>Merely asking the “consent” of users is not enough to restrict
    legitimize actions like this.  At this point, most users have stopped
    reading the use of data on “Terms and Conditions” that spell out what
    they are “consenting” to.  Google should clearly and
    honestly identify the user's computer, but information it does surveillance
      too: <a href="http://www.theguardian.com/media/2013/dec/27/snapchat-may-be-exposed-hackers"> collects on users, instead of
    hiding it tries in an obscurely worded EULA.</p>

    <p>However, to get the user's list of other truly protect people's phone
      numbers.</a></p> privacy, we must prevent Google
    and other companies from getting this personal information in the
    first place!</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201111170">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2011-11</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Some manufacturers add a <a
    href="http://androidsecuritytest.com/features/logs-and-services/loggers/carrieriq/">
    hidden general surveillance package such as Carrier IQ</a>.</p>
  </li>
</ul>


<div class="big-subsection">
  <h4 id="SpywareInMobileApps">Spyware in Mobile Applications</h4> id="SpywareInElectronicReaders">E-Readers</h4>
  <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#SpywareInMobileApps">#SpywareInMobileApps</a>)</span> href="#SpywareInElectronicReaders">#SpywareInElectronicReaders</a>)</span>
</div>

<ul>
  <li>
    <p>The moviepass app

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M201603080">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2016-03</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>E-books can contain JavaScript code, and dis-service spy <a
    href="http://www.theguardian.com/books/2016/mar/08/men-make-up-their-minds-about-books-faster-than-women-study-finds">
    sometimes this code snoops on users even more than users
      expected. It readers</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201410080">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2014-10</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Adobe made “Digital Editions,”
    the e-reader used by most US libraries, <a href="https://techcrunch.com/2018/03/05/moviepass-ceo-proudly-says-the-app-tracks-your-location-before-and-after-movies/">records
        where they travel before and after going
    href="https://web.archive.org/web/20141220181015/http://www.computerworlduk.com/blogs/open-enterprise/drm-strikes-again-3575860/">
    send lots of data to a movie</a>.
    </p>

    <p>Don't be tracked — pay cash!</p> Adobe</a>.  Adobe's “excuse”: it's
    needed to check DRM!</p>
  </li>

  <li><p>AI-powered driving apps can

  <li id="M201212030">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2012-12</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Spyware in many e-readers—not only the Kindle: <a href="https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/43nz9p/ai-powered-driving-apps-can-track-your-every-move">
    track your every move</a>.</p>
    href="https://www.eff.org/pages/reader-privacy-chart-2012"> they
    report even which page the user reads at what time</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p>The Sarahah app 
      <a href="https://theintercept.com/2017/08/27/hit-app-sarahah-quietly-uploads-your-address-book/">
      uploads all phone numbers and email addresses</a>
</ul>



<div class="big-section">
  <h3 id="SpywareInApplications">Spyware in user's address
      book to developer's server.  Note Applications</h3>
  <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#SpywareInApplications">#SpywareInApplications</a>)</span>
</div>
<div style="clear: left;"></div>

<div class="big-subsection">
  <h4 id="SpywareInDesktopApps">Desktop Apps</h4>
  <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#SpywareInDesktopApps">#SpywareInDesktopApps</a>)</span>
</div>

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M202011260">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2020-11</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Microsoft's Office 365 suite enables employers <a
    href="https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2020/nov/26/microsoft-productivity-score-feature-criticised-workplace-surveillance">to
    snoop on each employee</a>. After
    a public outburst, Microsoft stated that <a
    href="https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2020/dec/02/microsoft-apologises-productivity-score-critics-derided-workplace-surveillance">it
    would remove this article misuses the words
      “<a href="/philosophy/free-sw.html">free software</a>”
      referring to zero price.</p> capability</a>. Let's hope so.</p>
  </li>
  
  <li>
    <p>Facebook's app listens all the time,

  <li id="M201912190">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2019-12</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Some Avast and AVG extensions
    for Firefox and Chrome were found to <a href="http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/gadgets-and-tech/news/facebook-using-people-s-phones-to-listen-in-on-what-they-re-saying-claims-professor-a7057526.html">to
    href="https://www.itpro.co.uk/security/internet-security/354417/avast-and-avg-extensions-pulled-from-chrome">
    snoop on what people users' detailed browsing habits</a>. Mozilla and Google
    removed the problematic extensions from their stores, but this shows
    once more how unsafe nonfree software can be. Tools that are listening supposed
    to or watching</a>. In addition, protect a proprietary system are, instead, infecting it may
    be analyzing people's conversations to serve them with targeted
    advertisements.</p>
	</li>

  <li>
		<p>Faceapp appears to do lots of surveillance, judging by 
    <a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-intersect/wp/2017/04/26/everything-thats-wrong-with-faceapp-the-latest-creepy-photo-app-for-your-face/">
		how much access it demands to personal data in
    additional malware (the system itself being the device</a>.
		</p> original malware).</p>
  </li>

  <li>
   <p>Verizon

  <li id="M201811020">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2018-11</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Foundry's graphics software <a href="https://yro.slashdot.org/story/17/03/30/0112259/verizon-to-force-appflash-spyware-on-android-phones">
	 announced an opt-in proprietary search app
    href="https://torrentfreak.com/software-company-fines-pirates-after-monitoring-their-computers-181102/">
    reports information to identify who is running it</a>. The result is
    often a legal threat demanding a lot of money.</p>

    <p>The fact that this is used for repression of forbidden sharing
    makes it will</a>
	 pre-install on some even more vicious.</p>

    <p>This illustrates that making unauthorized copies of its phones. The app will give Verizon nonfree software
    is not a cure for the same
   information about injustice of nonfree software. It may avoid
    paying for the nasty thing, but cannot make it less nasty.</p>
  </li>
</ul>

<div class="big-subsection">
  <h4 id="SpywareInMobileApps">Mobile Apps</h4>
  <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#SpywareInMobileApps">#SpywareInMobileApps</a>)</span>
</div>

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M202106030">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2021-06</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p><a
    href="https://techcrunch.com/2021/06/03/tiktok-just-gave-itself-permission-to-collect-biometric-data-on-u-s-users-including-faceprints-and-voiceprints/">TikTok
    apps collect biometric identifiers and biometric information from
    users' searches that Google normally gets when
   they use its search engine.</p>

   <p>Currently, the app is smartphones</a>. The company behind it does whatever it wants
    and collects whatever data it can.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M202104060">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2021-04</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>The <a href="https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2017/04/update-verizons-appflash-pre-installed-spyware-still-spyware">
    being pre-installed on only one phone</a>,
    href="https://www.wired.com/story/weddings-social-media-apps-photos-memories-miscarriage-problem/">WeddingWire
    app saves people's wedding photos forever and the
    user must explicitly opt-in before the hands over data
    to others</a>, giving users no control over their personal 
    information/data. The app takes effect. However, also sometimes shows old photos and
    memories to users, without giving them any control over this
    either.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M202102010">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2021-02</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Many cr…apps, developed by various
    companies for various organizations, do <a
    href="https://www.expressvpn.com/digital-security-lab/investigation-xoth">
    location tracking unknown to those companies and those
    organizations</a>.  It's actually some widely used libraries that do
    the
    app remains spyware—an “optional” piece of spyware tracking.</p>

    <p>What's unusual here is
    still spyware.</p> that proprietary software developer A tricks
    proprietary software developers B1 … B50 into making platforms for
    A to mistreat the end user.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p>The Meitu photo-editing
  app

  <li id="M202003260">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2020-03</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>The Apple iOS version of Zoom <a href="https://theintercept.com/2017/01/21/popular-selfie-app-sending-user-data-to-china-researchers-say/">sends
  user
    href="https://www.vice.com/en/article/k7e599/zoom-ios-app-sends-data-to-facebook-even-if-you-dont-have-a-facebook-account">is
    sending users' data to Facebook</a> even if the user doesn't have
    a Chinese company</a>.</p></li>

  <li><p>A pregnancy test controller application not only
  can <a href="http://www.theverge.com/2016/4/25/11503718/first-response-pregnancy-pro-test-bluetooth-app-security">spy Facebook account. According to the article, Zoom and Facebook
    don't even mention this surveillance on many sorts their privacy policy page,
    making this an obvious violation of data people's privacy even in their
    own terms.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M202003010">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2020-03</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>The Alipay Health Code app
    estimates whether the phone, user has Covid-19 and in server accounts, it can
  alter them too</a>.
  </p></li>

  <li><p>The Uber app tracks <a href="https://techcrunch.com/2016/11/28/uber-background-location-data-collection/">clients'
        movements before and after the ride</a>.</p>

        <p>This example illustrates how “getting
    href="https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/01/business/china-coronavirus-surveillance.html">
    tells the user's consent”
        for cops directly</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M202001290">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2020-01</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>The Amazon Ring app does <a
    href="https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2020/jan/29/ring-smart-doorbell-company-surveillance-eff-report">
    surveillance is inadequate for other companies as a protection against massive
        surveillance.</p> well as for Amazon</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p>Google's new voice

  <li id="M201912220">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2019-12</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>The ToToc messaging app seems to be a <a href="http://www.theverge.com/2016/9/21/12994362/allo-privacy-message-logs-google">logs
      all conversations</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p>Apps
    href="https://www.nytimes.com/2019/12/22/us/politics/totok-app-uae.html">
    spying tool for the government of the United Arab Emirates</a>.
    Any nonfree program could be doing this, and that include 
      <a href="http://techaeris.com/2016/01/13/symphony-advanced-media-software-tracks-your-digital-life-through-your-smartphone-mic/">
      Symphony surveillance is a good
    reason to use free software snoop on what radio instead.</p>

    <p><small>Note: this article uses the word “free” in
    the sense of “gratis.”</small></p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201912090">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2019-12</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>iMonsters and TV programs 
      are playing nearby</a>.  Also on what users post Android phones,
    when used for work, give employers powerful <a
    href="https://www.fastcompany.com/90440073/if-you-use-your-personal-phone-for-work-say-goodbye-to-your-privacy">
    snooping and sabotage capabilities</a> if they install their own
    software on various sites 
      such the device.  Many employers demand to do this.  For the
    employee, this is simply nonfree software, as Facebook, Google+ fundamentally unjust
    and Twitter.</p> as dangerous as any other nonfree software.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p>Facebook's new Magic Photo

  <li id="M201910130">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2019-10</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>The Chinese Communist Party's “Study
    the Great Nation” app requires users to grant it <a
href="https://web.archive.org/web/20160605165148/http://www.theregister.co.uk/2015/11/10/facebook_scans_camera_for_your_friends/">
scans your mobile
    href="https://www.ndtv.com/world-news/chinese-app-allows-officials-access-to-100-million-users-phone-report-2115962">
    access to the phone's photo collections for known faces</a>, microphone, photos, text messages, contacts, and
    internet history</a>, and suggests you to share the picture you take according Android version was found to who
      is contain a
    back-door allowing developers to run any code they wish in the frame.</p>

      <p>This spyware feature seems to require online access to users'
    phone, as “superusers.” Downloading and using this
    app is mandatory at some
      known-faces database, which means workplaces.</p>

    <p>Note: The <a
    href="http://web-old.archive.org/web/20191015005153/https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/chinese-app-on-xis-ideology-allows-data-access-to-100-million-users-phones-report-says/2019/10/11/2d53bbae-eb4d-11e9-bafb-da248f8d5734_story.html">
    Washington Post version of the pictures are likely article</a> (partly obfuscated, but
    readable after copy-pasting in a text editor) includes a clarification
    saying that the tests were only performed on the Android version
    of the app, and that, according to Apple, “this kind of
    ‘superuser’ surveillance could not be
      sent across conducted on
    Apple's operating system.”</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201909091">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2019-09</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>The Facebook app <a
    href="https://eu.usatoday.com/story/tech/talkingtech/2019/09/09/facebook-app-social-network-tracking-your-every-move/2270305001/">
    tracks users even when it is turned off</a>, after tricking them
    into giving the wire app broad permissions in order to Facebook's servers use one of its
    functionalities.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201909090">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2019-09</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Some nonfree period-tracking apps including MIA Fem and face-recognition
      algorithms.</p>

      <p>If so, none Maya <a
    href="https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/meghara/period-tracker-apps-facebook-maya-mia-fem">
    send intimate details of Facebook users' pictures are private
      anymore, even if the user didn't “upload” them lives to the service.</p> Facebook</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p>Like most “music screaming” disservices, Spotify

  <li id="M201909060">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2019-09</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Keeping track of who downloads a proprietary
    program is based on a form of surveillance.  There is a
    proprietary malware (DRM and snooping). In August
      2015 it program for adjusting a certain telescopic rifle sight. <a
href="http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2015/aug/21/spotify-faces-user-backlash-over-new-privacy-policy">
    href="https://www.forbes.com/sites/thomasbrewster/2019/09/06/exclusive-feds-demand-apple-and-google-hand-over-names-of-10000-users-of-a-gun-scope-app/">
    A US prosecutor has demanded users submit the list of all the 10,000 or more people
    who have installed it</a>.</p>

    <p>With a free program there would not be a list of who has installed
    it.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201907081">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2019-07</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Many unscrupulous mobile-app developers keep finding ways to increased snooping</a>, <a
    href="https://www.cnet.com/tech/mobile/more-than-1000-android-apps-harvest-your-data-even-after-you-deny-permissions/">
    bypass user's settings</a>, regulations, and some
      are starting to realize that it is nasty.</p>

      <p>This article shows privacy-enhancing features
    of the <a
href="https://web.archive.org/web/20160313214751/http://www.theregister.co.uk/2015/08/21/spotify_worse_than_the_nsa/">
      twisted ways that they present snooping as a way operating system, in order to “serve” users better</a>—never mind
      whether gather as much private data as
    they want that. This possibly can.</p>

    <p>Thus, we can't trust rules against spying.  What we can trust is a typical example of
      the attitude of
    having control over the proprietary software industry towards
      those they have subjugated.</p>

      <p>Out, out, damned Spotify!</p> we run.</p>
  </li>
  <li><p>Many proprietary apps for mobile devices report which other

  <li id="M201907080">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2019-07</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Many Android apps can track
    users' movements even when the user has
    installed. says <a href="http://techcrunch.com/2014/11/26/twitter-app-graph/">Twitter
    is doing this
    href="https://www.theverge.com/2019/7/8/20686514/android-covert-channel-permissions-data-collection-imei-ssid-location">
    not to allow them access to locations</a>.</p>

    <p>This involves an apparently unintentional weakness in a way that at least is visible and
    optional</a>. Not as bad as what the others do.</p> Android,
    exploited intentionally by malicious apps.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p>FTC says most mobile apps for children don't respect privacy:

  <li id="M201905300">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2019-05</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>The Femm “fertility” app is secretly a <a href="http://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2012/12/ftc-disclosures-severely-lacking-in-kids-mobile-appsand-its-getting-worse/">
      http://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2012/12/ftc-disclosures-severely-lacking-in-kids-mobile-appsand-its-getting-worse/</a>.</p>
    href="https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/may/30/revealed-womens-fertility-app-is-funded-by-anti-abortion-campaigners">
    tool for propaganda</a> by natalist Christians.  It spreads distrust
    for contraception.</p>

    <p>It snoops on users, too, as you must expect from nonfree
    programs.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p>Widely used

  <li id="M201905060">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2019-05</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>BlizzCon 2019 imposed a <a href="https://freedom-to-tinker.com/blog/kollarssmith/scan-this-or-scan-me-user-privacy-barcode-scanning-applications/">proprietary
      QR-code scanner apps
    href="https://arstechnica.com/gaming/2019/05/blizzcon-2019-tickets-revolve-around-invasive-poorly-reviewed-smartphone-app/">
    requirement to run a proprietary phone app</a> to be allowed into
    the event.</p>

    <p>This app is a spyware that can snoop on a lot of
    sensitive data, including user's location and contact list, and has <a
    href="https://old.reddit.com/r/wow/comments/bkd5ew/you_need_to_have_a_phone_to_attend_blizzcon_this/emg38xv/">
    near-complete control</a> over the user</a>. This phone.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201904131">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2019-04</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Data collected by menstrual and pregnancy monitoring apps is in addition often <a
    href="https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/apr/13/theres-a-dark-side-to-womens-health-apps-menstrual-surveillance">
    available to
      the snooping done by the phone company, employers and perhaps by insurance companies</a>. Even though the OS in the
      phone.</p>

      <p>Don't
    data is “anonymized and aggregated,” it can easily be distracted by
    traced back to the question of whether woman who uses the app developers get
      users app.</p>

    <p>This has harmful implications for women's rights to say “I agree”. That equal employment
    and freedom to make their own pregnancy choices. Don't use
    these apps, even if someone offers you a reward to do so. A
    free-software app that does more or less the same thing without
    spying on you is no excuse available from <a
    href="https://search.f-droid.org/?q=menstr">F-Droid</a>, and <a
    href="https://dcs.megaphone.fm/BLM6228935164.mp3?key=7e4b8f7018d13cdc2b5ea6e5772b6b8f">
    a new one is being developed</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201904130">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2019-04</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Google tracks the movements of Android phones and iPhones
    running Google apps, and sometimes <a
    href="https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2019/04/13/us/google-location-tracking-police.html">
    saves the data for malware.</p> years</a>.</p>

    <p>Nonfree software in the phone has to be responsible for sending
    the location data to Google.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p>The Brightest Flashlight app

  <li id="M201903251">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2019-03</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Many Android phones come with a huge number of <a href="http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2013/dec/06/android-app-50m-downloads-sent-data-advertisers">
      sends user
    href="https://elpais.com/elpais/2019/03/22/inenglish/1553244778_819882.html">
    preinstalled nonfree apps that have access to sensitive data without
    users' knowledge</a>. These hidden apps may either call home with
    the data, including geolocation, for use by companies.</a></p>

      <p>The FTC criticized this app because or pass it asked on to user-installed apps that have access to
    the network but no direct access to the data. This results in massive
    surveillance on which the user has absolutely no control.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201903201">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2019-03</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>A study of 24 “health” apps found that 19 of them <a
    href="https://www.vice.com/en/article/pan9e8/health-apps-can-share-your-data-everywhere-new-study-shows">
    send sensitive personal data to
      approve sending third parties</a>, which can use it
    for invasive advertising or discriminating against people in poor
    medical condition.</p>

    <p>Whenever user “consent” is sought, it is buried in
    lengthy terms of service that are difficult to understand. In any case,
    “consent” is not sufficient to legitimize snooping.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201902230">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2019-02</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Facebook offered a convenient proprietary
    library for building mobile apps, which also <a
    href="https://boingboing.net/2019/02/23/surveillance-zucksterism.html">
    sent personal data to Facebook</a>. Lots of companies built apps that
    way and released them, apparently not realizing that all the app developer but did personal
    data they collected would go to Facebook as well.</p>

    <p>It shows that no one can trust a nonfree program, not
      ask about sending it even the
    developers of other nonfree programs.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201902140">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2019-02</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>The AppCensus database gives information on <a
    href="https://www.appcensus.mobi"> how Android apps use and
    misuse users' personal data</a>. As of March 2019, nearly
    78,000 have been analyzed, of which 24,000 (31%) transmit the <a
    href="/proprietary/proprietary-surveillance.html#M201812290">
    Advertising ID</a> to other companies. companies, and <a
    href="https://blog.appcensus.mobi/2019/02/14/ad-ids-behaving-badly/">
    18,000 (23% of the total) link this ID to hardware identifiers</a>,
    so that users cannot escape tracking by resetting it.</p>

    <p>Collecting hardware identifiers is in apparent violation of
    Google's policies. But it seems that Google wasn't aware of it,
    and, once informed, was in no hurry to take action. This shows proves
    that the
      weakness policies of a development platform are ineffective at
    preventing nonfree software developers from including malware in
    their programs.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201902060">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2019-02</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Many nonfree apps have a surveillance feature for <a
    href="https://techcrunch.com/2019/02/06/iphone-session-replay-screenshots/">
    recording all the reject-it-if-you-dislike-snooping
      “solution” users' actions</a> in interacting with the app.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201902041.1">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2019-02</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Twenty nine “beauty camera” apps that used to surveillance: why
    be on Google Play had one or more malicious functionalities, such as <a
    href="https://www.teleanalysis.com/these-29-beauty-camera-apps-steal-private-photo/">
    stealing users' photos</a> instead of “beautifying” them,
    pushing unwanted and often malicious ads on users, and redirecting
    them to phishing sites that stole their credentials. Furthermore,
    the user interface of most of them was designed to make uninstallation
    difficult.</p>

    <p>Users should of course uninstall these dangerous apps if they
    haven't yet, but they should also stay away from nonfree apps in
    general. <em>All</em> nonfree apps carry a flashlight
      app send any information to anyone?  A free software flashlight
      app would not.</p> potential risk because
    there is no easy way of knowing what they really do.</p>
  </li>
</ul>

<div class="big-subsection">
  <h4 id="SpywareInToys">Spyware

  <li id="M201902010">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2019-02</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>An investigation of the 150 most popular
    gratis VPN apps in Toys</h4>
  <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#SpywareInToys">#SpywareInToys</a>)</span>
</div>

<ul>

  <li>
    <p>A remote-control sex toy was Google Play found that <a
    href="https://www.top10vpn.com/free-vpn-android-app-risk-index/">
    25% fail to make protect their users' privacy</a> due to DNS leaks. In
    addition, 85% feature intrusive permissions or functions in their
    source code—often used for invasive advertising—that could
    potentially also be used to spy on users. Other technical flaws were
    found as well.</p>

    <p>Moreover, a previous investigation had found that <a href="https://www.theverge.com/2017/11/10/16634442/lovense-sex-toy-spy-survei">audio recordings
    href="https://www.top10vpn.com/free-vpn-app-investigation/">half of
    the conversation between two users</a>.</p> top 10 gratis VPN apps have lousy privacy policies</a>.</p>

    <p><small>(It is unfortunate that these articles talk about “free
    apps.” These apps are gratis, but they are <em>not</em> <a
    href="/philosophy/free-sw.html">free software</a>.)</small></p>
  </li>

  <li>

  <li id="M201901050">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2019-01</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>The “smart” toys My Friend Cayla and i-Que transmit Weather Channel app <a href="https://www.forbrukerradet.no/siste-nytt/connected-toys-violate-consumer-laws">children's conversations
    href="https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/jan/04/weather-channel-app-lawsuit-location-data-selling">
    stored users' locations to Nuance Communications</a>,
      a speech recognition the company's server</a>. The company based in is
    being sued, demanding that it notify the U.S.</p>

    <p>Those toys also contain major security vulnerabilities; crackers
      can remotely control users of what it will do
    with the toys data.</p>

    <p>We think that lawsuit is about a side issue. What the company does
    with the data is a mobile phone. This would
      enable crackers secondary issue. The principal wrong here is that
    the company gets that data at all.</p>

    <p><a
    href="https://www.vice.com/en/article/gy77wy/stop-using-third-party-weather-apps">
    Other weather apps</a>, including Accuweather and WeatherBug, are
    tracking people's locations.</p> 
  </li>

  <li id="M201812290">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2018-12</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Around 40% of gratis Android apps <a
    href="https://privacyinternational.org/report/2647/how-apps-android-share-data-facebook-report">
    report on the user's actions to listen Facebook</a>.</p>

    <p>Often they send the machine's “advertising ID,” so that
    Facebook can correlate the data it obtains from the same machine via
    various apps. Some of them send Facebook detailed information about
    the user's activities in on a child's speech, and even speak
      into the toys themselves.</p> app; others only say that the user is
    using that app, but that alone is often quite informative.</p>

    <p>This spying occurs regardless of whether the user has a Facebook
    account.</p>
  </li>

  <li>
    <p>A computerized vibrator

  <li id="M201810244">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2018-10</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Some Android apps <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2016/aug/10/vibrator-phone-app-we-vibe-4-plus-bluetooth-hack">
	was snooping
    href="https://www.androidauthority.com/apps-uninstall-trackers-917539/amp/">
    track the phones of users that have deleted them</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201808030">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2018-08</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Some Google apps on its Android <a
    href="https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/aug/13/google-location-tracking-android-iphone-mobile">
    record the user's location even when users through disable “location
    tracking”</a>.</p>

    <p>There are other ways to turn off the proprietary control app</a>.</p> other kinds of location
    tracking, but most users will be tricked by the misleading control.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201806110">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2018-06</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>The Spanish football streaming app was reporting <a
    href="https://boingboing.net/2018/06/11/spanish-football-app-turns-use.html">tracks
    the temperature of user's movements and listens through the vibrator minute by
      minute (thus, indirectly, whether microphone</a>.</p>

    <p>This makes them act as spies for licensing enforcement.</p>

    <p>We expect it was surrounded by implements DRM, too—that there is no way to save
    a person's
      body), as well as recording. But we can't be sure from the vibration frequency.</p>
    
    <p>Note article.</p>

    <p>If you learn to care much less about sports, you will benefit in
    many ways. This is one more.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201804160">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2018-04</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>More than <a
    href="https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/apr/16/child-apps-games-android-us-google-play-store-data-sharing-law-privacy">50%
    of the totally inadequate proposed response: a labeling
      standard with which manufacturers would make statements 5,855 Android apps studied by researchers were found to snoop
    and collect information about its users</a>.  40% of the apps were
    found to insecurely snitch on its users.  Furthermore, they could
    detect only some methods of snooping, in these proprietary apps whose
    source code they cannot look at.  The other apps might be snooping
    in other ways.</p>

    <p>This is evidence that proprietary apps generally work against
    their products, rather than users.  To protect their privacy and freedom, Android users
    need to get rid of the proprietary software—both proprietary
    Android by <a href="https://replicant.us">switching to Replicant</a>,
    and the proprietary apps by getting apps from the free software
    only <a href="https://f-droid.org/">F-Droid store</a> that <a
    href="https://f-droid.org/wiki/page/Antifeatures"> prominently warns
    the user if an app contains anti-features</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201804020">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2018-04</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Grindr collects information about <a
    href="https://www.commondreams.org/news/2018/04/02/egregious-breach-privacy-popular-app-grindr-supplies-third-parties-users-hiv-status">
    which users could are HIV-positive, then provides the information to
    companies</a>.</p>

    <p>Grindr should not have
      checked so much information about its users.
    It could be designed so that users communicate such info to each
    other but not to the server's database.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201803050">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2018-03</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>The moviepass app and changed.</p> dis-service
    spy on users even more than users expected. It <a
    href="https://techcrunch.com/2018/03/05/moviepass-ceo-proudly-says-the-app-tracks-your-location-before-and-after-movies/">records
    where they travel before and after going to a movie</a>.</p>

    <p>Don't be tracked—pay cash!</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201711240">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2017-11</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Tracking software in popular Android apps
    is pervasive and sometimes very clever. Some trackers can <a
    href="https://theintercept.com/2017/11/24/staggering-variety-of-clandestine-trackers-found-in-popular-android-apps/">
    follow a user's movements around a physical store by noticing WiFi
    networks</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201708270">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2017-08</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>The company Sarahah app <a
    href="https://theintercept.com/2017/08/27/hit-app-sarahah-quietly-uploads-your-address-book/">
    uploads all phone numbers and email addresses</a> in user's address
    book to developer's server.</p>

    <p><small>(Note that made this article misuses the vibrator words
    “<a href="/philosophy/free-sw.html">free software</a>”
    referring to zero price.)</small></p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201707270">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2017-07</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>20 dishonest Android apps recorded <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2016/sep/14/wevibe-sex-toy-data-collection-chicago-lawsuit">
	was sued
    href="https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2017/07/stealthy-google-play-apps-recorded-calls-and-stole-e-mails-and-texts">phone
    calls and sent them and text messages and emails to snoopers</a>.</p>

    <p>Google did not intend to make these apps spy; on the contrary, it
    worked in various ways to prevent that, and deleted these apps after
    discovering what they did. So we cannot blame Google specifically
    for collecting the snooping of these apps.</p>

    <p>On the other hand, Google redistributes nonfree Android apps, and
    therefore shares in the responsibility for the injustice of their being
    nonfree. It also distributes its own nonfree apps, such as Google Play,
    <a href="/philosophy/free-software-even-more-important.html">which
    are malicious</a>.</p>

    <p>Could Google have done a better job of preventing apps from
    cheating? There is no systematic way for Google, or Android users,
    to inspect executable proprietary apps to see what they do.</p>

    <p>Google could demand the source code for these apps, and study
    the source code somehow to determine whether they mistreat users in
    various ways. If it did a good job of this, it could more or less
    prevent such snooping, except when the app developers are clever
    enough to outsmart the checking.</p>

    <p>But since Google itself develops malicious apps, we cannot trust
    Google to protect us. We must demand release of source code to the
    public, so we can depend on each other.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201705230">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2017-05</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Apps for BART <a
    href="https://web.archive.org/web/20171124190046/https://consumerist.com/2017/05/23/passengers-say-commuter-rail-app-illegally-collects-personal-user-data/">
    snoop on users</a>.</p>

    <p>With free software apps, users could <em>make sure</em> that they
    don't snoop.</p>

    <p>With proprietary apps, one can only hope that they don't.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201705040">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2017-05</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>A study found 234 Android apps that track users by <a
    href="https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/234-android-applications-are-currently-using-ultrasonic-beacons-to-track-users/">listening
    to ultrasound from beacons placed in stores or played by TV
    programs</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201704260">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2017-04</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Faceapp appears to do lots of personal information about surveillance, judging by <a
    href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170426191242/https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-intersect/wp/2017/04/26/everything-thats-wrong-with-faceapp-the-latest-creepy-photo-app-for-your-face/">
    how
	people used it</a>.</p> much access it demands to personal data in the device</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201704190">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2017-04</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Users are suing Bose for <a
    href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170423010030/https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-switch/wp/2017/04/19/bose-headphones-have-been-spying-on-their-customers-lawsuit-claims/">
    distributing a spyware app for its headphones</a>.  Specifically,
    the app would record the names of the audio files users listen to
    along with the headphone's unique serial number.</p>

    <p>The company's statement suit accuses that it this was anonymizing done without the data may be
      true, but it doesn't really matter. users' consent.
    If the fine print of the app said that users gave consent for this,
    would that make it had sold acceptable? No way! It should be flat out <a
    href="/philosophy/surveillance-vs-democracy.html"> illegal to design
    the data app to a snoop at all</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201704074">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2017-04</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Pairs of Android apps can collude
    to transmit users' personal data broker, to servers. <a
    href="https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2017/04/when-apps-collude-to-steal-your-data/522177/">A
    study found tens of thousands of pairs that collude</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201703300">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2017-03</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Verizon <a
    href="https://yro.slashdot.org/story/17/03/30/0112259/verizon-to-force-appflash-spyware-on-android-phones">
    announced an opt-in proprietary search app that it will</a> pre-install
    on some of its phones. The app will give Verizon the same information
    about the users' searches that Google normally gets when they use
    its search engine.</p>

    <p>Currently, the app is <a
    href="https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2017/04/update-verizons-appflash-pre-installed-spyware-still-spyware">
    being pre-installed on only one phone</a>, and the user must
    explicitly opt-in before the app takes effect. However, the app
    remains spyware—an “optional” piece of spyware is
    still spyware.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201701210">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2017-01</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>The Meitu photo-editing app <a
    href="https://theintercept.com/2017/01/21/popular-selfie-app-sending-user-data-to-china-researchers-say/">sends
    user data broker would have been able to figure out
      who a Chinese company</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201611280">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2016-11</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>The Uber app tracks <a
    href="https://techcrunch.com/2016/11/28/uber-background-location-data-collection/">clients'
    movements before and after the user was.</p>
    
    <p>Following this lawsuit, ride</a>.</p>

    <p>This example illustrates how “getting the user's
    consent” for surveillance is inadequate as a protection against
    massive surveillance.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201611160">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2016-11</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>A <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/mar/14/we-vibe-vibrator-tracking-users-sexual-habits">
    href="https://research.csiro.au/ng/wp-content/uploads/sites/106/2016/08/paper-1.pdf">
    research paper</a> that investigated the company has been ordered privacy and security of
    283 Android VPN apps concluded that “in spite of the promises
    for privacy, security, and anonymity given by the majority of VPN
    apps—millions of users may be unawarely subject to pay poor security
    guarantees and abusive practices inflicted by VPN apps.”</p>

    <p>Following is a total non-exhaustive list, taken from the research paper,
    of C$4m</a> some proprietary VPN apps that track users and infringe their
    privacy:</p>

    <dl class="compact">
      <dt>SurfEasy</dt>
      <dd>Includes tracking libraries such as NativeX and Appflood,
      meant to its customers.</p> track users and show them targeted ads.</dd>

      <dt>sFly Network Booster</dt>
      <dd>Requests the <code>READ_SMS</code> and <code>SEND_SMS</code>
      permissions upon installation, meaning it has full access to users'
      text messages.</dd>

      <dt>DroidVPN and TigerVPN</dt>
      <dd>Requests the <code>READ_LOGS</code> permission to read logs
      for other apps and also core system logs. TigerVPN developers have
      confirmed this.</dd>

      <dt>HideMyAss</dt>
      <dd>Sends traffic to LinkedIn. Also, it stores detailed logs and
      may turn them over to the UK government if requested.</dd>

      <dt>VPN Services HotspotShield</dt>
      <dd>Injects JavaScript code into the HTML pages returned to the
      users. The stated purpose of the JS injection is to display ads. Uses
      roughly five tracking libraries. Also, it redirects the user's
      traffic through valueclick.com (an advertising website).</dd>

      <dt>WiFi Protector VPN</dt>
      <dd>Injects JavaScript code into HTML pages, and also uses roughly
      five tracking libraries. Developers of this app have confirmed that
      the non-premium version of the app does JavaScript injection for
      tracking the user and displaying ads.</dd>
    </dl>
  </li>
  
  <li><p> “CloudPets” toys with microphones

  <li id="M201609210">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2016-09</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Google's new voice messaging app <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/feb/28/cloudpets-data-breach-leaks-details-of-500000-children-and-adults">leak childrens' conversations
    href="http://www.theverge.com/2016/9/21/12994362/allo-privacy-message-logs-google">logs
    all conversations</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201606050">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2016-06</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Facebook's new Magic Photo app <a
    href="https://www.theregister.co.uk/2015/11/10/facebook_scans_camera_for_your_friends/">
    scans your mobile phone's photo collections for known faces</a>,
    and suggests you circulate the picture you take according to who is
    in the
	manufacturer</a>. Guess what?
      <a href="https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/internet-of-things-teddy-bear-leaked-2-million-parent-and-kids-message-recordings">Crackers found a way frame.</p>

    <p>This spyware feature seems to require online access to some
    known-faces database, which means the data</a>
      collected by the manufacturer's snooping.</p>

    <p>That pictures are likely to be
    sent across the manufacturer wire to Facebook's servers and face-recognition
    algorithms.</p>

    <p>If so, none of Facebook users' pictures are private anymore,
    even if the FBI could listen user didn't “upload” them to these conversations
      was unacceptable by itself.</p></li>
  
  <li><p>Barbie the service.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201605310">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2016-05</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Facebook's app listens all the time, <a href="http://www.mirror.co.uk/news/technology-science/technology/wi-fi-spy-barbie-records-childrens-5177673">is going
    href="https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/gadgets-and-tech/news/facebook-using-people-s-phones-listen-what-they-re-saying-claims-professor-a7057526.html">to
    snoop on what people are listening to or watching</a>. In addition,
    it may be analyzing people's conversations to serve them with targeted
    advertisements.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201604250">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2016-04</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>A pregnancy test controller application not only can <a
    href="http://www.theverge.com/2016/4/25/11503718/first-response-pregnancy-pro-test-bluetooth-app-security">
    spy on children many sorts of data in the phone, and adults</a>.</p> in server accounts,
    it can alter them too</a>.</p>
  </li>
</ul>


<!-- #SpywareOnSmartWatches

  <li id="M201601130">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2016-01</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
<!-- WEBMASTERS: make sure to place new items
    <p>Apps that include <a
    href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180913014551/http://techaeris.com/2016/01/13/symphony-advanced-media-software-tracks-your-digital-life-through-your-smartphone-mic/">
    Symphony surveillance software snoop on top under each subsection -->

<div class="big-section">
  <h3 id="SpywareOnSmartWatches">Spyware what radio and TV programs
    are playing nearby</a>.  Also on “Smart” Watches</h3>
  <span class="anchor-reference-id">
    (<a href="#SpywareOnSmartWatches">#SpywareOnSmartWatches</a>)</span>
</div>
<div style="clear: left;"></div>

<ul>
  <li>
    <p>An LG “smart” watch is designed what users post on various sites
    such as Facebook, Google+ and Twitter.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201511190">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2015-11</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>“Cryptic communication,”
    unrelated to the app's functionality, was <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/2014/07/09/lg-kizon-smart-watch_n_5570234.html">
    href="http://news.mit.edu/2015/data-transferred-android-apps-hiding-1119">
    found in the 500 most popular gratis Android apps</a>.</p>

    <p>The article should not have described these apps as
    “free”—they are not free software.  The clear way
    to report its location say “zero price” is “gratis.”</p>

    <p>The article takes for granted that the usual analytics tools are
    legitimate, but is that valid? Software developers have no right to someone else
    analyze what users are doing or how.  “Analytics” tools
    that snoop are just as wrong as any other snooping.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201510300">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2015-10</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>More than 73% and 47% of mobile applications, for Android and iOS
    respectively <a href="https://techscience.org/a/2015103001/">hand over
    personal, behavioral and location information</a> of their users to transmit
	conversations too</a>.</p>
    third parties.</p>
  </li>
  <li>
    <p>A very cheap “smart watch” comes with an Android app

  <li id="M201508210">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2015-08</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Like most “music screaming” disservices, Spotify is
    based on proprietary malware (DRM and snooping). In August 2015 it <a href="https://www.theregister.co.uk/2016/03/02/chinese_backdoor_found_in_ebays_popular_cheap_smart_watch/">
    href="http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2015/aug/21/spotify-faces-user-backlash-over-new-privacy-policy">
    demanded users submit to increased snooping</a>, and some are starting
    to realize that connects it is nasty.</p>

    <p>This article shows the <a
    href="https://www.theregister.co.uk/2015/08/21/spotify_worse_than_the_nsa/">
    twisted ways that they present snooping as a way to an unidentified site “serve”
    users better</a>—never mind whether they want that. This is a
    typical example of the attitude of the proprietary software industry
    towards those they have subjugated.</p>

    <p>Out, out, damned Spotify!</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201506264">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2015-06</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p><a
    href="https://www.cl.cam.ac.uk/~arb33/papers/FerreiraEtAl-Securacy-WiSec2015.pdf">
    A study in China</a>.</p> 2015</a> found that 90% of the top-ranked gratis proprietary
    Android apps contained recognizable tracking libraries. For the paid
    proprietary apps, it was only 60%.</p>

    <p>The article says this is a back door, confusingly describes gratis apps as
    “free”, but most of them are not in fact <a
    href="/philosophy/free-sw.html">free software</a>.  It also uses the
    ugly word “monetize”. A good replacement for that could be a
      misunderstanding.  However, it word
    is certainly surveillance, at
      least.</p> “exploit”; nearly always that will fit perfectly.</p>
  </li>
</ul>

<!-- #SpywareAtLowLevel

  <li id="M201505060">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2015-05</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
<!-- WEBMASTERS: make sure
    <p>Gratis Android apps (but not <a
    href="/philosophy/free-sw.html">free software</a>) connect to place new items on top under each subsection -->

<div class="big-section">
  <h3 id="SpywareAtLowLevel">Spyware at Low Level</h3>
  <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#SpywareAtLowLevel">#SpywareAtLowLevel</a>)</span>
</div>
<div style="clear: left;"></div>


<div class="big-subsection">
  <h4 id="SpywareInBIOS">Spyware in BIOS</h4>
  <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#SpywareInBIOS">#SpywareInBIOS</a>)</span>
</div>

<ul>
<li><p> 100 <a href="http://www.computerworld.com/article/2984889/windows-pcs/lenovo-collects-usage-data-on-thinkpad-thinkcentre-and-thinkstation-pcs.html">
Lenovo stealthily installed crapware
    href="http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2015/may/06/free-android-apps-connect-tracking-advertising-websites">tracking
    and spyware via BIOS</a> advertising</a> URLs, on Windows installs.
Note that the specific sabotage method Lenovo average.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201504060">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2015-04</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Widely used did not affect
GNU/Linux; also, a “clean” Windows install <a
    href="https://freedom-to-tinker.com/blog/kollarssmith/scan-this-or-scan-me-user-privacy-barcode-scanning-applications/">proprietary
    QR-code scanner apps snoop on the user</a>. This is not really
clean since in addition to
    the snooping done by the phone company, and perhaps by the OS in
    the phone.</p>

    <p>Don't be distracted by the question of whether the app developers
    get users to say “I agree”. That is no excuse for
    malware.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201411260">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2014-11</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Many proprietary apps for mobile devices
    report which other apps the user has installed.  <a href="/proprietary/malware-microsoft.html">Microsoft
puts
    href="http://techcrunch.com/2014/11/26/twitter-app-graph/">Twitter
    is doing this in its own malware</a>.
</p></li>
</ul>

<!-- #SpywareAtWork a way that at least is visible and optional</a>. Not
    as bad as what the others do.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201401150.1">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2014-01</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
<!-- WEBMASTERS: make sure
    <p>The Simeji keyboard is a smartphone version of Baidu's <a
    href="/proprietary/proprietary-surveillance.html#baidu-ime">spying <abbr
    title="Input Method Editor">IME</abbr></a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201312270">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2013-12</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>The nonfree Snapchat app's principal purpose is to place new items restrict the
    use of data on top under each subsection -->

<div class="big-section">
  <h3 id="SpywareAtWork">Spyware at Work</h3>
  <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#SpywareAtWork">#SpywareAtWork</a>)</span>
</div>
<div style="clear: left;"></div>

<ul>
  <li><p>Investigation
        Shows the user's computer, but it does surveillance too: <a href="https://www.techdirt.com/articles/20160602/17210734610/investigation-shows-gchq-using-us-companies-nsa-to-route-around-domestic-surveillance-restrictions.shtml">GCHQ
        Using US Companies, NSA To Route Around Domestic Surveillance
        Restrictions</a>.</p>

      <p>Specifically,
    href="http://www.theguardian.com/media/2013/dec/27/snapchat-may-be-exposed-hackers">
    it can collect tries to get the emails of members user's list of Parliament other people's phone
    numbers</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201312060">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2013-12</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>The Brightest Flashlight app <a
    href="http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2013/dec/06/android-app-50m-downloads-sent-data-advertisers">
    sends user data, including geolocation, for use by companies</a>.</p>

    <p>The FTC criticized this way, app because they pass it through Microsoft.</p></li>

  <li><p>Spyware in Cisco TNP IP phones: asked the user to
    approve sending personal data to the app developer but did not ask
    about sending it to other companies.  This shows the weakness of
    the reject-it-if-you-dislike-snooping “solution” to
    surveillance: why should a flashlight app send any information to
    anyone? A free software flashlight app would not.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201212100">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2012-12</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>FTC says most mobile apps for children don't respect privacy: <a href="http://boingboing.net/2012/12/29/your-cisco-phone-is-listening.html">
      http://boingboing.net/2012/12/29/your-cisco-phone-is-listening.html</a></p>
    href="http://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2012/12/ftc-disclosures-severely-lacking-in-kids-mobile-appsand-its-getting-worse/">
    http://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2012/12/ftc-disclosures-severely-lacking-in-kids-mobile-appsand-its-getting-worse/</a>.</p>
  </li>
</ul>


<div class="big-subsection">
  <h4 id="SpywareInSkype">Spyware in Skype</h4> id="SpywareInSkype">Skype</h4>
  <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#SpywareInSkype">#SpywareInSkype</a>)</span>
</div>

<ul>
  <li><p>Spyware in Skype:

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M201908151">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2019-08</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Skype refuses to say whether it can <a
    href="http://www.slate.com/blogs/future_tense/2012/07/20/skype_won_t_comment_on_whether_it_can_now_eavesdrop_on_conversations_.html">eavesdrop
    on calls</a>.</p>

    <p>That almost certainly means it can do so.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201307110">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2013-07</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Skype contains <a href="http://www.forbes.com/sites/petercohan/2013/06/20/project-chess-how-u-s-snoops-on-your-skype/">
      http://www.forbes.com/sites/petercohan/2013/06/20/project-chess-how-u-s-snoops-on-your-skype/</a>.
    href="https://web.archive.org/web/20130928235637/http://www.forbes.com/sites/petercohan/2013/06/20/project-chess-how-u-s-snoops-on-your-skype/">spyware</a>.
    Microsoft changed Skype <a
    href="http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2013/jul/11/microsoft-nsa-collaboration-user-data">
    specifically for spying</a>.</p>
  </li>
</ul>



<!-- #SpywareOnTheRoad -->
<!-- WEBMASTERS: make sure to place new items on top under each subsection -->

<div class="big-section">
  <h3 id="SpywareOnTheRoad">Spyware on The Road</h3>
  <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#SpywareOnTheRoad">#SpywareOnTheRoad</a>)</span>
</div>
<div style="clear: left;"></div>


<div class="big-subsection">
  <h4 id="SpywareInCameras">Spyware in Cameras</h4> id="SpywareInGames">Games</h4>
  <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#SpywareInCameras">#SpywareInCameras</a>)</span> href="#SpywareInGames">#SpywareInGames</a>)</span>
</div>

<ul>
  <li>
    <p>Every “home security” camera, if its manufacturer can communicate with it,

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M202010221">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2020-10</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Microsoft is a imposing its
    surveillance device. on the game of Minecraft by <a
href="https://www.theverge.com/circuitbreaker/2017/10/4/16426394/canary-smart-home-camera-free-service-update-change">
      Canary camera is
    href="https://www.theverge.com/2020/10/22/21527647/minecraft-microsoft-account-mojang-java">requiring
    every player to open an example</a>.</p>
    <p>The article describes wrongdoing by the manufacturer, based account on Microsoft's network</a>. Microsoft
    has bought the fact
      that the device is tethered game and will merge all accounts into its network,
    which will give them access to a server.</p>
    <p><a href="/proprietary/proprietary-tethers.html">More about proprietary tethering</a>.</p>
    <p>But it also demonstrates people's data.</p>

    <p>Minecraft players <a
    href="https://directory.fsf.org/wiki/Minetest">can play Minetest</a>
    instead. The essential advantage of Minetest is that the device gives the company
      surveillance capability.</p>
  </li>
  
  <li>
    <p>The Nest Cam “smart” camera it is <a
      href="http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-34922712">always
        watching</a>, even when the “owner” switches free
    software, meaning it “off.”</p>
    <p>A “smart” device means respects the manufacturer is using user's computer freedom. As a bonus,
    it to outsmart
      you.</p> offers more options.</p>
  </li>
</ul>

<div class="big-subsection">
  <h4 id="SpywareInElectronicReaders">Spyware in e-Readers</h4>
  <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#SpywareInElectronicReaders">#SpywareInElectronicReaders</a>)</span>
</div>

<ul>
  <li><p>E-books can contain JavaScript code,

  <li id="M201908210">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2019-08</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Microsoft recorded users of Xboxes and had <a href="http://www.theguardian.com/books/2016/mar/08/men-make-up-their-minds-about-books-faster-than-women-study-finds">sometimes
    this code snoops
    href="https://www.vice.com/en/article/43kv4q/microsoft-human-contractors-listened-to-xbox-owners-homes-kinect-cortana">
    human workers listen to the recordings</a>.</p>

    <p>Morally, we see no difference between having human workers listen and
    having speech-recognition systems listen.  Both intrude on readers</a>.</p> privacy.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p>Spyware

  <li id="M201806240">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2018-06</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Red Shell is a spyware that
    is found in many e-readers—not only the
      Kindle: <a href="https://www.eff.org/pages/reader-privacy-chart-2012">
      they report even which page the user reads at what time</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p>Adobe made “Digital Editions,” the e-reader used
      by most US libraries, proprietary games. It <a href="http://www.computerworlduk.com/blogs/open-enterprise/drm-strikes-again-3575860/">
      send lots of
    href="https://nebulous.cloud/threads/red-shell-illegal-spyware-for-steam-games.31924/">
    tracks data on users' computers and sends it to Adobe</a>.  Adobe's “excuse”: it's
      needed to check DRM!</p>
  </li>
</ul>

<div class="big-subsection">
  <h4 id="SpywareInVehicles">Spyware in Vehicles</h4>
  <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#SpywareInVehicles">#SpywareInVehicles</a>)</span>
</div>

<ul>
<li><p>Computerized cars with nonfree software are
  <a href="http://www.thelowdownblog.com/2016/07/your-cars-been-studying-you-closely-and.html">
  snooping devices</a>.</p> third parties</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="nissan-modem"><p>The Nissan Leaf has id="M201804144">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2018-04</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>ArenaNet surreptitiously installed a built-in cell phone modem which allows
  effectively
  anyone <a href="https://www.troyhunt.com/controlling-vehicle-features-of-nissan/">to
  access its computers remotely and make changes in various
  settings</a>.</p>

    <p>That's easy spyware
    program along with an update to do because the system has no authentication when
    accessed through the modem.  However, even if it asked for
    authentication, you couldn't be confident that Nissan has no
    access. massive
    multiplayer game Guild Wars 2.  The software in the car is
    proprietary, spyware allowed ArenaNet <a href="/philosophy/free-software-even-more-important.html">which
    means it demands blind faith from its users</a>.</p>

    <p>Even if no one connects to the car remotely, the cell phone
    modem enables the phone company
    href="https://techraptor.net/content/arenanet-used-spyware-anti-cheat-for-guild-wars-2-banwave">
    to track the car's movements snoop on all
    the time; it is possible to physically remove the cell phone modem
    though.</p> open processes running on its user's computer</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="records-drivers"><p>Proprietary software in cars id="M201711070">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2017-11</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>The driver for a certain gaming keyboard <a href="http://www.usatoday.com/story/money/cars/2013/03/24/car-spying-edr-data-privacy/1991751/">records
    href="https://thehackernews.com/2017/11/mantistek-keyboard-keylogger.html">sends
    information about drivers' movements</a>,
      which is made available to car manufacturers, insurance companies, China</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201512290">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2015-12</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Many <a
    href="http://www.thestar.com/news/canada/2015/12/29/how-much-data-are-video-games-collecting-about-you.html/">
    video game consoles snoop on their users and
      others.</p>

      <p>The case of toll-collection systems, mentioned in this article, report to the
    internet</a>—even what their users weigh.</p>

    <p>A game console is not
      really a matter of proprietary surveillance. These systems are an
      intolerable invasion of privacy, computer, and should be replaced you can't trust a computer with anonymous
      payment systems, but the invasion isn't done by malware. The other
      cases mentioned are done by proprietary malware in the car.</p></li>

  <li><p>Tesla cars allow the company to extract
    a nonfree operating system.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201509160">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2015-09</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Modern gratis game cr…apps <a
    href="http://toucharcade.com/2015/09/16/we-own-you-confessions-of-a-free-to-play-producer/">
    collect a wide range of data remotely about their users and
      determine the car's location at any time. (See
      <a href="http://www.teslamotors.com/sites/default/files/pdfs/tmi_privacy_statement_external_6-14-2013_v2.pdf">
      Section 2, paragraphs b their users'
    friends and c.</a>). The company says it doesn't
      store this information, but if the state orders associates</a>.</p>

    <p>Even nastier, they do it to get through ad networks that merge the data
    collected by various cr…apps and hand it over, sites made by different
    companies.</p>

    <p>They use this data to manipulate people to buy things, and hunt for
    “whales” who can be led to spend a lot of money. They also
    use a back door to manipulate the state game play for specific players.</p>

    <p>While the article describes gratis games, games that cost money
    can store it.</p> use the same tactics.</p>
  </li>
</ul>


<!-- #SpywareAtHome

  <li id="M201401280">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2014-01</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
<!-- WEBMASTERS: make sure
    <p>Angry Birds <a
    href="http://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/28/world/spy-agencies-scour-phone-apps-for-personal-data.html">
    spies for companies, and the NSA takes advantage
    to place new items spy through it too</a>.  Here's information on top under each subsection <a
    href="http://confabulator.blogspot.com/2012/11/analysis-of-what-information-angry.html">
    more spyware apps</a>.</p>

    <p><a
    href="https://www.propublica.org/article/spy-agencies-probe-angry-birds-and-other-apps-for-personal-data">
    More about NSA app spying</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M200510200">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2005-10</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Blizzard Warden is a hidden
    “cheating-prevention” program that <a
    href="https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2005/10/new-gaming-feature-spyware">
    spies on every process running on a gamer's computer and sniffs a
    good deal of personal data</a>, including lots of activities which
    have nothing to do with cheating.</p>
  </li>
</ul>



<div class="big-section">
  <h3 id="SpywareAtHome">Spyware at Home</h3> id="SpywareInEquipment">Spyware in Connected Equipment</h3>
  <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#SpywareAtHome">#SpywareAtHome</a>)</span> href="#SpywareInEquipment">#SpywareInEquipment</a>)</span>
</div>
<div style="clear: left;"></div>

<ul>
  <li><p>Lots of “smart” products are
        designed

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M202101050">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2021-01</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Most Internet connected devices in Mozilla's <a href="http://enews.cnet.com/ct/42931641:shoPz52LN:m:1:1509237774:B54C9619E39F7247C0D58117DD1C7E96:r:27417204357610908031812337994022">to
        listen
    href="https://foundation.mozilla.org/en/privacynotincluded">“Privacy
    Not Included”</a> list <a
    href="https://foundation.mozilla.org/privacynotincluded/arlo-video-doorbell">are
    designed to everyone in the house, all the time</a>.</p>

    <p>Today's technological practice does not include any way of
    making a device that can obey your voice commands without
    potentially spying snoop on you.  Even users</a> even if it is air-gapped, it could be
    saving up records about you for later examination.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p>Nest thermometers
  send <a href="http://bgr.com/2014/07/17/google-nest-jailbreak-hack">a
  lot they meet
    Mozilla's “Minimum Security Standards.” Insecure
    design of data about the user</a>.</p> program running on some of these devices <a
    href="https://foundation.mozilla.org/privacynotincluded/vibratissimo-panty-buster">makes
    the user susceptible to be snooped and exploited by crackers as
    well</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p><a href="http://consumerman.com/Rent-to-own%20giant%20accused%20of%20spying%20on%20its%20customers.htm">
      Rent-to-own computers were programmed

  <li id="M201708280">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2017-08</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>The bad security in many Internet of Stings devices allows <a
    href="https://www.techdirt.com/articles/20170828/08152938092/iot-devices-provide-comcast-wonderful-new-opportunity-to-spy-you.shtml">ISPs
    to spy snoop on their renters</a>.</p> the people that use them</a>.</p>

    <p>Don't be a sucker—reject all the stings.</p>

    <p><small>(It is unfortunate that the article uses the term <a
    href="/philosophy/words-to-avoid.html#Monetize">“monetize”</a>.)</small></p>
  </li>
</ul>


<div class="big-subsection">
  <h4 id="SpywareInTVSets">Spyware in TV id="SpywareInTVSets">TV Sets</h4>
  <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#SpywareInTVSets">#SpywareInTVSets</a>)</span>
</div>

<p>Emo Phillips made a joke: The other day a woman came up to me and
said, “Didn't I see you on television?” I said, “I
don't know. You can't see out the other way.” Evidently that was
before Amazon “smart” TVs.</p>

<ul>
  <li>

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M202010282">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2020-10</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>TV manufacturers are turning to produce only
    “Smart” TV sets (which include spyware) that <a
    href="https://frame.work/blog/in-defense-of-dumb-tvs">it's now very
    hard to find a TV that doesn't spy on you</a>.</p>

    <p>It appears that those manufacturers business model is not to produce
    TV and sell them for money, but to collect your personal data and
    (possibly) hand over them to others for benefit.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M202006250">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2020-06</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>TV manufacturers are able to <a
    href="https://www.zdnet.com/article/fbi-warns-about-snoopy-smart-tvs-spying-on-you/">snoop
    every second of what the user is watching</a>. This is illegal due to
    the Video Privacy Protection Act of 1988, but they're circumventing
    it through EULAs.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201901070">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2019-01</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Vizio TVs <a
    href="https://www.theverge.com/2019/1/7/18172397/airplay-2-homekit-vizio-tv-bill-baxter-interview-vergecast-ces-2019">
    collect “whatever the TV sees,”</a> in the own words of the company's
    CTO, and this data is sold to third parties. This is in return for
    “better service” (meaning more intrusive ads?) and slightly
    lower retail prices.</p>

    <p>What is supposed to make this spying acceptable, according to him,
    is that it is opt-in in newer models. But since the Vizio software is
    nonfree, we don't know what is actually happening behind the scenes,
    and there is no guarantee that all future updates will leave the
    settings unchanged.</p>

    <p>If you already own a Vizio “smart” TV (or any “smart” TV, for that
    matter), the easiest way to make sure it isn't spying on you is
    to disconnect it from the Internet, and use a terrestrial antenna
    instead. Unfortunately, this is not always possible. Another option,
    if you are technically oriented, is to get your own router (which can
    be an old computer running completely free software), and set up a
    firewall to block connections to Vizio's servers. Or, as a last resort,
    you can replace your TV with another model.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201804010">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2018-04</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Some “Smart” TVs automatically <a
    href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180405014828/https:/twitter.com/buro9/status/980349887006076928">
    load downgrades that install a surveillance app</a>.</p>

    <p>We link to the article for the facts it presents. It
    is too bad that the article finishes by advocating the
    moral weakness of surrendering to Netflix. The Netflix app <a
    href="/proprietary/malware-google.html#netflix-app-geolocation-drm">is
    malware too</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201702060">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2017-02</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Vizio “smart” <a
    href="https://www.ftc.gov/news-events/blogs/business-blog/2017/02/what-vizio-was-doing-behind-tv-screen">TVs
    report everything that is viewed on them, and not just broadcasts and
    cable</a>. Even if the image is coming from the user's own computer,
    the TV reports what it is. The existence of a way to disable the
    surveillance, even if it were not hidden as it was in these TVs,
    does not legitimize the surveillance.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p>More or less all “smart” TVs <a
href="http://www.myce.com/news/reseachers-all-smart-tvs-spy-on-you-sony-monitors-all-channel-switches-72851/">spy

  <li id="M201511130">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2015-11</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Some web and TV advertisements play inaudible
    sounds to be picked up by proprietary malware running
    on their users</a>.</p>

    <p>The report was other devices in range so as of 2014, but we don't expect this has got better.</p>

    <p>This shows that laws requiring products to get users' formal
      consent before collecting personal data determine that they
    are totally inadequate.
      And what happens if a user declines consent?  Probably the TV
      will say, “Without nearby.  Once your consent to tracking, the TV will
      not work.”</p>

    <p>Proper laws would say that TVs Internet devices are not allowed to report what
      the user watches — no exceptions!</p> paired with
    your TV, advertisers can correlate ads with Web activity, and other <a
    href="http://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2015/11/beware-of-ads-that-use-inaudible-sound-to-link-your-phone-tv-tablet-and-pc/">
    cross-device tracking</a>.</p>
  </li>
  <li><p>Vizio

  <li id="M201511060">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2015-11</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Vizio goes a step further than other TV
    manufacturers in spying on their users: their <a href="http://www.propublica.org/article/own-a-vizio-smart-tv-its-watching-you">
    href="https://www.propublica.org/article/own-a-vizio-smart-tv-its-watching-you">
    “smart” TVs analyze your viewing habits in detail and
    link them your IP address</a> so that advertisers can track you
    across devices.</p>

    <p>It is possible to turn this off, but having it enabled by default
    is an injustice already.</p>
  </li>
  
  <li><p>Tivo's

  <li id="M201511020">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2015-11</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Tivo's alliance with Viacom adds 2.3 million households
    to the 600 millions social media profiles the company
    already monitors. Tivo customers are unaware they're
    being watched by advertisers. By combining TV viewing
    information with online social media participation, Tivo can now <a href="http://www.reuters.com/article/viacom-tivo-idUSL1N12U1VV20151102">correlate
    href="http://www.reuters.com/article/viacom-tivo-idUSL1N12U1VV20151102">
    correlate TV advertisement with online purchases</a>, exposing all
    users to new combined surveillance by default.</p></li>
  <li><p>Some web and TV advertisements play inaudible sounds to be
      picked up by proprietary malware running on other devices in
      range so as to determine that they are nearby.  Once your
      Internet devices are paired with your TV, advertisers can
      correlate ads with Web activity, and
      other <a href="http://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2015/11/beware-of-ads-that-use-inaudible-sound-to-link-your-phone-tv-tablet-and-pc/">cross-device tracking</a>.</p> default.</p>
  </li>
  <li><p>Vizio

  <li id="M201507240">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2015-07</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Vizio “smart” TVs recognize and <a
    href="http://www.engadget.com/2015/07/24/vizio-ipo-inscape-acr/">track
    what people are watching</a>, even if it isn't a TV channel.</p>
  </li>
  <li><p>The Amazon “Smart”

  <li id="M201505290">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2015-05</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Verizon cable TV <a href="http://www.theguardian.com/technology/shortcuts/2014/nov/09/amazon-echo-smart-tv-watching-listening-surveillance">is
      snooping all the time</a>.</p>
    href="http://arstechnica.com/business/2015/05/verizon-fios-reps-know-what-tv-channels-you-watch/">
    snoops on what programs people watch, and even what they wanted to
    record</a>.</p>
  </li>
  <li><p>The

  <li id="M201504300">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2015-04</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Vizio <a
    href="http://boingboing.net/2015/04/30/telescreen-watch-vizio-adds-s.html">
    used a firmware “upgrade” to make its TVs snoop on what
    users watch</a>.  The TVs did not do that when first sold.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201502090">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2015-02</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>The Samsung “Smart” TV <a href="http://www.consumerreports.org/cro/news/2015/02/who-s-the-third-party-that-samsung-and-lg-smart-tvs-are-sharing-your-voice-data-with/index.htm">transmits
    href="http://www.consumerreports.org/cro/news/2015/02/who-s-the-third-party-that-samsung-and-lg-smart-tvs-are-sharing-your-voice-data-with/index.htm">
    transmits users' voice on the internet to another company, Nuance</a>.
    Nuance can save it and would then have to give it to the US or some
    other government.</p>

    <p>Speech recognition is not to be trusted unless it is done by free
    software in your own computer.</p>

    <p>In its privacy policy, Samsung explicitly confirms that <a
    href="http://theweek.com/speedreads/538379/samsung-warns-customers-not-discuss-personal-information-front-smart-tvs">voice
    data containing sensitive information will be transmitted to third
    parties</a>.</p>
  </li>
  <li><p>Spyware in

  <li id="M201411090">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2014-11</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>The Amazon “Smart” TV is <a href="http://doctorbeet.blogspot.co.uk/2013/11/lg-smart-tvs-logging-usb-filenames-and.html">
    href="http://www.theguardian.com/technology/shortcuts/2014/nov/09/amazon-echo-smart-tv-watching-listening-surveillance">
    snooping all the time</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201409290">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2014-09</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>More or less all “smart” TVs <a
    href="http://www.myce.com/news/reseachers-all-smart-tvs-spy-on-you-sony-monitors-all-channel-switches-72851/">spy
    on their users</a>.</p>

    <p>The report was as of 2014, but we don't expect this has got
    better.</p>

    <p>This shows that laws requiring products to get users' formal
    consent before collecting personal data are totally inadequate.
    And what happens if a user declines consent? Probably the TV will
    say, “Without your consent to tracking, the TV will not
    work.”</p>

    <p>Proper laws would say that TVs are not allowed to report what the
    user watches—no exceptions!</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201405200">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2014-05</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Spyware in LG “smart” TVs</a> TVs <a
    href="http://doctorbeet.blogspot.co.uk/2013/11/lg-smart-tvs-logging-usb-filenames-and.html">
    reports what the user watches, and the switch to turn this off has
    no effect. effect</a>.  (The fact that the transmission reports a 404 error
    really means nothing; the server could save that data anyway.)</p> 

    <p>Even worse, it <a
    href="http://rambles.renney.me/2013/11/lg-tv-logging-filenames-from-network-folders/">
    snoops on other devices on the user's local network.</a></p> network</a>.</p>

    <p>LG later said it had installed a patch to stop this, but any
    product could spy this way.</p>

    <p>Meanwhile, LG TVs <a
    href="http://www.techdirt.com/articles/20140511/17430627199/lg-will-take-smart-out-your-smart-tv-if-you-dont-agree-to-share-your-viewing-search-data-with-third-parties.shtml">
    do lots of spying anyway</a>.</p>
  </li>
  <li>
      <p><a href="http://arstechnica.com/business/2015/05/verizon-fios-reps-know-what-tv-channels-you-watch/">Verizon cable TV snoops

  <li id="M201212170">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2012-12</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p id="break-security-smarttv"><a
    href="http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2249303/Hackers-penetrate-home-Crack-Samsungs-Smart-TV-allows-attacker-seize-control-microphone-cameras.html">
    Crackers found a way to break security on what programs people watch, a “smart” TV</a>
    and even what they wanted use its camera to record.</a></p> watch the people who are watching TV.</p>
  </li>
</ul>

<!-- #SpywareInGames -->


<div class="big-section">
  <h3 id="SpywareInGames">Spyware in Games</h3> class="big-subsection">
  <h4 id="SpywareInCameras">Cameras</h4>
  <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#SpywareInGames">#SpywareInGames</a>)</span> href="#SpywareInCameras">#SpywareInCameras</a>)</span>
</div>
<div style="clear: left;"></div>

<ul>

  <li>

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M201901100">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2019-01</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Amazon Ring “security” devices <a
    href="https://www.engadget.com/2019/01/10/ring-gave-employees-access-customer-video-feeds/">
    send the video they capture to Amazon servers</a>, which save it
    long-term.</p>

    <p>In many cases, the video shows everyone that comes near, or merely
    passes by, the user's front door.</p>

    <p>The driver article focuses on how Ring used to let individual employees look
    at the videos freely.  It appears Amazon has tried to prevent that
    secondary abuse, but the primary abuse—that Amazon gets the
    video—Amazon expects society to surrender to.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201810300">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2018-10</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Nearly all “home security cameras” <a
    href="https://www.consumerreports.org/privacy/d-link-camera-poses-data-security-risk--consumer-reports-finds/">
    give the manufacturer an unencrypted copy of everything they
    see</a>. “Home insecurity camera” would be a better
    name!</p>

    <p>When Consumer Reports tested them, it suggested that these
    manufacturers promise not to look at what's in the videos. That's not
    security for your home. Security means making sure they don't get to
    see through your camera.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201603220">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2016-03</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Over 70 brands of network-connected surveillance cameras have <a
    href="http://www.kerneronsec.com/2016/02/remote-code-execution-in-cctv-dvrs-of.html">
    security bugs that allow anyone to watch through them</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201511250">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2015-11</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>The Nest Cam “smart” camera is <a
    href="http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-34922712">always watching</a>,
    even when the “owner” switches it “off.”</p>

    <p>A “smart” device means the manufacturer is using it
    to outsmart you.</p>
  </li>
</ul>


<div class="big-subsection">
  <h4 id="SpywareInToys">Toys</h4>
  <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#SpywareInToys">#SpywareInToys</a>)</span>
</div>

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M201711244">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2017-11</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>The Furby Connect has a certain gaming keyboard <a href="https://thehackernews.com/2017/11/mantistek-keyboard-keylogger.html">sends information
    href="https://www.contextis.com/blog/dont-feed-them-after-midnight-reverse-engineering-the-furby-connect">
    universal back door</a>. If the product as shipped doesn't act as a
    listening device, remote changes to China</a>.</p> the code could surely convert it
    into one.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p>nVidia's proprietary GeForce Experience

  <li id="M201711100">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2017-11</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>A remote-control sex toy was found to make <a
    href="https://www.theverge.com/2017/11/10/16634442/lovense-sex-toy-spy-survei">audio
    recordings of the conversation between two users</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201703140">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2017-03</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>A computerized vibrator <a href="http://www.gamersnexus.net/industry/2672-geforce-experience-data-transfer-analysis">makes
    href="https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2016/aug/10/vibrator-phone-app-we-vibe-4-plus-bluetooth-hack">
    was snooping on its users identify themselves through the proprietary control app</a>.</p>

    <p>The app was reporting the temperature of the vibrator minute by
    minute (thus, indirectly, whether it was surrounded by a person's
    body), as well as the vibration frequency.</p>

    <p>Note the totally inadequate proposed response: a labeling
    standard with which manufacturers would make statements about their
    products, rather than free software which users could have checked
    and then sends changed.</p>

    <p>The company that made the vibrator <a
    href="https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2016/sep/14/wevibe-sex-toy-data-collection-chicago-lawsuit">
    was sued for collecting lots of personal data information about them how people
    used it</a>.</p>

    <p>The company's statement that it was anonymizing the data may be
    true, but it doesn't really matter. If it had sold the data to
      nVidia servers</a>.</p> a data
    broker, the data broker would have been able to figure out who the
    user was.</p>

    <p>Following this lawsuit, <a
    href="https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/mar/14/we-vibe-vibrator-tracking-users-sexual-habits">
    the company has been ordered to pay a total of C$4m</a> to its
    customers.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p>Angry Birds

  <li id="M201702280">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2017-02</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>“CloudPets” toys with microphones <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/28/world/spy-agencies-scour-phone-apps-for-personal-data.html">
      spies for companies,
    href="https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/feb/28/cloudpets-data-breach-leaks-details-of-500000-children-and-adults">
    leak childrens' conversations to the manufacturer</a>. Guess what? <a
    href="https://www.vice.com/en/article/pgwean/internet-of-things-teddy-bear-leaked-2-million-parent-and-kids-message-recordings">
    Crackers found a way to access the data</a> collected by the
    manufacturer's snooping.</p>

    <p>That the manufacturer and the NSA takes advantage FBI could listen to these
    conversations was unacceptable by itself.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201612060">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2016-12</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>The “smart” toys My Friend Cayla and i-Que transmit <a
    href="https://www.forbrukerradet.no/siste-nytt/connected-toys-violate-consumer-laws">children's
    conversations to Nuance Communications</a>, a speech recognition
    company based in the U.S.</p>

    <p>Those toys also contain major security vulnerabilities; crackers
    can remotely control the toys with a mobile phone. This would enable
    crackers to listen in on a child's speech, and even speak into the
    toys themselves.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201502180">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2015-02</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Barbie <a
    href="http://www.mirror.co.uk/news/technology-science/technology/wi-fi-spy-barbie-records-childrens-5177673">is
    going to spy through it too</a>.
      Here's information on children and adults</a>.</p>
  </li>
</ul>


<div class="big-subsection">
  <h4 id="SpywareInDrones">Drones</h4>
  <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#SpywareInDrones">#SpywareInDrones</a>)</span>
</div>

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M201708040">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2017-08</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>While you're using a DJI drone
    to snoop on other people, DJI is in many cases <a href="http://confabulator.blogspot.com/2012/11/analysis-of-what-information-angry.html">
    href="https://www.theverge.com/2017/8/4/16095244/us-army-stop-using-dji-drones-cybersecurity">snooping
    on you</a>.</p>
  </li>
</ul>


<div class="big-subsection">
  <h4 id="SpywareAtHome">Other Appliances</h4><span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#SpywareAtHome">#SpywareAtHome</a>)</span>
</div>

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M202009270">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2020-09</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Many employers are using nonfree
    software, including videoconference software, to <a
    href="https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/sep/27/shirking-from-home-staff-feel-the-heat-as-bosses-ramp-up-remote-surveillance">
    surveil and monitor staff working at home</a>. If the program reports
    whether you are “active,” that is in effect a malicious
    surveillance feature.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M202008030">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2020-08</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Google Nest <a
    href="https://blog.google/products/google-nest/partnership-adt-smarter-home-security/">
    is taking over ADT</a>. Google sent out a software
    update to its speaker devices using their back door <a
    href="https://www.protocol.com/google-smart-speaker-alarm-adt"> that
    listens for things like smoke alarms</a> and then notifies your phone
    that an alarm is happening. This means the devices now listen for more spyware apps</a>.</p>
      <p><a href="http://www.propublica.org/article/spy-agencies-probe-angry-birds-and-other-apps-for-personal-data">
      More about NSA app spying</a>.</p>
    than just their wake words. Google says the software update was sent
    out prematurely and on accident and Google was planning on disclosing
    this new feature and offering it to customers who pay for it.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p>Many

  <li id="M202006300">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2020-06</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>“Bossware” is malware that bosses <a href="http://www.thestar.com/news/canada/2015/12/29/how-much-data-are-video-games-collecting-about-you.html/">
      video game consoles
    href="https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2020/06/inside-invasive-secretive-bossware-tracking-workers">
    coerce workers into installing in their own computers</a>, so the
    bosses can spy on them.</p>

    <p>This shows why requiring the user's “consent” is not
    an adequate basis for protecting digital privacy.  The boss can coerce
    most workers into consenting to almost anything, even probable exposure
    to contagious disease that can be fatal.  Software like this should
    be illegal and bosses that demand it should be prosecuted for it.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201911190">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2019-11</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Internet-tethered Amazon Ring had
    a security vulnerability that enabled attackers to <a
    href="https://www.commondreams.org/newswire/2019/11/07/amazons-ring-doorbells-leaks-customers-wi-fi-username-and-password">
    access the user's wifi password</a>, and snoop on the household
    through connected surveillance devices.</p>

    <p>Knowledge of the wifi password would not be sufficient to carry
    out any significant surveillance if the devices implemented proper
    security, including encryption. But many devices with proprietary
    software lack this. Of course, they are also used by their
    manufacturers for snooping.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201907210">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2019-07</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Google “Assistant” records users' conversations <a
    href="https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2019/07/google-defends-listening-to-ok-google-queries-after-voice-recordings-leak/">even
    when it is not supposed to listen</a>. Thus, when one of Google's
    subcontractors discloses a thousand confidential voice recordings,
    users and report were easily identified from these recordings.</p>

    <p>Since Google “Assistant” uses proprietary software, there is no
    way to the 
      internet</a>— even see or control what their it records or sends.</p>

    <p>Rather than trying to better control the use of recordings, Google
    should not record or listen to the person's voice.  It should only
    get commands that the user wants to send to some Google service.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201905061">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2019-05</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Amazon Alexa collects a lot more information from users weigh.</p>

      <p>A game console
    than is necessary for correct functioning (time, location,
    recordings made without a computer, legitimate prompt), and you can't trust sends
    it to Amazon's servers, which store it indefinitely. Even
    worse, Amazon forwards it to third-party companies. Thus,
    even if users request deletion of their data from Amazon's servers, <a
    href="https://www.ctpost.com/business/article/Alexa-has-been-eavesdropping-on-you-this-whole-13822095.php">
    the data remain on other servers</a>, where they can be accessed by
    advertising companies and government agencies. In other words,
    deleting the collected information doesn't cancel the wrong of
    collecting it.</p>

    <p>Data collected by devices such as the Nest thermostat, the Philips
    Hue-connected lights, the Chamberlain MyQ garage opener and the Sonos
    speakers are likewise stored longer than necessary on the servers
    the devices are tethered to. Moreover, they are made available to
    Alexa. As a computer with result, Amazon has a nonfree operating system.</p> very precise picture of users' life
    at home, not only in the present, but in the past (and, who knows,
    in the future too?)</p>
  </li>

  <li><p>Modern gratis game cr…apps

  <li id="M201904240">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2019-04</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Some of users' commands to the Alexa service are <a href="http://toucharcade.com/2015/09/16/we-own-you-confessions-of-a-free-to-play-producer/">
      collect a wide range
    href="https://www.smh.com.au/technology/alexa-is-someone-else-listening-to-us-sometimes-someone-is-20190411-p51d4g.html">
    recorded for Amazon employees to listen to</a>. The Google and Apple
    voice assistants do similar things.</p>

    <p>A fraction of the Alexa service staff even has access to <a
    href="https://www.bnnbloomberg.ca/amazon-s-alexa-reviewers-can-access-customers-home-addresses-1.1248788">
    location and other personal data</a>.</p>

    <p>Since the client program is nonfree, and data about their users processing is done
    “<a href="/philosophy/words-to-avoid.html#CloudComputing">in
    the cloud</a>” (a soothing way of saying “We won't
    tell you how and where it's done”), users have no way
    to know what happens to the recordings unless human eavesdroppers <a
    href="https://www.bnnbloomberg.ca/three-cheers-for-amazon-s-human-eavesdroppers-1.1243033">
    break their users' 
      friends non-disclosure agreements</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201902080">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2019-02</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>The HP <a
    href="https://boingboing.net/2019/02/08/inkjet-dystopias.html">
    “ink subscription” cartridges have DRM that constantly
    communicates with HP servers</a> to make sure the user is still
    paying for the subscription, and associates</a>.</p> hasn't printed more pages than were
    paid for.</p>

    <p>Even nastier, they do though the ink subscription program may be cheaper in some
    specific cases, it through ad networks spies on users, and involves totally unacceptable
    restrictions in the use of ink cartridges that merge would otherwise be in
    working order.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201808120">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2018-08</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Crackers found a way to break the data
      collected by various cr…apps security of an Amazon device,
    and sites made by different 
      companies.</p>

      <p>They <a href="https://boingboing.net/2018/08/12/alexa-bob-carol.html">
    turn it into a listening device</a> for them.</p>

    <p>It was very difficult for them to do this. The job would be much
    easier for Amazon. And if some government such as China or the US
    told Amazon to do this, or cease to sell the product in that country,
    do you think Amazon would have the moral fiber to say no?</p>

    <p><small>(These crackers are probably hackers too, but please <a
    href="https://stallman.org/articles/on-hacking.html"> don't use this data
    “hacking” to manipulate people mean “breaking security”</a>.)</small></p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201804140">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2018-04</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>A medical insurance company <a
    href="https://wolfstreet.com/2018/04/14/our-dental-insurance-sent-us-free-internet-connected-toothbrushes-and-this-is-what-happened-next">
    offers a gratis electronic toothbrush that snoops on its user by
    sending usage data back over the Internet</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201706204">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2017-06</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Lots of “smart” products are designed <a
    href="http://enews.cnet.com/ct/42931641:shoPz52LN:m:1:1509237774:B54C9619E39F7247C0D58117DD1C7E96:r:27417204357610908031812337994022">to
    listen to buy things, and hunt 
      for “whales” who everyone in the house, all the time</a>.</p>

    <p>Today's technological practice does not include any way of making
    a device that can obey your voice commands without potentially spying
    on you.  Even if it is air-gapped, it could be led saving up records
    about you for later examination.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201407170">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2014-07</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p id="nest-thermometers">Nest thermometers send <a
    href="http://bgr.com/2014/07/17/google-nest-jailbreak-hack">a lot of
    data about the user</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201310260">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2013-10</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p><a
    href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180911191954/http://consumerman.com/Rent-to-own%20giant%20accused%20of%20spying%20on%20its%20customers.htm">
    Rent-to-own computers were programmed to spend spy on their renters</a>.</p>
  </li>
</ul>


<div class="big-subsection">
  <h4 id="SpywareOnWearables">Wearables</h4>
  <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#SpywareOnWearables">#SpywareOnWearables</a>)</span>
</div>

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M201807260">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2018-07</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Tommy Hilfiger clothing <a
    href="https://www.theguardian.com/fashion/2018/jul/26/tommy-hilfiger-new-clothing-line-monitor-customers">will
    monitor how often people wear it</a>.</p>

    <p>This will teach the sheeple to find it normal that companies
    monitor every aspect of what they do.</p>
  </li>
</ul>


<h5 id="SpywareOnSmartWatches">“Smart” Watches</h5>

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M202009100">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2020-09</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Internet-enabled watches with proprietary software
    are malware, violating people (specially children's)
    privacy. In addition, they have a lot of money. security flaws. They 
      also use a back door <a
    href="https://www.wired.com/story/kid-smartwatch-security-vulnerabilities/">
    permit security breakers (and unauthorized people) to manipulate access</a> the game play for specific players.</p>

      <p>While watch.</p>

    <p>Thus, ill-intentioned unauthorized people can intercept communications between parent and child and spoof messages to and from the article describes gratis games, games watch, possibly endangering the child.</p>

    <p><small>(Note that cost money 
      can use this article misuses the same tactics.</p> word “<a
    href="/philosophy/words-to-avoid.html#Hacker">hackers</a>”
    to mean “crackers.”)</small></p>
  </li>
</ul>

<!-- #SpywareAtRecreation

  <li id="M201603020">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2016-03</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
<div class="big-section">
  <h3 id="SpywareAtRecreation">Spyware
    <p>A very cheap “smart watch” comes with an Android app <a
    href="https://www.theregister.co.uk/2016/03/02/chinese_backdoor_found_in_ebays_popular_cheap_smart_watch/">
    that connects to an unidentified site in China</a>.</p>

    <p>The article says this is a back door, but that could be a
    misunderstanding.  However, it is certainly surveillance, at Recreation</h3> least.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201407090">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2014-07</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>An LG “smart” watch is designed <a
    href="http://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/2014/07/09/lg-kizon-smart-watch_n_5570234.html">
    to report its location to someone else and to transmit conversations
    too</a>.</p>
  </li>
</ul>


<div class="big-subsection">
  <h4 id="SpywareInVehicles">Vehicles</h4>
  <span class="anchor-reference-id">
    (<a href="#SpywareAtRecreation">#SpywareAtRecreation</a>)</span> class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#SpywareInVehicles">#SpywareInVehicles</a>)</span>
</div>
<div style="clear: left;"></div>

<ul>
  <li><p>Users are suing Bose

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M202105130">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2021-05</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p><a
    href="https://gizmodo.com/get-ready-for-in-car-ads-1846888390">Ford
    is planning to force ads on drivers in cars</a>, with the ability for
    the owner to pay extra to turn them off. The system probably imposes
    surveillance on drivers too.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M202008181">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2020-08</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>New Toyotas will <a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-switch/wp/2017/04/19/bose-headphones-have-been-spying-on-their-customers-lawsuit-claims/">
	distributing
    href="https://www.theregister.com/2020/08/18/aws_toyota_alliance/">
    upload data to AWS to help create custom insurance premiums</a>
    based on driver behaviour.</p>

    <p>Before you buy a spyware app for “connected” car, make sure you can
    disconnect its headphones</a>.
      Specifically, the app would cellular antenna and its GPS antenna.  If you want
    GPS navigation, get a separate navigator which runs free software
    and works with Open Street Map.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201912171">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2019-12</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Most modern cars now <a
    href="https://boingboing.net/2019/12/17/cars-now-run-on-the-new-oil.html">
    record the names and send various kinds of data to the audio files
      users listen manufacturer</a>. For
    the user, access to along the data is nearly impossible, as it involves
    cracking the car's computer, which is always hidden and running with
    proprietary software.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201903290">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2019-03</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Tesla cars collect lots of personal data, and <a
    href="https://www.cnbc.com/2019/03/29/tesla-model-3-keeps-data-like-crash-videos-location-phone-contacts.html">
    when they go to a junkyard the headphone's unique serial number.
    </p> driver's personal data goes with
    them</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201902011">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2019-02</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>The suit accuses FordPass Connect feature of some Ford vehicles has <a
    href="https://www.myfordpass.com/content/ford_com/fp_app/en_us/termsprivacy.html">
    near-complete access to the internal car network</a>. It is constantly
    connected to the cellular phone network and sends Ford a lot of data,
    including car location. This feature operates even when the ignition
    key is removed, and users report that they can't disable it.</p>

    <p>If you own one of these cars, have you succeeded in breaking the
    connectivity by disconnecting the cellular modem, or wrapping the
    antenna in aluminum foil?</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201811300">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2018-11</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>In China, it is mandatory for electric
    cars to be equipped with a terminal that <a
    href="https://www.apnews.com/4a749a4211904784826b45e812cff4ca">
    transfers technical data, including car location,
    to a government-run platform</a>. In practice, <a
    href="/proprietary/proprietary-surveillance.html#car-spying">
    manufacturers collect this was done without data</a> as part of their own spying, then
    forward it to the users' consent.
      If government-run platform.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201810230">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2018-10</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>GM <a
    href="https://boingboing.net/2018/10/23/dont-touch-that-dial.html">
    tracked the fine print choices of radio programs</a> in its
    “connected” cars, minute by minute.</p>

    <p>GM did not get users' consent, but it could have got that easily by
    sneaking it into the app said contract that users gave consent sign for this,
      would some digital service
    or other. A requirement for consent is effectively no protection.</p>

    <p>The cars can also collect lots of other data: listening to you,
    watching you, following your movements, tracking passengers' cell
    phones. <em>All</em> such data collection should be forbidden.</p>

    <p>But if you really want to be safe, we must make sure the car's
    hardware cannot collect any of that data, or that the software
    is free so we know it won't collect any of that data.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201711230">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2017-11</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>AI-powered driving apps can <a
    href="https://www.vice.com/en/article/43nz9p/ai-powered-driving-apps-can-track-your-every-move">
    track your every move</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201607160">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2016-07</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p id="car-spying">Computerized cars with nonfree software are <a
    href="http://www.thelowdownblog.com/2016/07/your-cars-been-studying-you-closely-and.html">
    snooping devices</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201602240">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2016-02</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p id="nissan-modem">The Nissan Leaf has a built-in
    cell phone modem which allows effectively anyone to <a
    href="https://www.troyhunt.com/controlling-vehicle-features-of-nissan/">
    access its computers remotely and make changes in various
    settings</a>.</p>

    <p>That's easy to do because the system has no authentication
    when accessed through the modem.  However, even if it acceptable? No way! It should asked
    for authentication, you couldn't be flat out confident that Nissan
    has no access.  The software in the car is proprietary, <a href="/philosophy/surveillance-vs-democracy.html">
	illegal
    href="/philosophy/free-software-even-more-important.html">which means
    it demands blind faith from its users</a>.</p>

    <p>Even if no one connects to design the app car remotely, the cell phone modem
    enables the phone company to snoop track the car's movements all the time;
    it is possible to physically remove the cell phone modem, though.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201306140">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2013-06</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Tesla cars allow the company to extract
    data remotely and determine the car's location
    at all</a>.
    </p> any time. (See Section 2, paragraphs b and c of the <a
    href="https://www.tesla.com/sites/default/files/pdfs/en_US/tmi_privacy_statement_external_6-14-2013_v2.pdf">
    privacy statement</a>.) The company says it doesn't store this
    information, but if the state orders it to get the data and hand it
    over, the state can store it.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201303250">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2013-03</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p id="records-drivers">Proprietary software in cars <a
    href="http://www.usatoday.com/story/money/cars/2013/03/24/car-spying-edr-data-privacy/1991751/">
    records information about drivers' movements</a>, which is made
    available to car manufacturers, insurance companies, and others.</p>

    <p>The case of toll-collection systems, mentioned in this article,
    is not really a matter of proprietary surveillance. These systems
    are an intolerable invasion of privacy, and should be replaced with
    anonymous payment systems, but the invasion isn't done by malware. The
    other cases mentioned are done by proprietary malware in the car.</p>
  </li>
</ul>

<!-- #SpywareOnTheWeb


<div class="big-subsection">
  <h4 id="SpywareInVR">Virtual Reality</h4>
  <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#SpywareInVR">#SpywareInVR</a>)</span>
</div>

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M202008182">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2020-08</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Oculus headsets <a
    href="https://www.theverge.com/2020/8/18/21372435/oculus-facebook-login-change-separate-account-support-end-quest-october">require
    users to identify themselves to Facebook</a>. This will give Facebook
    free rein to pervasively snoop on Oculus users.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201612230">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2016-12</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>VR equipment, measuring every slight motion,
    creates the potential for the most intimate
    surveillance ever. All it takes to make this potential real <a
    href="https://theintercept.com/2016/12/23/virtual-reality-allows-the-most-detailed-intimate-digital-surveillance-yet/">is
    software as malicious as many other programs listed in this
    page</a>.</p>

    <p>You can bet Facebook will implement the maximum possible
    surveillance on Oculus Rift devices. The moral is, never trust a VR
    system with nonfree software in it.</p>
  </li>
</ul>



<div class="big-section">
  <h3 id="SpywareOnTheWeb">Spyware on the Web</h3>
  <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#SpywareOnTheWeb">#SpywareOnTheWeb</a>)</span>
</div>
<div style="clear: left;"></div>

<p>In addition, many web sites spy on their visitors.  Web sites are not
   programs, so it
   <a href="/philosophy/network-services-arent-free-or-nonfree.html">
   makes no sense to call them “free” or “proprietary”</a>,
   but the surveillance is an abuse all the same.</p>

<ul>
  <li><p>When

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M201904210">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2019-04</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>As of April 2019, it is <a
    href="https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/software/major-browsers-to-prevent-disabling-of-click-tracking-privacy-risk/">no
    longer possible to disable an
    unscrupulous tracking anti-feature</a> that <a
    href="https://html.spec.whatwg.org/multipage/links.html#hyperlink-auditing">reports
    users when they follow ping links</a> in Apple Safari, Google Chrome,
    Opera, Microsoft Edge and also in the upcoming Microsoft Edge that is
    going to be based on Chromium.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201901101">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2019-01</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Until 2015, any tweet that listed a geographical tag <a
    href="http://web-old.archive.org/web/20190115233002/https://www.wired.com/story/twitter-location-data-gps-privacy/">
    sent the precise GPS location to Twitter's server</a>. It still
    contains these GPS locations.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201805170">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2018-05</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>The Storyful program <a
    href="https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/may/17/revealed-how-storyful-uses-tool-monitor-what-journalists-watch">spies
    on the reporters that use it</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201701060">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2017-01</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>When a page uses Disqus
    for comments, <a href="https://blog.dantup.com/2017/01/visiting-a-site-that-uses-disqus-comments-when-not-logged-in-sends-the-url-to-facebook">the the proprietary Disqus software loads <a
    href="https://blog.dantup.com/2017/01/visiting-a-site-that-uses-disqus-comments-when-not-logged-in-sends-the-url-to-facebook">loads
    a Facebook software package into the browser of every anonymous visitor
    to the page, and makes the page's URL available to Facebook</a>.
  </p></li>

  <li><p>Online Facebook</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201612064">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2016-12</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Online sales, with tracking and surveillance of customers, <a
    href="https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/dec/06/cookie-monsters-why-your-browsing-history-could-mean-rip-off-prices">enables
    businesses to show different people different prices</a>. Most of
    the tracking is done by recording interactions with servers, but
    proprietary software contributes.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p><a href="http://japandailypress.com/government-warns-agencies-against-using-chinas-baidu-application-after-data-transmissions-discovered-2741553/">
      Baidu's Japanese-input and Chinese-input apps spy on users.</a></p>
  </li>

  <li><p>Pages that contain “Like” buttons
      <a href="http://www.smh.com.au/technology/technology-news/facebooks-privacy-lie-aussie-exposes-tracking-as-new-patent-uncovered-20111004-1l61i.html">
      enable Facebook to track visitors

  <li id="M201405140">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2014-05</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p><a
    href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190421070310/https://www.itproportal.com/2014/05/14/microsoft-openly-offered-cloud-data-fbi-and-nsa/">
    Microsoft SkyDrive allows the NSA to those pages</a>—even
      users that don't have Facebook accounts.</p> directly examine users'
    data</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p>Many

  <li id="M201210240">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2012-10</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Many web sites rat their visitors to advertising
    networks that track users.  Of the top 1000 web sites, <a
    href="https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/research/privacy-at-bclt/web-privacy-census/">84%
    (as of 5/17/2012) fed their visitors third-party cookies, allowing
    other sites to track them</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p>Many

  <li id="M201208210">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2012-08</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Many web sites report all their visitors
    to Google by using the Google Analytics service, which <a
    href="http://www.pcworld.idg.com.au/article/434164/google_analytics_breaks_norwegian_privacy_laws_local_agency_said/">
    tells Google the IP address and the page that was visited.</a></p> visited</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p>Many

  <li id="M201200000">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">[2012]</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Many web sites try to collect users' address books (the user's list
    of other people's phone numbers or email addresses).  This violates
    the privacy of those other people.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p><a href="http://www.itproportal.com/2014/05/14/microsoft-openly-offered-cloud-data-fbi-and-nsa/">
      Microsoft SkyDrive allows the NSA

  <li id="M201110040">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2011-10</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Pages that contain “Like” buttons <a
    href="https://www.smh.com.au/technology/facebooks-privacy-lie-aussie-exposes-tracking-as-new-patent-uncovered-20111004-1l61i.html">
    enable Facebook to directly examine users' data</a>.</p> track visitors to those pages</a>—even users
    that don't have Facebook accounts.</p>
  </li>
</ul>

<!-- WEBMASTERS: make sure to place new items on top under each subsection -->


<div class="big-subsection">
  <h4 id="SpywareInFlash">Spyware in JavaScript and Flash</h4> id="SpywareInJavaScript">JavaScript</h4>
  <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#SpywareInFlash">#SpywareInFlash</a>)</span> href="#SpywareInJavaScript">#SpywareInJavaScript</a>)</span>
</div>

<ul>
  <li>

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M201811270">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2018-11</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Many web sites use JavaScript code <a
    href="http://gizmodo.com/before-you-hit-submit-this-company-has-already-logge-1795906081">
    to snoop on information that users have typed into a
    form but not sent</a>, in order to learn their identity. Some are <a
    href="https://www.manatt.com/insights/newsletters/advertising-law/sites-illegally-tracked-consumers-new-suits-allege">
    getting sued</a> for this.</p>

    <p>The chat facilities of some customer services use the same sort of
    malware to <a
    href="https://gizmodo.com/be-warned-customer-service-agents-can-see-what-youre-t-1830688119">
    read what the user is typing before it is posted</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201807190">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2018-07</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>British Airways used <a
    href="https://www.theverge.com/2018/7/19/17591732/british-airways-gdpr-compliance-twitter-personal-data-security">nonfree
    JavaScript on its web site to give other companies personal data on
    its customers</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201712300">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2017-12</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Some JavaScript malware <a
    href="https://www.theverge.com/2017/12/30/16829804/browser-password-manager-adthink-princeton-research">
    swipes usernames from browser-based password managers</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li>

  <li id="M201711150">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2017-11</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Some websites send
    JavaScript code to collect all the user's input, <a
    href="https://freedom-to-tinker.com/2017/11/15/no-boundaries-exfiltration-of-personal-data-by-session-replay-scripts/">which
    can then be used to reproduce the whole session</a>.</p>

    <p>If you use LibreJS, it will block that malicious JavaScript
    code.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p>Many web sites use
</ul>


<div class="big-subsection">
  <h4 id="SpywareInFlash">Flash</h4>
  <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#SpywareInFlash">#SpywareInFlash</a>)</span>
</div>

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M201310110">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2013-10</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Flash and JavaScript code <a
    href="http://gizmodo.com/before-you-hit-submit-this-company-has-already-logge-1795906081">
    to snoop on information that users have typed into a form but not
    sent</a>, in order to learn their identity. Some are <a
    href="https://www.manatt.com/Insights/Newsletters/Advertising-Law/Sites-Illegally-Tracked-Consumers-New-Suits-Allege">
    getting sued</a> used for this.</p> <a
    href="http://arstechnica.com/security/2013/10/top-sites-and-maybe-the-nsa-track-users-with-device-fingerprinting/">
    “fingerprinting” devices</a> to identify users.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p>Flash

  <li id="M201003010">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2010-03</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Flash Player's <a href="http://www.imasuper.com/66/technology/flash-cookies-the-silent-privacy-killer/">
    href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200808151607/http://www.imasuper.com/2008/10/09/flash-cookies-the-silent-privacy-killer/">
    cookie feature helps web sites track visitors</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p>Flash and JavaScript are also used for
      <a href="http://arstechnica.com/security/2013/10/top-sites-and-maybe-the-nsa-track-users-with-device-fingerprinting/">
      “fingerprinting” devices</a> to identify users.</p>
  </li>
</ul>

<!-- WEBMASTERS: make sure to place new items on top under each subsection -->


<div class="big-subsection">
  <h4 id="SpywareInChrome">Spyware in Chrome</h4> id="SpywareInChrome">Chrome</h4>
  <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#SpywareInChrome">#SpywareInChrome</a>)</span>
</div>

<ul>
  <li><p>Google

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M201906220">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2019-06</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Google Chrome is an <a href="https://www.brad-x.com/2013/08/04/google-chrome-is-spyware/">
	spies on browser history, affiliations</a>,
    href="https://www.mercurynews.com/2019/06/21/google-chrome-has-become-surveillance-software-its-time-to-switch/">
    instrument of surveillance</a>. It lets thousands of trackers invade
    users' computers and other installed software.
    </p>
  </li>
  <li><p>Google Chrome contains report the sites they visit to advertising and
    data companies, first of all to Google. Moreover, if users have a key logger that
    Gmail account, Chrome automatically logs them in to the browser for
    more convenient profiling. On Android, Chrome also reports their
    location to Google.</p>

    <p>The best way to escape surveillance is to switch to <a href="http://www.favbrowser.com/google-chrome-spyware-confirmed/">
	sends Google every URL typed in</a>, one key at
    href="/software/icecat/">IceCat</a>, a time.</p> modified version of Firefox
    with several changes to protect users' privacy.</p>
  </li>
  
  <li><p>Google Chrome includes a module

  <li id="M201704131">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2017-04</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Low-priced Chromebooks for schools are <a
    href="https://www.eff.org/wp/school-issued-devices-and-student-privacy">
    collecting far more data on students than is necessary, and store
    it indefinitely</a>. Parents and students complain about the lack
    of transparency on the part of both the educational services and the
    schools, the difficulty of opting out of these services, and the lack
    of proper privacy policies, among other things.</p>

    <p>But complaining is not sufficient. Parents, students and teachers
    should realize that the software Google uses to spy on students is
    nonfree, so they can't verify what it really does. The only remedy is
    to persuade school officials to <a href="https://www.privateinternetaccess.com/blog/2015/06/google-chrome-listening-in-to-your-room-shows-the-importance-of-privacy-defense-in-depth/">
	activates microphones href="/education/edu-schools.html">
    exclusively use free software</a> for both education and transmits audio school
    administration. If the school is run locally, parents and teachers
    can mandate their representatives at the School Board to its servers</a>.</p> refuse the
    budget unless the school initiates a switch to free software. If
    education is run nation-wide, they need to persuade legislators
    (e.g., through free software organizations, political parties,
    etc.) to migrate the public schools to free software.</p>
  </li>
  
  <li><p>Google

  <li id="M201507280">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2015-07</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Google Chrome makes it easy for an extension to do <a
    href="https://labs.detectify.com/2015/07/28/how-i-disabled-your-chrome-security-extensions/">total
    snooping on the user's browsing</a>, and many of them do so.</p>
  </li>
</ul>


<!-- #SpywareInDrones

  <li id="M201506180">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2015-06</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
<div class="big-section">
  <h3 id="SpywareInDrones">Spyware in Drones</h3>
  <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#SpywareInDrones">#SpywareInDrones</a>)</span>
</div>
<div style="clear: left;"></div>

<ul>
  <li>
    <p>While you're using
    <p>Google Chrome includes a DJI drone module that <a
    href="https://www.privateinternetaccess.com/blog/google-chrome-listening-in-to-your-room-shows-the-importance-of-privacy-defense-in-depth/">
    activates microphones and transmits audio to snoop its servers</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201308040">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2013-08</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Google Chrome <a
    href="https://www.brad-x.com/2013/08/04/google-chrome-is-spyware/">
    spies on browser history, affiliations</a>, and other people, DJI is in many
      cases installed
    software.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M200809060">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2008-09</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Google Chrome contains a key logger that <a href="https://www.theverge.com/2017/8/4/16095244/us-army-stop-using-dji-drones-cybersecurity">snooping on you</a>.</p>
    href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190126075111/http://www.favbrowser.com/google-chrome-spyware-confirmed/">
    sends Google every URL typed in</a>, one key at a time.</p>
  </li>
</ul>


<!-- #SpywareEverywhere -->



<div class="big-section">
  <h3 id="SpywareEverywhere">Spyware Everywhere</h3> id="SpywareInNetworks">Spyware in Networks</h3>
  <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#SpywareEverywhere">#SpywareEverywhere</a>)</span> href="#SpywareInNetworks">#SpywareInNetworks</a>)</span>
</div>
<div style="clear: left;"></div>

<ul>
  <li><p>The natural extension

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M202105060">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2021-05</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p><a
    href="https://me2ba.org/me2ba-product-testing-spotlight-report-published-data-sharing-in-primary-secondary-school-mobile-apps-2/">60%
    of monitoring people through 
      “their” phones school apps are sending student data to potentially high-risk
    third parties</a>, putting students and possibly all other school
    workers under surveillance. This is <a 
      href="http://www.northwestern.edu/newscenter/stories/2016/01/fool-activity-tracker.html"> made possible by using unsafe
    and proprietary software programs made by data-hungry corporations.</p>

    <p><small>Please note that whether students consent to make sure they can't “fool” this or not,
    doesn't justify the 
      monitoring</a>.</p> surveillance they're imposed to.</small></p>
  </li>

  <li><p><a href="http://www.pocket-lint.com/news/134954-cortana-is-always-listening-with-new-wake-on-voice-tech-even-when-windows-10-is-sleeping">
      Intel devices will be able

  <li id="M202105030">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2021-05</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>The United States' government is reportedly considering <a
    href="https://www.infosecurity-magazine.com/news/private-companies-may-spy-on/">teaming
    up with private companies to listen for speech all monitor American citizens' private online
    activity and digital communications</a>.</p>

    <p>What creates the time, even when “off.”</a></p> opportunity to try this is the fact that these
    companies are already snooping on users' private activities. That
    in turn is due to people's use of nonfree software which snoops,
    and online dis-services which snoop.</p>
  </li>
</ul>

<!-- #SpywareInVR

  <li id="M202102160">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2021-02</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
<div class="big-section">
    <h3 id="SpywareInVR">Spyware In VR</h3>
    <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#SpywareInVR">#SpywareInVR</a>)</span>
</div>
<div style="clear: left;"></div>

<ul>
  <li><p>VR equipment, measuring every slight motion, creates
    <p>Google <a
    href="https://www.indiatoday.in/technology/news/story/disha-ravi-arrest-puts-privacy-of-all-google-india-users-in-doubt-1769772-2021-02-16">handed
    over personal data of Indian protesters and activists to Indian
    police</a> which led to their arrest. The cops requested the
      potential for IP
    address and the most intimate location where a document was created and with that
    information, they identified protesters and activists.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M202012250">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2020-12</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>The HonorLock online exam
    proctoring program is a surveillance ever. All it takes
      to make this potential
      real tool that <a href="https://theintercept.com/2016/12/23/virtual-reality-allows-the-most-detailed-intimate-digital-surveillance-yet/">is
      software as malicious
    href="https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2020/09/students-are-pushing-back-against-proctoring-surveillance-apps">tracks
    students and collects data</a> such as face, driving license, and
    network information, among others, in blatant violation of students'
    privacy.</p>

    <p>Preventing students from cheating should not be an excuse for
    running malware/spyware on their computers, and it's good that students
    are protesting. But their petitions overlook a crucial issue, namely,
    the injustice of being forced to run nonfree software in order to
    get an education.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M202009070">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2020-09</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>While the world is still
    struggling with COVID-19 coronavirus, many other <a
    href="https://mashable.com/article/privacy-in-the-age-of-coronavirus/">people
    are in danger of surveillance</a> and their computers are infected
    with malware as a result of installing proprietary software.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M202004301">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2020-04</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Proprietary programs listed Google Meet, Microsoft Teams, and WebEx <a
    href="https://www.consumerreports.org/video-conferencing-services/videoconferencing-privacy-issues-google-microsoft-webex/">are
    collecting user's personal and identifiable data</a> including how long
    a call lasts, who's participating in the call, and the IP addresses
    of everyone taking part. From experience, this
      page</a>.</p>

    <p>You can bet Facebook will implement the maximum possible
      surveillance even harm users
    physically if those companies hand over data to governments.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201905281">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2019-05</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Microsoft <a
    href="https://answers.microsoft.com/en-us/outlook_com/forum/all/why-does-my-new-e-mail-account-need-a-phone-number/70049eaf-3b66-4d02-87cc-79dc73c2ea08">forces
    people to give their phone number</a> in order to be able to create an account on Oculus Rift devices. The moral is, never trust a
      VR system with
    the company's network. On top of mistreating their users by providing
    nonfree software in it.</p> software, Microsoft is tracking their lives outside the computer and
    violates their privacy.</p>
  </li>
</ul>


</div><!--

  <li id="M201902040">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2019-02</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Google invites people to <a
    href="https://www.commondreams.org/views/2019/02/04/google-screenwise-unwise-trade-all-your-privacy-cash?cd-origin=rss">
    let Google monitor their phone use, and all internet use in their
    homes, for id="content", starts an extravagant payment of $20</a>.</p>

    <p>This is not a malicious functionality of a program with some other
    purpose; this is the software's sole purpose, and Google says so. But
    Google says it in a way that encourages most people to ignore the include above
    details. That, we believe, makes it fitting to list here.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201808131">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2018-08</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p><a
    href="https://www.theverge.com/2018/8/13/17684660/google-turn-off-location-history-data">Google
    will track people even if people turn off location history</a>, using
    Google Maps, weather updates, and browser searches. Google basically
    uses any app activity to track people.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201808130">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2018-08</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Since the beginning of 2017, <a
    href="https://qz.com/1131515/google-collects-android-users-locations-even-when-location-services-are-disabled/">Android
    phones have been collecting the addresses of nearby cellular
    towers</a>, even when location services are disabled, and sending
    that data back to Google.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201606030">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2016-06</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Investigation Shows <a
    href="https://www.techdirt.com/articles/20160602/17210734610/investigation-shows-gchq-using-us-companies-nsa-to-route-around-domestic-surveillance-restrictions.shtml">GCHQ
    Using US Companies, NSA To Route Around Domestic Surveillance
    Restrictions</a>.</p>

    <p>Specifically, it can collect the emails of members of Parliament
    this way, because they pass it through Microsoft.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201212290">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2012-12</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>The Cisco TNP IP phones are <a
    href="http://boingboing.net/2012/12/29/your-cisco-phone-is-listening.html">
    spying devices</a>.</p>
  </li>
</ul>
</div>

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