Up: Combined Groups
An nnvirtual group is really nothing more than a collection of other groups.
For instance, if you are tired of reading many small groups, you can put them all in one big group, and then grow tired of reading one big, unwieldy group. The joys of computing!
nnvirtual as the method. The address should be a
regexp to match component groups.
All marks in the virtual group will stick to the articles in the
component groups. So if you tick an article in a virtual group, the
article will also be ticked in the component group from whence it
came. (And vice versa—marks from the component groups will also be
shown in the virtual group.). To create an empty virtual group, run
G V (
gnus-group-make-empty-virtual) in the group buffer
and edit the method regexp with M-e
Here's an example
nnvirtual method that collects all Andrea Dworkin
newsgroups into one, big, happy newsgroup:
The component groups can be native or foreign; everything should work smoothly, but if your computer explodes, it was probably my fault.
Collecting the same group from several servers might actually be a good idea if users have set the Distribution header to limit distribution. If you would like to read ‘soc.motss’ both from a server in Japan and a server in Norway, you could use the following as the group regexp:
(Remember, though, that if you're creating the group with G m, you shouldn't double the backslashes, and you should leave off the quote characters at the beginning and the end of the string.)
This should work kinda smoothly—all articles from both groups should end up in this one, and there should be no duplicates. Threading (and the rest) will still work as usual, but there might be problems with the sequence of articles. Sorting on date might be an option here (see Selecting a Group).
One limitation, however—all groups included in a virtual
group have to be alive (i.e., subscribed or unsubscribed). Killed or
zombie groups can't be component groups for
nnvirtual-always-rescan variable is non-
is the default),
nnvirtual will always scan groups for unread
articles when entering a virtual group. If this variable is
and you read articles in a component group after the virtual group has
been activated, the read articles from the component group will show up
when you enter the virtual group. You'll also see this effect if you
have two virtual groups that have a component group in common. If
that's the case, you should set this variable to
t. Or you can
M-g on the virtual group every time before you enter
it—it'll have much the same effect.
nnvirtual can have both mail and news groups as component groups.
When responding to articles in
has to ask the back end of the component group the article comes from
whether it is a news or mail back end. However, when you do a ^,
there is typically no sure way for the component back end to know this,
and in that case
nnvirtual tells Gnus that the article came from a
not-news back end. (Just to be on the safe side.)
C-c C-n in the message buffer will insert the
line from the article you respond to in these cases.
nnvirtual groups do not inherit anything but articles and marks
from component groups—group parameters, for instance, are not