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8.13 Changing the Class of an Instance

When a class is redefined, any existing instance of the redefined class will be modified for the new class definition before the next time that any of the instance’s slots is referenced or set. GOOPS modifies each instance by calling the generic function change-class.

More generally, you can change the class of an existing instance at any time by invoking the generic function change-class with two arguments: the instance and the new class.

The default method for change-class decides how to implement the change of class by looking at the slot definitions for the instance’s existing class and for the new class. If the new class has slots with the same name as slots in the existing class, the values for those slots are preserved. Slots that are present only in the existing class are discarded. Slots that are present only in the new class are initialized using the corresponding slot definition’s init function (see slot-init-function).

generic: change-class instance new-class
method: change-class (obj <object>) (new <class>)

Modify instance obj to make it an instance of class new.

The value of each of obj’s slots is preserved only if a similarly named slot exists in new; any other slot values are discarded.

The slots in new that do not correspond to any of obj’s pre-existing slots are initialized according to new’s slot definitions’ init functions.

The default change-class method also invokes another generic function, update-instance-for-different-class, as the last thing that it does before returning. The applied update-instance-for-different-class method can make any further adjustments to new-instance that are required to complete or modify the change of class. The return value from the applied method is ignored.

generic: update-instance-for-different-class old-instance new-instance

A generic function that can be customized to put finishing touches to an instance whose class has just been changed. The default update-instance-for-different-class method does nothing.

Customized change of class behaviour can be implemented by defining change-class methods that are specialized either by the class of the instances to be modified or by the metaclass of the new class.

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