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11.1 while

The while special form tests whether the value returned by evaluating its first argument is true or false. This is similar to what the Lisp interpreter does with an if; what the interpreter does next, however, is different.

In a while expression, if the value returned by evaluating the first argument is false, the Lisp interpreter skips the rest of the expression (the body of the expression) and does not evaluate it. However, if the value is true, the Lisp interpreter evaluates the body of the expression and then again tests whether the first argument to while is true or false. If the value returned by evaluating the first argument is again true, the Lisp interpreter again evaluates the body of the expression.

The template for a while expression looks like this:

     (while true-or-false-test
       body...)