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23.12 Two dimensional histograms

A two dimensional histogram consists of a set of bins which count the number of events falling in a given area of the (x,y) plane. The simplest way to use a two dimensional histogram is to record two-dimensional position information, n(x,y). Another possibility is to form a joint distribution by recording related variables. For example a detector might record both the position of an event (x) and the amount of energy it deposited E. These could be histogrammed as the joint distribution n(x,E).