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6.4.20 SRFI-37 - args-fold

This is a processor for GNU getopt_long-style program arguments. It provides an alternative, less declarative interface than getopt-long in (ice-9 getopt-long) (see The (ice-9 getopt-long) Module). Unlike getopt-long, it supports repeated options and any number of short and long names per option. Access it with:

     (use-modules (srfi srfi-37))

SRFI-37 principally provides an option type and the args-fold function. To use the library, create a set of options with option and use it as a specification for invoking args-fold.

Here is an example of a simple argument processor for the typical ‘--version’ and ‘--help’ options, which returns a backwards list of files given on the command line:

     (args-fold (cdr (program-arguments))
                (let ((display-and-exit-proc
                       (lambda (msg)
                         (lambda (opt name arg loads)
                           (display msg) (quit)))))
                  (list (option '(#\v "version") #f #f
                                (display-and-exit-proc "Foo version 42.0\n"))
                        (option '(#\h "help") #f #f
                                 "Usage: foo scheme-file ..."))))
                (lambda (opt name arg loads)
                  (error "Unrecognized option `~A'" name))
                (lambda (op loads) (cons op loads))
— Scheme Procedure: option names required-arg? optional-arg? processor

Return an object that specifies a single kind of program option.

names is a list of command-line option names, and should consist of characters for traditional getopt short options and strings for getopt_long-style long options.

required-arg? and optional-arg? are mutually exclusive; one or both must be #f. If required-arg?, the option must be followed by an argument on the command line, such as ‘--opt=value’ for long options, or an error will be signalled. If optional-arg?, an argument will be taken if available.

processor is a procedure that takes at least 3 arguments, called when args-fold encounters the option: the containing option object, the name used on the command line, and the argument given for the option (or #f if none). The rest of the arguments are args-fold “seeds”, and the processor should return seeds as well.

— Scheme Procedure: option-names opt
— Scheme Procedure: option-required-arg? opt
— Scheme Procedure: option-optional-arg? opt
— Scheme Procedure: option-processor opt

Return the specified field of opt, an option object, as described above for option.

— Scheme Procedure: args-fold args options unrecognized-option-proc operand-proc seeds ...

Process args, a list of program arguments such as that returned by (cdr (program-arguments)), in order against options, a list of option objects as described above. All functions called take the “seeds”, or the last multiple-values as multiple arguments, starting with seeds, and must return the new seeds. Return the final seeds.

Call unrecognized-option-proc, which is like an option object's processor, for any options not found in options.

Call operand-proc with any items on the command line that are not named options. This includes arguments after ‘--’. It is called with the argument in question, as well as the seeds.