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17.7 QAWC adaptive integration for Cauchy principal values

Function: int gsl_integration_qawc (gsl_function * f, double a, double b, double c, double epsabs, double epsrel, size_t limit, gsl_integration_workspace * workspace, double * result, double * abserr)

This function computes the Cauchy principal value of the integral of f over (a,b), with a singularity at c,

I = \int_a^b dx f(x) / (x - c)

The adaptive bisection algorithm of QAG is used, with modifications to ensure that subdivisions do not occur at the singular point x = c. When a subinterval contains the point x = c or is close to it then a special 25-point modified Clenshaw-Curtis rule is used to control the singularity. Further away from the singularity the algorithm uses an ordinary 15-point Gauss-Kronrod integration rule.