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14.8 Hessenberg Decomposition of Real Matrices

A general real matrix A can be decomposed by orthogonal similarity transformations into the form

A = U H U^T

where U is orthogonal and H is an upper Hessenberg matrix, meaning that it has zeros below the first subdiagonal. The Hessenberg reduction is the first step in the Schur decomposition for the nonsymmetric eigenvalue problem, but has applications in other areas as well.

Function: int gsl_linalg_hessenberg_decomp (gsl_matrix * A, gsl_vector * tau)

This function computes the Hessenberg decomposition of the matrix A by applying the similarity transformation H = U^T A U. On output, H is stored in the upper portion of A. The information required to construct the matrix U is stored in the lower triangular portion of A. U is a product of N - 2 Householder matrices. The Householder vectors are stored in the lower portion of A (below the subdiagonal) and the Householder coefficients are stored in the vector tau. tau must be of length N.

Function: int gsl_linalg_hessenberg_unpack (gsl_matrix * H, gsl_vector * tau, gsl_matrix * U)

This function constructs the orthogonal matrix U from the information stored in the Hessenberg matrix H along with the vector tau. H and tau are outputs from gsl_linalg_hessenberg_decomp.

Function: int gsl_linalg_hessenberg_unpack_accum (gsl_matrix * H, gsl_vector * tau, gsl_matrix * V)

This function is similar to gsl_linalg_hessenberg_unpack, except it accumulates the matrix U into V, so that V' = VU. The matrix V must be initialized prior to calling this function. Setting V to the identity matrix provides the same result as gsl_linalg_hessenberg_unpack. If H is order N, then V must have N columns but may have any number of rows.

Function: int gsl_linalg_hessenberg_set_zero (gsl_matrix * H)

This function sets the lower triangular portion of H, below the subdiagonal, to zero. It is useful for clearing out the Householder vectors after calling gsl_linalg_hessenberg_decomp.


Next: , Previous: Tridiagonal Decomposition of Hermitian Matrices, Up: Linear Algebra   [Index]