Subscribing to a foreign group from an NNTP server is rather easy.
You just specify
nntp as method and the address of the NNTP
server as the, uhm, address.
If the NNTP server is located at a non-standard port, setting the third element of the select method to this port number should allow you to connect to the right port. You’ll have to edit the group info for that (see Foreign Groups).
The name of the foreign group can be the same as a native group. In fact, you can subscribe to the same group from as many different servers you feel like. There will be no name collisions.
The following variables can be used to create a virtual
is run after a connection has been made. It can be used to send
commands to the NNTP server after it has been contacted. By
default it sends the command
MODE READER to the server with the
nntp-send-mode-reader function. This function should always be
present in this hook.
This function will be used to send ‘AUTHINFO’ to the NNTP
server. The default function is
nntp-send-authinfo, which looks
through your ~/.authinfo for applicable entries. If none
are found, it will prompt you for a login name and a password. The
format of the ~/.authinfo file is (almost) the same as the
ftp ~/.netrc file, which is defined in the
manual page, but here are the salient facts:
The valid tokens include ‘machine’, ‘login’, ‘password’,
‘default’. In addition Gnus introduces two new tokens, not present
in the original .netrc/
ftp syntax, namely ‘port’ and
‘force’. (This is the only way the .authinfo file format
deviates from the .netrc file format.) ‘port’ is used to
indicate what port on the server the credentials apply to and
‘force’ is explained below.
Here’s an example file:
machine news.uio.no login larsi password geheimnis machine nntp.ifi.uio.no login larsi force yes
The token/value pairs may appear in any order; ‘machine’ doesn’t have to be first, for instance.
In this example, both login name and password have been supplied for the former server, while the latter has only the login name listed, and the user will be prompted for the password. The latter also has the ‘force’ tag, which means that the authinfo will be sent to the nntp server upon connection; the default (i.e., when there is not ‘force’ tag) is to not send authinfo to the nntp server until the nntp server asks for it.
You can also add ‘default’ lines that will apply to all servers that don’t have matching ‘machine’ lines.
default force yes
This will force sending ‘AUTHINFO’ commands to all servers not previously mentioned.
Remember to not leave the ~/.authinfo file world-readable.
This is a list of regexps to match on server types and actions to be taken when matches are made. For instance, if you want Gnus to beep every time you connect to innd, you could say something like:
(setq nntp-server-action-alist '(("innd" (ding))))
You probably don’t want to do that, though.
The default value is
'(("nntpd 1\\.5\\.11t" (remove-hook 'nntp-server-opened-hook 'nntp-send-mode-reader)))
This ensures that Gnus doesn’t send the
MODE READER command to
nntpd 1.5.11t, since that command chokes that server, I’ve been told.
If the NNTP server doesn’t support NOV headers, this back end
will collect headers by sending a series of
head commands. To
speed things up, the back end sends lots of these commands without
waiting for reply, and then reads all the replies. This is controlled
nntp-maximum-request variable, and is 400 by default. If
your network is buggy, you should set this to 1.
If you have lots of foreign
nntp groups that you connect to
regularly, you’re sure to have problems with NNTP servers not
responding properly, or being too loaded to reply within reasonable
time. This is can lead to awkward problems, which can be helped
somewhat by setting
nntp-connection-timeout. This is an integer
that says how many seconds the
nntp back end should wait for a
connection before giving up. If it is
nil, which is the default,
no timeouts are done.
If the NNTP server does not support NOV, you could set this
nntp usually checks automatically whether NOV
can be used.
List of strings used as commands to fetch NOV lines from a
server. The default value of this variable is
nntp normally sends just one big request for NOV lines to
the server. The server responds with one huge list of lines. However,
if you have read articles 2–5000 in the group, and only want to read
article 1 and 5001, that means that
nntp will fetch 4999 NOV
lines that you will not need. This variable says how
big a gap between two consecutive articles is allowed to be before the
XOVER request is split into several request. Note that if your
network is fast, setting this variable to a really small number means
that fetching will probably be slower. If this variable is
nntp will never split requests. The default is 5.
When Gnus refers to an article having the
Message-ID that a user
specifies or having the
Message-ID of the parent article of the
current one (see Finding the Parent), Gnus sends a
command to the NNTP server to know where it is, and the server
returns the data containing the pairs of a group and an article number
Xref header. Gnus normally uses the article number to
refer to the article if the data shows that that article is in the
current group, while it uses the
Message-ID otherwise. However,
some news servers, e.g., ones running Diablo, run multiple engines
having the same articles but article numbers are not kept synchronized
between them. In that case, the article number that appears in the
Xref header varies by which engine is chosen, so you cannot refer
to the parent article that is in the current group, for instance. If
you connect to such a server, set this variable to a non-
value, and Gnus never uses article numbers. For example:
(setq gnus-select-method '(nntp "newszilla" (nntp-address "newszilla.example.com") (nntp-xref-number-is-evil t) …))
The default value of this server variable is
A hook run before attempting to connect to an NNTP server.
nntp will log all commands it sends to the
NNTP server (along with a timestamp) in the *nntp-log*
buffer. This is useful if you are debugging a Gnus/NNTP connection
that doesn’t seem to work.
It is possible to customize how the connection to the nntp server will
be opened. If you specify an
parameter, Gnus will use that function to establish the connection.
Seven pre-made functions are supplied. These functions can be grouped
in two categories: direct connection functions (four pre-made), and
indirect ones (three pre-made).
nil means the nntp server never echoes commands. It is
reported that some nntps server doesn’t echo commands. So, you may want
to set this to non-
nil in the method for such a server setting
example. The default value is
nil. Note that the
nil value of this variable.
List of functions that never echo commands. Add or set a function which
you set to
nntp-open-connection-function to this list if it does
not echo commands. Note that a non-
nil value of the
nntp-never-echoes-commands variable overrides this variable. The
default value is
A hook run just before posting an article. If there is no
Message-ID header in the article and the news server provides the
recommended ID, it will be added to the article before running this
hook. It is useful to make
Cancel-Lock headers even if you
inhibit Gnus to add a
Message-ID header, you could say:
(add-hook 'nntp-prepare-post-hook 'canlock-insert-header)
Note that not all servers support the recommended ID. This works for INN versions 2.3.0 and later, for instance.
nil, then always use ‘GROUP’ instead of ‘LIST
ACTIVE’. This is usually slower, but on misconfigured servers that
don’t update their active files often, this can help.