4.7.3 Other Marks
There are some marks that have nothing to do with whether the article is
read or not.
- You can set a bookmark in the current article. Say you are reading a
long thesis on cats’ urinary tracts, and have to go home for dinner
before you’ve finished reading the thesis. You can then set a bookmark
in the article, and Gnus will jump to this bookmark the next time it
encounters the article. See Setting Marks.
All articles that you have replied to or made a followup to (i.e., have
answered) will be marked with an ‘A’ in the second column
All articles that you have forwarded will be marked with an ‘F’ in
the second column (
Articles stored in the article cache will be marked with an ‘*’ in
the second column (
gnus-cached-mark). See Article Caching.
Articles “saved” (in some manner or other; not necessarily
religiously) are marked with an ‘S’ in the second column
Articles that haven’t been seen before in Gnus by the user are marked
with a ‘.’ in the second column (
When using the Gnus agent (see Agent Basics), articles may be
downloaded for unplugged (offline) viewing. If you are using the
‘%O’ spec, these articles get the ‘+’ mark in that spec.
gnus-downloaded-mark controls which character to
When using the Gnus agent (see Agent Basics), some articles might
not have been downloaded. Such articles cannot be viewed while you
are unplugged (offline). If you are using the ‘%O’ spec, these
articles get the ‘-’ mark in that spec. (The variable
gnus-undownloaded-mark controls which character to use.)
The Gnus agent (see Agent Basics) downloads some articles
automatically, but it is also possible to explicitly mark articles for
download, even if they would not be downloaded automatically. Such
explicitly-marked articles get the ‘%’ mark in the first column.
gnus-downloadable-mark controls which character to
If the ‘%e’ spec is used, the presence of threads or not will be
gnus-empty-thread-mark in the third column, respectively.
Finally we have the process mark (
variety of commands react to the presence of the process mark. For
instance, X u (
gnus-uu-decode-uu) will uudecode and view
all articles that have been marked with the process mark. Articles
marked with the process mark have a ‘#’ in the second column.
You might have noticed that most of these “non-readedness” marks
appear in the second column by default. So if you have a cached, saved,
replied article that you have process-marked, what will that look like?
Nothing much. The precedence rules go as follows: process -> cache ->
replied -> saved. So if the article is in the cache and is replied,
you’ll only see the cache mark and not the replied mark.