A keymap can inherit the bindings of another keymap, which we call the parent keymap. Such a keymap looks like this:
(keymap elements… . parent-keymap)
The effect is that this keymap inherits all the bindings of parent-keymap, whatever they may be at the time a key is looked up, but can add to them or override them with elements.
If you change the bindings in parent-keymap using
keymap-set or other key-binding functions, these changed
bindings are visible in the inheriting keymap, unless shadowed by the
bindings made by elements. The converse is not true: if you use
keymap-set to change bindings in the inheriting keymap, these
changes are recorded in elements, but have no effect on
The proper way to construct a keymap with a parent is to use
set-keymap-parent; if you have code that directly constructs a
keymap with a parent, please convert the program to use
This returns the parent keymap of keymap. If keymap
has no parent,
This sets the parent keymap of keymap to parent, and returns
parent. If parent is
nil, this function gives
keymap no parent at all.
If keymap has submaps (bindings for prefix keys), they too receive new parent keymaps that reflect what parent specifies for those prefix keys.
Here is an example showing how to make a keymap that inherits
(let ((map (make-sparse-keymap))) (set-keymap-parent map text-mode-map) map)
A non-sparse keymap can have a parent too, but this is not very
useful. A non-sparse keymap always specifies something as the binding
for every numeric character code without modifier bits, even if it is
nil, so these character’s bindings are never inherited from
the parent keymap.
Sometimes you want to make a keymap that inherits from more than one
map. You can use the function
make-composed-keymap for this.
This function returns a new keymap composed of the existing keymap(s)
maps, and optionally inheriting from a parent keymap
parent. maps can be a single keymap or a list of more
than one. When looking up a key in the resulting new map, Emacs
searches in each of the maps in turn, and then in parent,
stopping at the first match. A
nil binding in any one of
maps overrides any binding in parent, but it does not
override any non-
nil binding in any other of the maps.
For example, here is how Emacs sets the parent of
help-mode-map, such that it inherits from both
(defvar-keymap help-mode-map :parent (make-composed-keymap button-buffer-map special-mode-map) ...)