stat: Report file or file system status
stat displays information about the specified file(s). Synopsis:
stat [option]… [file]…
With no option,
stat reports all information about the given files.
But it also can be used to report the information of the file systems the
given files are located on. If the files are links,
also give information about the files the links point to.
Due to shell aliases and built-in
stat functions, using an
stat interactively or in a script may get you
different functionality than that described here. Invoke it via
env stat …) to avoid interference
from the shell.
stat treats symbolic links.
With this option,
stat acts on the file referenced
by each symbolic link argument.
stat acts on any symbolic link argument directly.
Report information about the file systems where the given files are located instead of information about the files themselves. This option implies the -L option.
Control how attributes are read from the file system; if supported by the system. This allows one to control the trade-off between freshness and efficiency of attribute access, especially useful with remote file systems. mode can be:
Always read the already cached attributes if available.
Always sychronize with the latest file system attributes. This also mounts automounted files.
Leave the caching behavior to the underlying file system.
Use format rather than the default format. format is automatically newline-terminated, so running a command like the following with two or more file operands produces a line of output for each operand:
$ stat --format=%d:%i / /usr 2050:2 2057:2
Use format rather than the default format. Like --format, but interpret backslash escapes, and do not output a mandatory trailing newline. If you want a newline, include ‘\n’ in the format. Here’s how you would use --printf to print the device and inode numbers of / and /usr:
$ stat --printf='%d:%i\n' / /usr 2050:2 2057:2
Print the information in terse form, suitable for parsing by other programs.
The output of the following commands are identical and the --format also identifies the items printed (in fuller form) in the default format. Note the format string would include another ‘%C’ at the end with an active SELinux security context.
$ stat --format="%n %s %b %f %u %g %D %i %h %t %T %X %Y %Z %W %o" ... $ stat --terse ...
The same illustrating terse output in --file-system mode:
$ stat -f --format="%n %i %l %t %s %S %b %f %a %c %d" ... $ stat -f --terse ...
The valid format directives for files with --format and --printf are:
The ‘%a’ format prints the octal mode, and so it is useful to control the zero padding of the output with the ‘#’ and ‘0’ printf flags. For example to pad to at least 3 wide while making larger numbers unambiguously octal, you can use ‘%#03a’.
The ‘%N’ format can be set with the environment variable
QUOTING_STYLE. If that environment variable is not set,
the default value is ‘shell-escape-always’. Valid quoting styles are:
Output strings as-is; this is the same as the --literal (-N) option.
Quote strings for the shell if they contain shell metacharacters or would
cause ambiguous output.
The quoting is suitable for POSIX-compatible shells like
bash, but it does not always work for incompatible shells
Quote strings for the shell, even if they would normally not require quoting.
Like ‘shell’, but also quoting non-printable characters using the POSIX proposed ‘$''’ syntax suitable for most shells.
Like ‘shell-escape’, but quote strings even if they would normally not require quoting.
Quote strings as for C character string literals, including the surrounding double-quote characters; this is the same as the --quote-name (-Q) option.
Quote strings as for C character string literals, except omit the surrounding double-quote characters; this is the same as the --escape (-b) option.
Quote strings as for C character string literals, except use surrounding quotation marks appropriate for the locale.
Quote strings as for C character string literals, except use surrounding quotation marks appropriate for the locale, and quote 'like this' instead of "like this" in the default C locale. This looks nicer on many displays.
The ‘r’, ‘R’, ‘%t’, and ‘%T’ formats operate on the st_rdev member of the stat(2) structure, i.e., the represented device rather than the containing device, and so are only defined for character and block special files. On some systems or file types, st_rdev may be used to represent other quantities.
The ‘%W’, ‘%X’, ‘%Y’, and ‘%Z’ formats accept a
precision preceded by a period to specify the number of digits to
print after the decimal point. For example, ‘%.3X’ outputs the
access timestamp to millisecond precision. If a period is given but no
stat uses 9 digits, so ‘%.X’ is equivalent to
‘%.9X’. When discarding excess precision, timestamps are truncated
toward minus infinity.
zero pad: $ stat -c '[%015Y]' /usr  space align: $ stat -c '[%15Y]' /usr [ 1288929712] $ stat -c '[%-15Y]' /usr [1288929712 ] precision: $ stat -c '[%.3Y]' /usr [1288929712.114] $ stat -c '[%.Y]' /usr [1288929712.114951834]
The mount point printed by ‘%m’ is similar to that output
df, except that:
When listing file system information (--file-system (-f)), you must use a different set of format directives:
Timestamps are listed according to the time zone rules specified by
TZ environment variable, or by the system default rules if
TZ is not set. See Specifying the Time Zone
TZ in The GNU C Library Reference Manual.
An exit status of zero indicates success, and a nonzero value indicates failure.