How to Translate Using PO Files
This is a very simple guide to help translators with little computer knowledge do their work using the Gettext PO file format. It assumes that the coordinator will complete strings such as the footnotes.
Guide to Translating Using PO Files
1. The first step is to install a specific program to edit .po files; for example gTranslator, Kbabel, Poedit, among others. All these programs work more or less in the same way. In this guide we will use Poedit as an example.
2. Download the template that contains the last version of the
original page in English. This file is called POT (PO Template). You
will find it in the
/po/ subdirectory, which is located
immediately after the directory that contains the page you want to
translate. For example, if the page is in
/gnu/, like this:
And there you will find:
3. Rename about-gnu.pot to about-gnu.es.po.
4. Open about-gnu.es.po with Poedit. Then go to Catalog > Settings and fill in the fields as follows:
Project name and version: about-gnu.html Team: Spanish Team's email address: firstname.lastname@example.org Language: Spanish Country: You can leave this field blank Charset: UTF-8 Source code charset: You can leave this field blank Plural forms: nplurals=2; plural=(n!=1);
Save by clicking OK.
5. Select View > Comments and View > Automatic Comments. That way, in the lower right corner of the window you will see any instructions present in the English HTML page that are useful for translators.
6. In the main window of Poedit, you will see that all strings are in English (“strings” are lines of text, such as titles and paragraphs). One by one, you start translating those strings.
Links. You will see that all links are in HTML format, like this:
<a href="/gnu/gnu.html">Other historical and general articles about GNU</a>.
In all links, what you need to translate is only the text that appears between “>” and “</a>”. Thus, in the example above, you only need to translate the sentence “Other historical and general articles about GNU” and leave the rest untouched. The best way to do this is to copy the complete original link, paste it in your translation, and then replace “Other historical and general articles about GNU” with its translation in Spanish.
Quotation marks. Quotation marks in English are: “ ”. Replace them with the Spanish quotation marks: « ». In the Spanish keyboard, you get them by doing AltGr+z and AltGr+x.
- Foreign and emphatic words. Foreign words in the Spanish text
are marked like this:
<cite>foreign word</cite>. For emphasis, use
7. The following strings are special:
- *GNUN-SLOT: TRANSLATOR'S NOTES*
Unless we have a translation note, this string is "translated" with a blank space; that is, press the space bar once. (see XXX for instructions on how to put translation notes).
- *GNUN-SLOT: TRANSLATOR'S CREDITS*
Do not translate.
- Copyright © 2012 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
Copy and paste verbatim.
8. Do not translate the following strings:
Please send general FSF & GNU inquiries to <a href=\"mailto:email@example.com\"><firstname.lastname@example.org></a>. There are also <a href=\"/contact/\">other ways to contact</a> the FSF.
Please send broken links and other corrections or suggestions to <a href=\"mailto:email@example.com\"><firstname.lastname@example.org>/a>.
Please see the <a href=\"/server/standards/README.translations.html\">Translations README</a> for information on coordinating and submitting translations of this article.
This page is licensed under a <a rel=\"license\" href=\"http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/3.0/us/\"> Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivs 3.0 United States License</a>.
9. When you are finished, close Poedit and open about-gnu.es.po with a normal text editor, for example Gedit. Then edit the header as follows:
# LANGUAGE translation of http://www.gnu.org/gnu/about-gnu.html
# Spanish translation of http://www.gnu.org/gnu/about-gnu.html
Replace the YEAR in:
# Copyright (C) YEAR Free Software Foundation, Inc.
with the year the translation was made (for example, 2012):
#Copyright (C) 2012 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
Leave the following comment as is:
# This file is distributed under the same license as the original article.
Replace the following comment:
# FIRST AUTHOR <EMAIL@ADDRESS>, YEAR.
with your own data and the year you made the translation:
# Your Name <email@example.com>, 2012.
10. Leave the following as is:
msgid "" msgstr "" "Project-Id-Version: "POT-Creation-Date: "PO-Revision-Date: "Last-Translator: "Language-Team: "MIME-Version: "Content-Type: "Content-Transfer-Encoding: