Next: , Up: Structures   [Contents][Index] Vtables

A vtable is a structure type, specifying its layout, and other information. A vtable is actually itself a structure, but there’s no need to worry about that initially (see Vtable Contents.)

Scheme Procedure: make-vtable fields [print]

Create a new vtable.

fields is a string describing the fields in the structures to be created. Each field is represented by two characters, a type letter and a permissions letter, for example "pw". The types are as follows.

The second letter for each field is a permission code,

Here are some examples.

(make-vtable "pw")      ;; one writable field
(make-vtable "prpw")    ;; one read-only and one writable
(make-vtable "pwuwuw")  ;; one scheme and two unboxed

The optional print argument is a function called by display and write (etc) to give a printed representation of a structure created from this vtable. It’s called (print struct port) and should look at struct and write to port. The default print merely gives a form like ‘#<struct ADDR:ADDR>’ with a pair of machine addresses.

The following print function for example shows the two fields of its structure.

(make-vtable "prpw"
             (lambda (struct port)
               (format port "#<~a and ~a>"
                       (struct-ref struct 0)
                       (struct-ref struct 1))))

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