let expression that doesn't contain any
(let ((s (/ (+ a b c) 2))) (sqrt (* s (- s a) (- s b) (- s c))))
When the Scheme interpreter evaluates this, it
sin the new environment, with value given by
(/ (+ a b c) 2)
letin the context of the new local environment, and remembers the value
let, using the value
Vas the value of the
letexpression, in the context of the containing environment.
let expression has been evaluated, the local
environment that was created is simply forgotten, and there is no longer
any way to access the binding that was created in this environment. If
the same code is evaluated again, it will follow the same steps again,
creating a second new local environment that has no connection with the
first, and then forgetting this one as well.
let body contains a
lambda expression, however, the
local environment is not forgotten. Instead, it becomes
associated with the procedure that is created by the
expression, and is reinstated every time that that procedure is called.
In detail, this works as follows.
lambdaexpression, to create a procedure object, it stores the current environment as part of the procedure definition.
The result is that the procedure body is always evaluated in the context of the environment that was current when the procedure was created.
This is what is meant by closure. The next few subsections present examples that explore the usefulness of this concept.