You can refer to files on other machines using a special file name syntax:
/method:host:filename /method:user@host:filename /method:user@host#port:filename
To carry out this request, Emacs uses a remote-login program such as
You must always specify in the file name which method to use—for
example, /ssh:user@host:filename uses
ssh. When you specify the pseudo method ‘-’ in the
file name, Emacs chooses the method as follows:
tramp-default-method is set to ‘ftp’,
Emacs uses FTP.
ssh-agent is running, Emacs uses
You can entirely turn off the remote file name feature by setting the
nil. You can turn off the
feature in individual cases by quoting the file name with ‘/:’
(see Quoted File Names).
Remote file access through FTP is handled by the Ange-FTP package, which is documented in the following. Remote file access through the other methods is handled by the Tramp package, which has its own manual. See The Tramp Manual in The Tramp Manual.
When the Ange-FTP package is used, Emacs logs in through FTP using
the name user, if that is specified in the remote file name. If
user is unspecified, Emacs logs in using your user name on the
local system; but if you set the variable
to a string, that string is used instead. When logging in, Emacs may
also ask for a password.
For performance reasons, Emacs does not make backup files for files
accessed via FTP by default. To make it do so, change the variable
ange-ftp-make-backup-files to a non-
By default, auto-save files for remote files are made in the
temporary file directory on the local machine, as specified by the
auto-save-file-name-transforms. See Auto-Save Files.
To visit files accessible by anonymous FTP, you use special user
names ‘anonymous’ or ‘ftp’. Passwords for these user names
are handled specially. The variable
ange-ftp-generate-anonymous-password controls what happens: if
the value of this variable is a string, then that string is used as
the password; if non-
nil (the default), then the value of
user-mail-address is used; if
nil, then Emacs prompts
you for a password as usual (see Entering passwords).
Sometimes you may be unable to access files on a remote machine
because a firewall in between blocks the connection for security
reasons. If you can log in on a gateway machine from which the
target files are accessible, and whose FTP server supports
gatewaying features, you can still use remote file names; all you have
to do is specify the name of the gateway machine by setting the
ange-ftp-gateway-host, and set
t. Otherwise you may be able
to make remote file names work, but the procedure is complex. You can
read the instructions by typing M-x finder-commentary RET