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To the untutored eye, Lisp is a strange programming language. In Lisp code there are parentheses everywhere. Some people even claim that the name stands for “Lots of Isolated Silly Parentheses”. But the claim is unwarranted. Lisp stands for LISt Processing, and the programming language handles lists (and lists of lists) by putting them between parentheses. The parentheses mark the boundaries of the list. Sometimes a list is preceded by an apostrophe ‘'’, called a single-quote in Lisp.1 Lists are the basis of Lisp.
A single-quote is an
abbreviation for the special form
quote; you need not think
about special forms now.