4.3.1 The Top of a Script File
The first line of a Guile script must tell the operating system to use
Guile to evaluate the script, and then tell Guile how to go about doing
that. Here is the simplest case:
- The first two characters of the file must be ‘#!’.
The operating system interprets this to mean that the rest of the line
is the name of an executable that can interpret the script. Guile,
however, interprets these characters as the beginning of a multi-line
comment, terminated by the characters ‘!#’ on a line by themselves.
(This is an extension to the syntax described in R5RS, added to support
- Immediately after those two characters must come the full pathname to
the Guile interpreter. On most systems, this would be
- Then must come a space, followed by a command-line argument to pass to
Guile; this should be ‘-s’. This switch tells Guile to run a
script, instead of soliciting the user for input from the terminal.
There are more elaborate things one can do here; see The Meta Switch.
- Follow this with a newline.
- The second line of the script should contain only the characters
‘!#’ — just like the top of the file, but reversed. The
operating system never reads this far, but Guile treats this as the end
of the comment begun on the first line by the ‘#!’ characters.
- If this source code file is not ASCII or ISO-8859-1 encoded, a coding
declaration such as
coding: utf-8 should appear in a comment
somewhere in the first five lines of the file: see Character Encoding of Source Files.
- The rest of the file should be a Scheme program.
Guile reads the program, evaluating expressions in the order that they
appear. Upon reaching the end of the file, Guile exits.