Various features of Automake can be controlled by options. Except where
noted otherwise, options can be specified in one of several ways. Most
options can be applied on a per-Makefile basis when listed in a
special Makefile variable named
of these options only make sense when specified in the toplevel
Makefile.am file. Options are applied globally to all processed
Makefile files when listed in the first argument of
AM_INIT_AUTOMAKE in configure.ac, and some options which
require changes to the configure script can only be specified
there. These are annotated below.
As a general rule, options specified in
precedence over those specified in
AM_INIT_AUTOMAKE, which in
turn take precedence over those specified on the command line.
Also, some care must be taken about the interactions among strictness level and warning categories. As a general rule, strictness-implied warnings are overridden by those specified by explicit options. For example, even if ‘portability’ warnings are disabled by default in foreign strictness, an usage like this will end up enabling them:
AUTOMAKE_OPTIONS = -Wportability foreign
However, a strictness level specified in a higher-priority context will override all the explicit warnings specified in a lower-priority context. For example, if configure.ac contains:
and Makefile.am contains:
AUTOMAKE_OPTIONS = foreign
then ‘portability’ warnings will be disabled in Makefile.am.