The library is installed as a single file, libgsl.a. A shared version of the library libgsl.so is also installed on systems that support shared libraries. The default location of these files is /usr/local/lib. If this directory is not on the standard search path of your linker you will also need to provide its location as a command line flag.
To link against the library you need to specify both the main library and a supporting cblas library, which provides standard basic linear algebra subroutines. A suitable cblas implementation is provided in the library libgslcblas.a if your system does not provide one. The following example shows how to link an application with the library,
$ gcc -L/usr/local/lib example.o -lgsl -lgslcblas -lm
The default library path for
gcc searches /usr/local/lib
automatically so the
-L option can be omitted when GSL is
installed in its default location.
-lm links with the system math library. On some
systems it is not needed.1
For a tutorial introduction to the GNU C Compiler and related programs, see An Introduction to GCC (ISBN 0954161793).2