As mentioned in Comment Commands, when the M-j command
adds a comment to a line, it tries to place the comment at the column
specified by the buffer-local variable
comment-column. You can
set either the local value or the default value of this buffer-local
variable in the usual way (see Locals). Alternatively, you can
type C-x ; (
comment-set-column) to set the value of
comment-column in the current buffer to the column where point
is currently located. C-u C-x ; sets the comment column to
match the last comment before point in the buffer, and then does a
M-; to align the current line's comment under the previous one.
The comment commands recognize comments based on the regular
expression that is the value of the variable
Make sure this regexp does not match the null string. It may match more
than the comment starting delimiter in the strictest sense of the word;
for example, in C mode the value of the variable is
"\\(//+\\|/\\*+\\)\\s *", which matches extra stars and
spaces after the ‘/*’ itself, and accepts C++ style comments
also. (Note that ‘\\’ is needed in Lisp syntax to include a
‘\’ in the string, which is needed to deny the first star its
special meaning in regexp syntax. See Regexp Backslash.)
When a comment command makes a new comment, it inserts the value of
comment-start as an opening comment delimiter. It also inserts
the value of
comment-end after point, as a closing comment
delimiter. For example, in Lisp mode,
"" (the empty string). In
"/* " and
comment-padding specifies a string that the
commenting commands should insert between the comment delimiter(s) and
the comment text. The default, ‘" "’, specifies a single space.
Alternatively, the value can be a number, which specifies that number
of spaces, or
nil, which means no spaces at all.
comment-multi-line controls how M-j and
Auto Fill mode continue comments over multiple lines.
See Multi-Line Comments.
comment-indent-function should contain a function
that will be called to compute the alignment for a newly inserted
comment or for aligning an existing comment. It is set differently by
various major modes. The function is called with no arguments, but with
point at the beginning of the comment, or at the end of a line if a new
comment is to be inserted. It should return the column in which the
comment ought to start. For example, in Lisp mode, the indent hook
function bases its decision on how many semicolons begin an existing
comment, and on the code in the preceding lines.