The C-l (
recenter-top-bottom) command recenters
the selected window, scrolling it so that the current screen line is
exactly in the center of the window, or as close to the center as
Typing C-l twice in a row (C-l C-l) scrolls the window so that point is on the topmost screen line. Typing a third C-l scrolls the window so that point is on the bottom-most screen line. Each successive C-l cycles through these three positions.
You can change the cycling order by customizing the list variable
recenter-positions. Each list element should be the symbol
bottom, or a number; an integer
means to move the line to the specified screen line, while a
floating-point number between 0.0 and 1.0 specifies a percentage of
the screen space from the top of the window. The default,
(middle top bottom), is the cycling order described above.
Furthermore, if you change the variable
scroll-margin to a
non-zero value n, C-l always leaves at least n
screen lines between point and the top or bottom of the window
(see Auto Scrolling).
You can also give C-l a prefix argument. A plain prefix argument, C-u C-l, simply recenters point. A positive argument n puts point n lines down from the top of the window. An argument of zero puts point on the topmost line. A negative argument -n puts point n lines from the bottom of the window. When given an argument, C-l does not clear the screen or cycle through different screen positions.
If the variable
recenter-redisplay has a non-
value, each invocation of C-l also clears and redisplays the
screen; the special value
tty (the default) says to do this on
text-terminal frames only. Redisplaying is useful in case the screen
becomes garbled for any reason (see Screen Garbled).
The more primitive command M-x recenter behaves like
recenter-top-bottom, but does not cycle among screen positions.
reposition-window) scrolls the current window
heuristically in a way designed to get useful information onto the
screen. For example, in a Lisp file, this command tries to get the
entire current defun onto the screen if possible.