IRC, freenode, #hurd, 2011-07-26

< antrik> Tekk_`: regarding microkernels: the basic idea, and really the
  *only* fundamental difference, is that they isolate things in separate
  address spaces. everything else goes back to this.
< antrik> benefits from the isolation generally fall into two groups: more
  robustness (main focus of Minix3), and more flexibility (main focus of
< antrik> while it might also encourage some other good design choices,
  these are secondary effects: such choices can also be implemented in a
  monolithic architecture -- and not necessarily harder. just less obvious
  in some cases...

IRC, freenode, #hurd, 2013-08-28

<Spyro> ok question
<Spyro> what is the big advantage of microkernels over monolithic kernels
  as you guys see it?
<Spyro> is it entirely for the benefit of developers or are there actaully
  practical advantages?
<kilobug> Spyro: there are many advantages, at least in theory, in terms of
  modularity, flexibility, stability, scalability, security, ... which are
  for everyone
<braunr> Spyro: of course some advantages are practical
<braunr> for me, the main advantage is system extensibility
<braunr> you can replace system services at runtime
<braunr> and on the hurd, you can do it as an unprivileged user
<braunr> (the direct side effect is far increased security)
<braunr> kilobug: i don't see the scalability advantages though
<kilobug> braunr: I would say it goes in par with the modularity, like, you
  can have a full-weight IPv4/IPv6 stack for desktop, but a minimal stack
  for embeded
<braunr> i see
<braunr> for me, it's in par with extensibility :)
<braunr> i see modularity only as an implementation of extensibility
<braunr> or a special case of it
<braunr> Spyro: basically, it's supposed to bring the same advantages as
  fuse, but even more so (because it's not limited to file systems), and
  better (because it's normally well integrated with the core of the
<teythoon> also, fuse is kind of bolted on and Linux composes really badly
<teythoon> e.g. it is not possible to nfs export a fuse mounted filesystem
  on Linux
<braunr> bolted ?
<teythoon> isn't that the term? as in being attached using screws?
<braunr> i'm not familiar with it :p
<azeem> "a posteriori design"
<teythoon> yes
<braunr> ok