Matching the GNU way means trying to match as much of a string as possible starting at a position within it you specify. Once you’ve compiled a pattern into a pattern buffer (see GNU Regular Expression Compiling), you can ask the matcher to match that pattern against a string using:
int re_match (struct re_pattern_buffer *pattern_buffer, const char *string, const int size, const int start, struct re_registers *regs)
pattern_buffer is the address of a pattern buffer containing a compiled pattern. string is the string you want to match; it can contain newline and null characters. size is the length of that string. start is the string index at which you want to begin matching; the first character of string is at index zero. See Using Registers, for an explanation of regs; you can safely pass zero.
re_match matches the regular expression in pattern_buffer
against the string string according to the syntax of
pattern_buffer. (See GNU Regular Expression Compiling, for how
to set it.) The function returns -1 if the compiled pattern does
not match any part of string and -2 if an internal error
happens; otherwise, it returns how many (possibly zero) characters of
string the pattern matched.
An example: suppose pattern_buffer points to a pattern buffer
containing the compiled pattern for ‘a*’, and string points
to ‘aaaaab’ (whereupon size should be 6). Then if start
re_match returns 3, i.e., ‘a*’ would have matched the
last three ‘a’s in string. If start is 0,
re_match returns 5, i.e., ‘a*’ would have matched all the
‘a’s in string. If start is either 5 or 6, it returns
If start is not between zero and size, then
re_match returns -1.