Each Emacs Lisp package should have one main customization group which contains all the options, faces and other groups in the package. If the package has a small number of options and faces, use just one group and put everything in it. When there are more than twenty or so options and faces, then you should structure them into subgroups, and put the subgroups under the package's main customization group. It is OK to put some of the options and faces in the package's main group alongside the subgroups.
The package's main or only group should be a member of one or more of
the standard customization groups. (To display the full list of them,
use M-x customize.) Choose one or more of them (but not too
many), and add your group to each of them using the
The way to declare new customization groups is with
Declare group as a customization group containing members. Do not quote the symbol group. The argument doc specifies the documentation string for the group.
The argument members is a list specifying an initial set of customization items to be members of the group. However, most often members is
nil, and you specify the group's members by using the
:groupkeyword when defining those members.
If you want to specify group members through members, each element should have the form
). Here name is a symbol, and widget is a widget type for editing that symbol. Useful widgets are
custom-variablefor a variable,
custom-facefor a face, and
custom-groupfor a group.
When you introduce a new group into Emacs, use the
:versionkeyword in the
defgroup; then you need not use it for the individual members of the group.
In addition to the common keywords (see Common Keywords), you can also use this keyword in
- If the name of an item in the group starts with prefix, and the customizable variable
nil, the item's tag will omit prefix. A group can have any number of prefixes.
The variables and subgroups of a group are stored in the
custom-groupproperty of the group's symbol. See Symbol Plists. The value of that property is a list of pairs whose
caris the variable or subgroup symbol and the
If this variable is non-
nil, the prefixes specified by a group's
:prefixkeyword are omitted from tag names, whenever the user customizes the group.
The default value is
nil, i.e., the prefix-discarding feature is disabled. This is because discarding prefixes often leads to confusing names for options and faces.