When a stream is closed with
fclose, the connection between the
stream and the file is canceled. After you have closed a stream, you
cannot perform any additional operations on it.
Preliminary: | MT-Safe | AS-Unsafe heap lock | AC-Unsafe lock mem fd | See POSIX Safety Concepts.
This function causes stream to be closed and the connection to
the corresponding file to be broken. Any buffered output is written
and any buffered input is discarded. The
fclose function returns
a value of
0 if the file was closed successfully, and
if an error was detected.
It is important to check for errors when you call
fclose to close
an output stream, because real, everyday errors can be detected at this
time. For example, when
fclose writes the remaining buffered
output, it might get an error because the disk is full. Even if you
know the buffer is empty, errors can still occur when closing a file if
you are using NFS.
fclose is declared in stdio.h.
To close all streams currently available the GNU C Library provides another function.
Preliminary: | MT-Unsafe race:streams | AS-Unsafe | AC-Safe | See POSIX Safety Concepts.
This function causes all open streams of the process to be closed and
the connection to corresponding files to be broken. All buffered data
is written and any buffered input is discarded. The
function returns a value of
0 if all the files were closed
EOF if an error was detected.
This function should be used only in special situations, e.g., when an error occurred and the program must be aborted. Normally each single stream should be closed separately so that problems with individual streams can be identified. It is also problematic since the standard streams (see Standard Streams) will also be closed.
fcloseall is declared in stdio.h.
main function to your program returns, or if you call the
exit function (see Normal Termination), all open streams are
automatically closed properly. If your program terminates in any other
manner, such as by calling the
abort function (see Aborting a Program) or from a fatal signal (see Signal Handling), open streams
might not be closed properly. Buffered output might not be flushed and
files may be incomplete. For more information on buffering of streams,
see Stream Buffering.