The evolution function combines the results of a stepping function and control function to reliably advance the solution forward one step using an acceptable step-size.
This function returns a pointer to a newly allocated instance of an evolution function for a system of dim dimensions.
This function advances the system (e, sys) from time t and position y using the stepping function step. The new time and position are stored in t and y on output.
The initial step-size is taken as h. The control function
con is applied to check whether the local error estimated by the
stepping function step using step-size h exceeds the
required error tolerance. If the error is too high, the step is
retried by calling step with a decreased step-size. This process
is continued until an acceptable step-size is found. An estimate of
the local error for the step can be obtained from the components of
If the user-supplied functions defined in the system sys returns
GSL_EBADFUNC, the function returns immediately with the same
return code. In this case the user must call
gsl_odeiv2_evolve_reset before calling this function again.
Otherwise, if the user-supplied functions defined in the system
sys or the stepping function step return a status other
GSL_SUCCESS, the step is retried with a decreased
step-size. If the step-size decreases below machine precision, a
GSL_FAILURE is returned if the user functions
GSL_SUCCESS. Otherwise the value returned by user
function is returned. If no acceptable step can be made, t and
y will be restored to their pre-step values and h contains
the final attempted step-size.
If the step is successful the function returns a suggested step-size for the next step in h. The maximum time t1 is guaranteed not to be exceeded by the time-step. On the final time-step the value of t will be set to t1 exactly.
This function advances the ODE-system (e, sys, con)
from time t and position y using the stepping function
step by a specified step size h. If the local error
estimated by the stepping function exceeds the desired error level,
the step is not taken and the function returns
GSL_FAILURE. Otherwise the value returned by user function is
This function resets the evolution function e. It should be used whenever the next use of e will not be a continuation of a previous step.
This function frees all the memory associated with the evolution function e.
This function sets a pointer of the driver object d for evolve object e.
If a system has discontinuous changes in the derivatives at known points, it is advisable to evolve the system between each discontinuity in sequence. For example, if a step-change in an external driving force occurs at times t_a, t_b and t_c then evolution should be carried out over the ranges (t_0,t_a), (t_a,t_b), (t_b,t_c), and (t_c,t_1) separately and not directly over the range (t_0,t_1).