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2.2.12 Automatic Dependency Tracking

Dependency tracking is performed as a side-effect of compilation. Each time the build system compiles a source file, it computes its list of dependencies (in C these are the header files included by the source being compiled). Later, any time make is run and a dependency appears to have changed, the dependent files will be rebuilt.

Automake generates code for automatic dependency tracking by default, unless the developer chooses to override it; for more information, see Automatic dependency tracking.

When configure is executed, you can see it probing each compiler for the dependency mechanism it supports (several mechanisms can be used):

~/amhello-1.0 % ./configure --prefix /usr
checking dependency style of gcc... gcc3

Because dependencies are only computed as a side-effect of the compilation, no dependency information exists the first time a package is built. This is OK because all the files need to be built anyway: make does not have to decide which files need to be rebuilt. In fact, dependency tracking is completely useless for one-time builds and there is a configure option to disable this:


Speed up one-time builds.

Some compilers do not offer any practical way to derive the list of dependencies as a side-effect of the compilation, requiring a separate run (maybe of another tool) to compute these dependencies. The performance penalty implied by these methods is important enough to disable them by default. The option --enable-dependency-tracking must be passed to configure to activate them.


Do not reject slow dependency extractors.

See Dependency Tracking Evolution in Brief History of Automake, for some discussion about the different dependency tracking schemes used by Automake over the years.

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