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These functions perform various arithmetic operations on numbers.

— Function: **cl-gcd**` &rest integers`

This function returns the Greatest Common Divisor of the arguments. For one argument, it returns the absolute value of that argument. For zero arguments, it returns zero.

— Function: **cl-lcm**` &rest integers`

This function returns the Least Common Multiple of the arguments. For one argument, it returns the absolute value of that argument. For zero arguments, it returns one.

— Function: **cl-isqrt**` integer`

This function computes the “integer square root” of its integer argument, i.e., the greatest integer less than or equal to the true square root of the argument.

— Function: **cl-floor**` number &optional divisor`

With one argument,

`cl-floor`

returns a list of two numbers: The argument rounded down (toward minus infinity) to an integer, and the “remainder” which would have to be added back to the first return value to yield the argument again. If the argument is an integerx, the result is always the list`(`

x`0)`

. If the argument is a floating-point number, the first result is a Lisp integer and the second is a Lisp float between 0 (inclusive) and 1 (exclusive).With two arguments,

`cl-floor`

dividesnumberbydivisor, and returns the floor of the quotient and the corresponding remainder as a list of two numbers. If`(cl-floor`

xy`)`

returns`(`

qr`)`

, thenq`*`

y`+`

r`=`

x, withrbetween 0 (inclusive) andr(exclusive). Also, note that`(cl-floor`

x`)`

is exactly equivalent to`(cl-floor`

x`1)`

.This function is entirely compatible with Common Lisp's

`floor`

function, except that it returns the two results in a list since Emacs Lisp does not support multiple-valued functions.

— Function: **cl-ceiling**` number &optional divisor`

This function implements the Common Lisp

`ceiling`

function, which is analogous to`floor`

except that it rounds the argument or quotient of the arguments up toward plus infinity. The remainder will be between 0 and minusr.

— Function: **cl-truncate**` number &optional divisor`

This function implements the Common Lisp

`truncate`

function, which is analogous to`floor`

except that it rounds the argument or quotient of the arguments toward zero. Thus it is equivalent to`cl-floor`

if the argument or quotient is positive, or to`cl-ceiling`

otherwise. The remainder has the same sign asnumber.

— Function: **cl-round**` number &optional divisor`

This function implements the Common Lisp

`round`

function, which is analogous to`floor`

except that it rounds the argument or quotient of the arguments to the nearest integer. In the case of a tie (the argument or quotient is exactly halfway between two integers), it rounds to the even integer.

— Function: **cl-mod**` number divisor`

This function returns the same value as the second return value of

`cl-floor`

.

— Function: **cl-rem**` number divisor`

This function returns the same value as the second return value of

`cl-truncate`

.

— Function: **cl-parse-integer**` string &key start end radix junk-allowed`

This function implements the Common Lisp

`parse-integer`

function. It parses an integer in the specifiedradixfrom the substring ofstringbetweenstartandend. Any leading and trailing whitespace chars are ignored. The function signals an error if the substring betweenstartandendcannot be parsed as an integer, unlessjunk-allowedis non-`nil`

.