Node:List Syntax, Next:List Predicates, Up:Lists
The syntax for lists is an opening parentheses, then all the elements of
the list (separated by whitespace) and finally a closing
(1 2 3) ; a list of the numbers 1, 2 and 3 ("foo" bar 3.1415) ; a string, a symbol and a real number () ; the empty list
The last example needs a bit more explanation. A list with no elements,
called the empty list, is special in some ways. It is used for
terminating lists by storing it into the cdr of the last pair that makes
up a list. An example will clear that up:
(car '(1)) => 1 (cdr '(1)) => ()
This example also shows that lists have to be quoted (REFFIXME) when written, because they would otherwise be mistakingly taken as procedure applications (see Simple Invocation).
Note that there is no separation character between the list elements, like a comma or a semicolon.