Content-type: text/html Manpage of ipmi-config.conf

ipmi-config.conf

Section: System Commands (5)
Updated: 2014-07-28
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NAME

ipmi-config - IPMI configuration file details
 

DESCRIPTION

Before many IPMI tools can be used over a network, a machine's Baseboard Management Controller (BMC) must be configured. The configuration can be quite daunting for those who do not know much about IPMI. This manpage hopes to provide enough information on BMC configuration so that you can configure the BMC for your system. When appropriate, typical BMC configurations will be suggested.

The following is an example configuration file partially generated by running the --checkout option with the ipmi-config(8) command. This configuration comes from the core category of configuration values (the default). This example configuration should be sufficient for most users after the appropriate local IP and MAC addresses are input. Following this example, separate sections of this manpage will discuss the different sections of the configuration file in more detail with explanations of how the BMC can be configured for different environments.

Note that many options may or may not be available on your particular machine. For example, Serial-Over-Lan (SOL) is available only on IPMI 2.0 machines. Therefore, if you are looking to configure an IPMI 1.5 machine, many of the SOL or IPMI 2.0 related options will be be unavailable to you. The number of configurable users may also vary for your particular machine.

The below configuration file and most of this manpage assume the user is interested in configuring a BMC for use with IPMI over LAN. Various configuration options from ipmi-config(8) have been left out or skipped because it is considered unnecessary. Future versions of this manpage will try to include more information.

     Section User1
      ## Give username
      ## Username NULL
      ## Give password or leave it blank to clear password
      Password mypassword
      ## Possible values: Yes/No or blank to not set
      Enable_User Yes
      ## Possible values: Yes/No
      Lan_Enable_Ipmi_Msgs Yes
      ## Possible values: Callback/User/Operator/Administrator/OEM_Proprietary/No_Access
      Lan_Privilege_Limit Administrator
        ## Possible values: 0-17, 0 is unlimited; May be reset to 0 if not specified
        ## Lan_Session_Limit
      ## Possible values: Yes/No
      SOL_Payload_Access Yes
     EndSection
     Section User2
      ## Give username
      Username user2
      ## Give password or leave it blank to clear password
      Password userpass
      ## Possible values: Yes/No or blank to not set
      Enable_User No
      ## Possible values: Yes/No
      Lan_Enable_Ipmi_Msgs No
      ## Possible values: Callback/User/Operator/Administrator/OEM_Proprietary/No_Access
      Lan_Privilege_Limit No_Access
        ## Possible values: 0-17, 0 is unlimited; May be reset to 0 if not specified
        ## Lan_Session_Limit
        ## Possible values: Yes/No
        SOL_Payload_Access No
     EndSection
     Section Lan_Channel
      ## Possible values: Disabled/Pre_Boot_Only/Always_Available/Shared
      Volatile_Access_Mode Always_Available
      ## Possible values: Yes/No
      Volatile_Enable_User_Level_Auth Yes
      ## Possible values: Yes/No
      Volatile_Enable_Per_Message_Auth Yes
      ## Possible values: Yes/No
      Volatile_Enable_Pef_Alerting No
      ## Possible values: Callback/User/Operator/Administrator/OEM_Proprietary/No_Access
      Volatile_Channel_Privilege_Limit Administrator
      ## Possible values: Disabled/Pre_Boot_Only/Always_Available/Shared
      Non_Volatile_Access_Mode Always_Available
      ## Possible values: Yes/No
      Non_Volatile_Enable_User_Level_Auth Yes
      ## Possible values: Yes/No
      Non_Volatile_Enable_Per_Message_Auth Yes
      ## Possible values: Yes/No
      Non_Volatile_Enable_Pef_Alerting No
      ## Possible values: Callback/User/Operator/Administrator/OEM_Proprietary/No_Access
      Non_Volatile_Channel_Privilege_Limit Administrator
     EndSection
     Section Lan_Conf
      ## Possible values: Unspecified/Static/Use_DHCP/Use_BIOS/Use_Others
      Ip_Address_Source Static
      ## Give valid IP Address
      Ip_Address 192.168.1.100
      ## Give valid MAC Address
      Mac_Address 00:0E:0E:FF:AA:12
      ## Give valid Subnet mask
      Subnet_Mask 255.255.255.0
      ## Give valid IP Address
      Default_Gateway_Ip_Address 192.168.1.1
      ## Give valid MAC Address
      Default_Gateway_Mac_Address 00:0E:0E:FF:AA:18
      ## Give valid IP Address
      Backup_Gateway_Ip_Address 192.168.1.2
      ## Give valid MAC Address
      Backup_Gateway_Mac_Address 00:0E:0E:FF:AA:15
     EndSection
     Section Lan_Conf_Auth
      ## Possible values: Yes/No
      Callback_Enable_Auth_Type_None No
      ## Possible values: Yes/No
      Callback_Enable_Auth_Type_Md2 No
      ## Possible values: Yes/No
      Callback_Enable_Auth_Type_Md5 No
      ## Possible values: Yes/No
      Callback_Enable_Auth_Type_Straight_Password No
      ## Possible values: Yes/No
      Callback_Enable_Auth_Type_Oem_Proprietary No
      ## Possible values: Yes/No
      User_Enable_Auth_Type_None No
      ## Possible values: Yes/No
      User_Enable_Auth_Type_Md2 Yes
      ## Possible values: Yes/No
      User_Enable_Auth_Type_Md5 Yes
      ## Possible values: Yes/No
      User_Enable_Auth_Type_Straight_Password No
      ## Possible values: Yes/No
      User_Enable_Auth_Type_Oem_Proprietary No
      ## Possible values: Yes/No
      Operator_Enable_Auth_Type_None No
      ## Possible values: Yes/No
      Operator_Enable_Auth_Type_Md2 Yes
      ## Possible values: Yes/No
      Operator_Enable_Auth_Type_Md5 Yes
      ## Possible values: Yes/No
      Operator_Enable_Auth_Type_Straight_Password No
      ## Possible values: Yes/No
      Operator_Enable_Auth_Type_Oem_Proprietary No
      ## Possible values: Yes/No
      Admin_Enable_Auth_Type_None No
      ## Possible values: Yes/No
      Admin_Enable_Auth_Type_Md2 Yes
      ## Possible values: Yes/No
      Admin_Enable_Auth_Type_Md5 Yes
      ## Possible values: Yes/No
      Admin_Enable_Auth_Type_Straight_Password No
      ## Possible values: Yes/No
      Admin_Enable_Auth_Type_Oem_Proprietary No
      ## Possible values: Yes/No
      Oem_Enable_Auth_Type_None No
      ## Possible values: Yes/No
      Oem_Enable_Auth_Type_Md2 No
      ## Possible values: Yes/No
      Oem_Enable_Auth_Type_Md5 No
      ## Possible values: Yes/No
      Oem_Enable_Auth_Type_Straight_Password No
      ## Possible values: Yes/No
      Oem_Enable_Auth_Type_Oem_Proprietary No
     EndSection
     Section Lan_Conf_Security_Keys
        ## Give string or blank to clear. Max 20 chars
        K_G
     EndSection
     Section Lan_Conf_Misc
      ## Possible values: Yes/No
      Enable_Gratuitous_Arps Yes
      ## Possible values: Yes/No
      Enable_Arp_Response No
      ## Give valid number. Intervals are 500 ms.
      Gratuitous_Arp_Interval 4
     EndSection
     Section Rmcpplus_Conf_Privilege
      ## Possible values: Unused/User/Operator/Administrator/OEM_Proprietary
      Maximum_Privilege_Cipher_Suite_Id_0 Unused
      ## Possible values: Unused/User/Operator/Administrator/OEM_Proprietary
      Maximum_Privilege_Cipher_Suite_Id_1 Unused
      ## Possible values: Unused/User/Operator/Administrator/OEM_Proprietary
      Maximum_Privilege_Cipher_Suite_Id_2 Unused
      ## Possible values: Unused/User/Operator/Administrator/OEM_Proprietary
      Maximum_Privilege_Cipher_Suite_Id_3 Administrator
      ## Possible values: Unused/User/Operator/Administrator/OEM_Proprietary
      Maximum_Privilege_Cipher_Suite_Id_4 Administrator
      ## Possible values: Unused/User/Operator/Administrator/OEM_Proprietary
      Maximum_Privilege_Cipher_Suite_Id_5 Administrator
      ## Possible values: Unused/User/Operator/Administrator/OEM_Proprietary
      Maximum_Privilege_Cipher_Suite_Id_6 Unused
      ## Possible values: Unused/User/Operator/Administrator/OEM_Proprietary
      Maximum_Privilege_Cipher_Suite_Id_7 Unused
      ## Possible values: Unused/User/Operator/Administrator/OEM_Proprietary
      Maximum_Privilege_Cipher_Suite_Id_8 Administrator
      ## Possible values: Unused/User/Operator/Administrator/OEM_Proprietary
      Maximum_Privilege_Cipher_Suite_Id_9 Administrator
      ## Possible values: Unused/User/Operator/Administrator/OEM_Proprietary
      Maximum_Privilege_Cipher_Suite_Id_10 Administrator
      ## Possible values: Unused/User/Operator/Administrator/OEM_Proprietary
      Maximum_Privilege_Cipher_Suite_Id_11 Unused
      ## Possible values: Unused/User/Operator/Administrator/OEM_Proprietary
      Maximum_Privilege_Cipher_Suite_Id_12 Administrator
      ## Possible values: Unused/User/Operator/Administrator/OEM_Proprietary
      Maximum_Privilege_Cipher_Suite_Id_13 Administrator
      ## Possible values: Unused/User/Operator/Administrator/OEM_Proprietary
      Maximum_Privilege_Cipher_Suite_Id_14 Administrator
     EndSection
     Section SOL_Conf
      ## Possible values: Yes/No
      Enable_SOL Yes
      ## Possible values: Callback/User/Operator/Administrator/OEM_Proprietary
      SOL_Privilege_Level Administrator
      ## Possible values: Yes/No
      Force_SOL_Payload_Authentication Yes
      ## Possible values: Yes/No
      Force_SOL_Payload_Encryption Yes
      ## Give a valid integer. Each unit is 5ms
      Character_Accumulate_Interval 50
      ## Give a valid number
      Character_Send_Threshold 100
      ## Give a valid integer
      SOL_Retry_Count 5
      ## Give a valid integer. Interval unit is 10ms
      SOL_Retry_Interval 50
      ## Possible values: Serial/9600/19200/38400/57600/115200
      Non_Volatile_Bit_Rate 115200
      ## Possible values: Serial/9600/19200/38400/57600/115200
      Volatile_Bit_Rate 115200
     EndSection

 

Section User1, User2, ...

The User sections of the BMC configuration file are for username configuration for IPMI over LAN communication. The number of users available to be configured on your system will vary by manufacturer. With the exception of the Username for User1, all sections are identical.

The username(s) you wish to configure the BMC with are defined with Username. The first username under Section User1 is typically the NULL username and cannot be modified. The password for the username can be specified with Password. It can be left empty to define a NULL password. Each user you wish to enable must be enabled through the Enable_User configuration option. It is recommended that all usernames have non-NULL passwords or be disabled for security reasons.

Lan_Enable_Ipmi_Msgs is used to enable or disable IPMI over LAN access for the user. This should be set to "Yes" to allow IPMI over LAN tools to work.

Lan_Privilege_Limit specifies the maximum privilege level limit the user is allowed. Different IPMI commands have different privilege restrictions. For example, determining the power status of a machine only requires the "User" privilege level. However, power cycling requires the "Operator" privilege. Typically, you will want to assign atleast one user with a privilege limit of "Administrator" so that all system functions are available to atleast one user via IPMI over LAN.

Lan_Session_Limit specifies the number of simultaneous IPMI sessions allowed for the user. Most users will wish to set this to "0" to allow unlimited simultaneous IPMI sessions. This field is considered optional by IPMI standards, and may result in errors when attempting to configure it to a non-zero value. If errors to occur, setting the value back to 0 should resolve problems.

SOL_Payload_Access specifies if a particular user is allowed to connect with Serial-Over-LAN (SOL). This should be set to "Yes" to allow this username to use SOL.

The example configuration above disables "User2" but enables the default "NULL" (i.e. anonymous) user. Many IPMI tools (both open-source and vendor) do not allow the user to input a username and assume the NULL username by default. If the tools you are interested in using allow usernames to be input, then it is recommended that one of the non-NULL usernames be enabled and the NULL username disabled for security reasons. It is recommeneded that you disable the NULL username in section User1, so that users are required to specify a username for IPMI over LAN communication.

Some motherboards may require a Username to be configured prior to other fields being read/written. If this is the case, those fields will be set to <username-not-set-yet>.

 

Section Lan_Channel

The Lan_Channel section configures a variety of IPMI over LAN configuration parameters. Both Volatile and Non_Volatile configurations can be set. Volatile configurations are immediately configured onto the BMC and will have immediate effect on the system. Non_Volatile configurations are only available after the next system reset. Generally, both the Volatile and Non_Volatile should be configured identically.

The Access_Mode parameter configures the availability of IPMI over LAN on the system. Typically this should be set to "Always_Available" to enable IPMI over LAN.

The Privilege_Limit sets the maximum privilege any user of the system can have when performing IPMI over LAN. This should be set to the maximum privilege level configured to a username. Typically, this should be set to "Administrator".

Typically User_Level_Auth and Per_Message_Auth should be set to "Yes" for additional security. Disabling User_Level_Auth allows "User" privileged IPMI commands to be executed without authentication. Disabling Per_Message_Auth allows fewer individual IPMI messages to require authentication.

 

Section Lan_Conf

Those familiar with setting up networks should find most of the fields in this section self explanatory. The example BMC configuration above illustrates the setup of a static IP address. The field IP_Address_Source is configured with "Static". The IP address, subnet mask, and gateway IP addresses of the machine are respecitvely configured with the IP_Address, Subnet_Mask, Default_Gateway_Ip_Address, and Backup_Gateway_Ip_Address fields. The respective MAC addresses for the IP addresses are configured under Mac_Address, Default_Gateway_Mac_Address, and Backup_Gateway_Mac_Address.

It is not required to setup the BMC IP_Address to be the same P_Address used by your operating system for that network interface. However, if you choose to use a different address, an alternate ARP configuration may need to be setup.

To instead setup your BMC network information via DHCP, the field IP_Address_Source should be configured with "Use_DHCP".

It is recommended that static IP addresses be configured for address resolution reasons. See Lan_Conf_Misc below for a more detailed explanation.

 

Section Lan_Conf_Auth

This section determines what types of password authentication mechanisms are allowed for users at different privilege levels under the IPMI 1.5 protocol. The currently supported authentication methods for IPMI 1.5 are None (no username/password required), Straight_Password (passwords are sent in the clear), MD2 (passwords are MD2 hashed), and MD5 (passwords are MD5 hashed). Different usernames at different privilege levels may be allowed to authenticate differently through this configuration. For example, a username with "User" privileges may be allowed to authenticate with a straight password, but a username with "Administrator" privileges may be allowed only authenticate with MD5.

The above example configuration supports MD2 and MD5 authentication for all users at the "User", "Operator", and "Administrator" privilege levels. All authentication mechanisms have been disabled for the "Callback" privilege level.

Generally speaking, you do not want to allow any user to authenticate with None or Straight_Password for security reasons. MD2 and MD5 are digital signature algorithms that can minimally encrypt passwords. If you have chosen to support the NULL username (enabled User1) and NULL passwords (NULL password for User1), you will have to enable the None authentication fields above to allow users to connect via None.

 

Section Lan_Conf_Security_Keys

This section supports configuration of the IPMI 2.0 (including Serial-over-LAN) K_g key. If your machine does not support IPMI 2.0, this field will not be configurable.

The key is used for two-key authentication in IPMI 2.0. In most tools, when doing IPMI 2.0, the K_g can be optionally specified. It is not required for IPMI 2.0 operation.

In the above example, we have elected to leave this field blank so the K_g key is not used.

 

Section Lan_Conf_Misc

This section lists miscellaneous IPMI over LAN configuration options. These are optional IPMI configuration options that are not implemented on all BMCs.

Normally, a client cannot resolve the ethernet MAC address without the remote operating system running. However, IPMI over LAN would not work when a machine is powered off or if the IP address used by the operating system for that network interface differs from the BMC IP Address. One way to work around this is through gratuitous ARPs. Gratuitous ARPs are ARP packets generated by the BMC and sent out to advertise the BMC's IP and MAC address. Other machines on the network can store this information in their local ARP cache for later IP/hostname resolution. This would allow IPMI over LAN to work when the remote machine is powered off. The Enable_Gratuitous_Arps option allows you to enable or disable this feature. The Gratuitous_Arp_Interval option allows you to configure the frequency at which gratuitous ARPs are sent onto the network.

Instead of gratuitous ARPs some BMCs are able to respond to ARP requests, even when powered off. If offerred, this feature can be enabled through the Enable_Arp_Response option.

Generally speaking, turning on gratuitous ARPs is acceptable. However, it will increase traffic on your network. If you are using IPMI on a large cluster, the gratuitous ARPs may easily flood your network. They should be tuned to occur less frequently or disabled. If disabled, the remote machine's MAC address should be permanently stored in the local ARP cache through arp(8).

See bmc-watchdog(8) for a method which allows gratuitous ARPs to be disabled when the operating system is running, but enabled when the system is down.

 

Section Rmcpplus_Conf_Privilege

This section supports configuration of the IPMI 2.0 (including Serial-over-LAN) cipher suite IDs. If your machine does not support IPMI 2.0, the fields will not be configurable.

Each cipher suite ID describes a combination of an authentication algorithm, integrity algorithm, and encryption algorithm for IPMI 2.0. The authentication algorithm is used for user authentication with the BMC. The integrity algorithm is used for generating signatures on IPMI packets. The confidentiality algorithm is used for encrypting data. The configuration in this section enables certain cipher suite IDs to be enabled or disabled, and the maximum privilege level a username can authenticate with.

The following table shows the cipher suite ID to algorithms mapping:

0 - Authentication Algorithm = None; Integrity Algorithm = None; Confidentiality Algorithm = None

1 - Authentication Algorithm = HMAC-SHA1; Integrity Algorithm = None; Confidentiality Algorithm = None

2 - Authentication Algorithm = HMAC-SHA1; Integrity Algorithm = HMAC-SHA1-96; Confidentiality Algorithm = None

3 - Authentication Algorithm = HMAC-SHA1; Integrity Algorithm = HMAC-SHA1-96; Confidentiality Algorithm = AES-CBC-128

4 - Authentication Algorithm = HMAC-SHA1; Integrity Algorithm = HMAC-SHA1-96; Confidentiality Algorithm = xRC4-128

5 - Authentication Algorithm = HMAC-SHA1; Integrity Algorithm = HMAC-SHA1-96; Confidentiality Algorithm = xRC4-40

6 - Authentication Algorithm = HMAC-MD5; Integrity Algorithm = None; Confidentiality Algorithm = None

7 - Authentication Algorithm = HMAC-MD5; Integrity Algorithm = HMAC-MD5-128; Confidentiality Algorithm = None

8 - Authentication Algorithm = HMAC-MD5; Integrity Algorithm = HMAC-MD5-128; Confidentiality Algorithm = AES-CBC-128

9 - Authentication Algorithm = HMAC-MD5; Integrity Algorithm = HMAC-MD5-128; Confidentiality Algorithm = xRC4-128

10 - Authentication Algorithm = HMAC-MD5; Integrity Algorithm = HMAC-MD5-128; Confidentiality Algorithm = xRC4-40

11 - Authentication Algorithm = HMAC-MD5; Integrity Algorithm = MD5-128; Confidentiality Algorithm = None

12 - Authentication Algorithm = HMAC-MD5; Integrity Algorithm = MD5-128; Confidentiality Algorithm = AES-CBC-128

13 - Authentication Algorithm = HMAC-MD5; Integrity Algorithm = MD5-128; Confidentiality Algorithm = xRC4-128

14 - Authentication Algorithm = HMAC-MD5; Integrity Algorithm = MD5-128; Confidentiality Algorithm = xRC4-40

Generally speaking, HMAC-SHA1 based algorithms are stronger than HMAC-MD5, which are better than MD5-128 algorithms. AES-CBC-128 confidentiality algorithms are stronger than xRC4-128 algorithms, which are better than xRC4-40 algorithms. Cipher suite ID 3 is therefore typically considered the most secure. Some users may wish to set cipher suite ID 3 to a privilege level and disable all remaining cipher suite IDs.

The above example configuration has decided to allow any user with "Administrator" privileges use any Cipher Suite algorithm suite which requires an authentication, integrity, and confidentiality algorithm. Typically, the maximum privilege level configured to a username should be set for atleast one cipher suite ID. Typically, this is the "Administrator" privilege.

A number of cipher suite IDs are optionally implemented, so the available cipher suite IDs available your system may vary.

 

Section SOL_Conf

This section is for setting up Serial-Over-Lan (SOL) and will only be available for configuration on those machines. SOL can be enabled with the Enable_SOL field. The minimum privilege level required for connecting with SOL is specified by SOL_Privilege_Level. This should be set to the maximum privilege level configured to a username that has SOL enabled. Typically, this is the "Administrator" privilege. Authentication and Encryption can be forced or not using the fields Force_SOL_Payload_Authentication and Force_SOL_Payload_Encryption respectively. It is recommended that these be set on. However, forced authentication and/or encryption support depend on the cipher suite IDs supported.

The Character_Accumulate_Interval, Character_Send_Threshold , SOL_Retry_Count and , SOL_Retry_Interval options are used to set SOL character output speeds. Character_Accumulate_Interval determines how often serial data should be regularly sent and Character_Send_Threshold indicates the character count that if passed, will force serial data to be sent. SOL_Retry_Count indicates how many times packets must be retransmitted if acknowledgements are not received. SOL_Retry_Interval indicates the timeout interval. Generally, the manufacturer recommended numbers will be sufficient. However, you may wish to experiment with these values for faster SOL throughput.

The Non_Volatile_Bit_Rate and Volatile_Bit_Rate determine the baudrate the BMC should use. This should match the baudrate set in the BIOS and operating system, such as agetty(8). Generally speaking, both the Volatile and Non_Volatile options should be set identically.

In addition to enabling SOL in this section, individual users most also be capable of connecting with SOL. See the section Section User1, User2, ... above for details.  

REPORTING BUGS

Report bugs to <freeipmi-users@gnu.org> or <freeipmi-devel@gnu.org>.  

SEE ALSO

freeipmi(7), bmc-watchdog(8), ipmi-config(8), agetty(8)

http://www.gnu.org/software/freeipmi/


 

Index

NAME
DESCRIPTION
Section User1, User2, ...
Section Lan_Channel
Section Lan_Conf
Section Lan_Conf_Auth
Section Lan_Conf_Security_Keys
Section Lan_Conf_Misc
Section Rmcpplus_Conf_Privilege
Section SOL_Conf
REPORTING BUGS
SEE ALSO

This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 18:07:11 GMT, July 28, 2014