A window can get resized explicitly by using one of the functions from the preceding section or implicitly, for example, when resizing an adjacent window, when splitting or deleting a window (see Splitting Windows, see Deleting Windows) or when resizing the window’s frame (see Frame Size).
It is possible to avoid implicit resizing of a specific window when there are one or more other resizable windows on the same frame. For this purpose, Emacs must be advised to preserve the size of that window. There are two basic ways to do that.
If this buffer-local variable is non-
nil, the size of any window
displaying the buffer cannot normally be changed. Deleting a window or
changing the frame’s size may still change the window’s size, if there
is no choice.
If the value is
height, then only the window’s height is fixed;
if the value is
width, then only the window’s width is fixed.
Any other non-
nil value fixes both the width and the height.
If this variable is
nil, this does not necessarily mean that any
window showing the buffer can be resized in the desired direction. To
determine that, use the function
See Resizing Windows.
window-size-fixed is overly aggressive because it inhibits
any attempt to explicitly resize or split an affected window as well.
This may even happen after the window has been resized implicitly, for
example, when deleting an adjacent window or resizing the window’s
frame. The following function tries hard to never disallow resizing
such a window explicitly:
This function (un-)marks the height of window window as preserved
for future resize operations. window must be a live window and
defaults to the selected one. If the optional argument horizontal
nil, it (un-)marks the width of window as preserved.
If the optional argument preserve is
t, this means to
preserve the current height/width of window’s body. The
height/width of window will change only if Emacs has no better
choice. Resizing a window whose height/width is preserved by this
function never throws an error.
If preserve is
nil, this means to stop preserving the
height/width of window, lifting any respective restraint induced
by a previous call of this function for window. Calling
fit-window-to-buffer with window as argument may also
remove the respective restraint.
window-preserve-size is currently invoked by the following
If the optional argument preserve-size of that function
(see Resizing Windows) is non-
nil, the size established by
that function is preserved.
If the alist argument of that function (see Choosing a Window for Displaying a Buffer)
preserve-size entry, the size of the window produced
by that function is preserved.
window-preserve-size installs a window parameter (see Window Parameters) called
window-preserved-size which is consulted by the
window resizing functions. This parameter will not prevent resizing the
window when the window shows another buffer than the one when
window-preserve-size was invoked or if its size has changed since
The following function can be used to check whether the height of a particular window is preserved:
This function returns the preserved height of window window in
pixels. window must be a live window and defaults to the selected
one. If the optional argument horizontal is non-
returns the preserved width of window. It returns
the size of window is not preserved.