This section describes the functions to create, delete and move overlays, and to examine their contents. Overlay changes are not recorded in the buffer’s undo list, since the overlays are not considered part of the buffer’s contents.
This function returns
t if object is an overlay.
This function creates and returns an overlay that belongs to buffer and ranges from start to end. Both start and end must specify buffer positions; they may be integers or markers. If buffer is omitted, the overlay is created in the current buffer.
An overlay whose start and end specify the same buffer position is known as empty. A non-empty overlay can become empty if the text between its start and end is deleted. When that happens, the overlay is by default not deleted, but you can cause it to be deleted by giving it the ‘evaporate’ property (see evaporate property).
The arguments front-advance and rear-advance specify what
happens when text is inserted at the beginning (i.e., before
start) and at the end. If they are both
default, then the overlay extends to include any text inserted at the
beginning, but not text inserted at the end. If front-advance
nil, text inserted at the beginning of the overlay is
excluded from the overlay. If rear-advance is non-
text inserted at the end of the overlay is included in the overlay.
This function returns the position at which overlay starts, as an integer.
This function returns the position at which overlay ends, as an integer.
This function returns the buffer that overlay belongs to. It
nil if overlay has been deleted.
This function deletes the specified overlay. The overlay continues to exist as a Lisp object, and its property list is unchanged, but it ceases to be attached to the buffer it belonged to, and ceases to have any effect on display.
A deleted overlay is not permanently disconnected. You can give it a
position in a buffer again by calling
This function moves overlay to buffer, and places its bounds at start and end in that buffer. Both arguments start and end must specify buffer positions; they may be integers or markers.
If buffer is omitted, overlay stays in the same buffer it was already associated with; if overlay was previously deleted (and thus isn’t associated with any buffer), it goes into the current buffer.
The return value is overlay.
This function is the only valid way to change the endpoints of an overlay.
This function removes all the overlays between start and end whose property name has the specified value. It can move the endpoints of the overlays in the region, or split them.
If name is omitted or
nil, it means to delete all overlays in
the specified region. If start and/or end are omitted or
nil, that means the beginning and end of the buffer respectively.
(remove-overlays) removes all the overlays in the
This function returns a copy of overlay. The copy has the same endpoints and properties as overlay. However, the text insertion type for the start of the overlay and for the end of the overlay are set to their default values.
Here are some examples:
;; Create an overlay. (setq foo (make-overlay 1 10)) ⇒ #<overlay from 1 to 10 in display.texi>
(overlay-start foo) ⇒ 1
(overlay-end foo) ⇒ 10 (overlay-buffer foo) ⇒ #<buffer display.texi> ;; Give it a property we can check later. (overlay-put foo 'happy t) ⇒ t ;; Verify the property is present. (overlay-get foo 'happy) ⇒ t
;; Move the overlay. (move-overlay foo 5 20) ⇒ #<overlay from 5 to 20 in display.texi> (overlay-start foo) ⇒ 5 (overlay-end foo) ⇒ 20
;; Delete the overlay. (delete-overlay foo) ⇒ nil ;; Verify it is deleted. foo ⇒ #<overlay in no buffer> ;; A deleted overlay has no position. (overlay-start foo) ⇒ nil (overlay-end foo) ⇒ nil (overlay-buffer foo) ⇒ nil
;; Undelete the overlay. (move-overlay foo 1 20) ⇒ #<overlay from 1 to 20 in display.texi> ;; Verify the results. (overlay-start foo) ⇒ 1 (overlay-end foo) ⇒ 20 (overlay-buffer foo) ⇒ #<buffer display.texi>
;; Moving and deleting the overlay does not change its properties. (overlay-get foo 'happy) ⇒ t