Before running Bison to produce a parser, we need to decide how to
arrange all the source code in one or more source files. For such a
simple example, the easiest thing is to put everything in one file,
the grammar file. The definitions of
main go at the end, in the epilogue of the grammar file
(see The Overall Layout of a Bison Grammar).
For a large project, you would probably have several source files, and use
make to arrange to recompile them.
With all the source in the grammar file, you use the following command to convert it into a parser implementation file:
$ bison file.y
In this example, the grammar file is called rpcalc.y (for
“Reverse Polish CALCulator”). Bison produces a parser
implementation file named file.tab.c, removing the
‘.y’ from the grammar file name. The parser implementation file
contains the source code for
yyparse. The additional functions
in the grammar file (
copied verbatim to the parser implementation file.