The presence of singularities (or other behavior) in the integrand can cause slow convergence in the Chebyshev approximation. The modified Clenshaw-Curtis rules used in quadpack separate out several common weight functions which cause slow convergence.
These weight functions are integrated analytically against the Chebyshev polynomials to precompute modified Chebyshev moments. Combining the moments with the Chebyshev approximation to the function gives the desired integral. The use of analytic integration for the singular part of the function allows exact cancellations and substantially improves the overall convergence behavior of the integration.