punycode

punycode

Synopsis

#define             IDNAPI
enum                Punycode_status;
int                 punycode_decode                     (size_t input_length,
                                                         const char input[],
                                                         size_t *output_length,
                                                         punycode_uint output[],
                                                         unsigned char case_flags[]);
int                 punycode_encode                     (size_t input_length,
                                                         const punycode_uint input[],
                                                         const unsigned char case_flags[],
                                                         size_t *output_length,
                                                         char output[]);
const char *        punycode_strerror                   (Punycode_status rc);
typedef             punycode_uint;

Description

Details

IDNAPI

#define             IDNAPI


enum Punycode_status

typedef enum {
    PUNYCODE_SUCCESS = punycode_success,
    PUNYCODE_BAD_INPUT = punycode_bad_input,
    PUNYCODE_BIG_OUTPUT = punycode_big_output,
    PUNYCODE_OVERFLOW = punycode_overflow
} Punycode_status;

Enumerated return codes of punycode_encode() and punycode_decode(). The value 0 is guaranteed to always correspond to success.

PUNYCODE_SUCCESS

Successful operation. This value is guaranteed to always be zero, the remaining ones are only guaranteed to hold non-zero values, for logical comparison purposes.

PUNYCODE_BAD_INPUT

Input is invalid.

PUNYCODE_BIG_OUTPUT

Output would exceed the space provided.

PUNYCODE_OVERFLOW

Input needs wider integers to process.

punycode_decode ()

int                 punycode_decode                     (size_t input_length,
                                                         const char input[],
                                                         size_t *output_length,
                                                         punycode_uint output[],
                                                         unsigned char case_flags[]);

Converts Punycode to a sequence of code points (presumed to be Unicode code points).

input_length :

The number of ASCII code points in the input array.

input :

An array of ASCII code points (0..7F).

output_length :

The caller passes in the maximum number of code points that it can receive into the output array (which is also the maximum number of flags that it can receive into the case_flags array, if case_flags is not a NULL pointer). On successful return it will contain the number of code points actually output (which is also the number of flags actually output, if case_flags is not a null pointer). The decoder will never need to output more code points than the number of ASCII code points in the input, because of the way the encoding is defined. The number of code points output cannot exceed the maximum possible value of a punycode_uint, even if the supplied output_length is greater than that.

output :

An array of code points like the input argument of punycode_encode() (see above).

case_flags :

A NULL pointer (if the flags are not needed by the caller) or an array of boolean values parallel to the output array. Nonzero (true, flagged) suggests that the corresponding Unicode character be forced to uppercase by the caller (if possible), and zero (false, unflagged) suggests that it be forced to lowercase (if possible). ASCII code points (0..7F) are output already in the proper case, but their flags will be set appropriately so that applying the flags would be harmless.

Returns :

The return value can be any of the Punycode_status values defined above. If not PUNYCODE_SUCCESS, then output_length, output, and case_flags might contain garbage.

punycode_encode ()

int                 punycode_encode                     (size_t input_length,
                                                         const punycode_uint input[],
                                                         const unsigned char case_flags[],
                                                         size_t *output_length,
                                                         char output[]);

Converts a sequence of code points (presumed to be Unicode code points) to Punycode.

input_length :

The number of code points in the input array and the number of flags in the case_flags array.

input :

An array of code points. They are presumed to be Unicode code points, but that is not strictly REQUIRED. The array contains code points, not code units. UTF-16 uses code units D800 through DFFF to refer to code points 10000..10FFFF. The code points D800..DFFF do not occur in any valid Unicode string. The code points that can occur in Unicode strings (0..D7FF and E000..10FFFF) are also called Unicode scalar values.

case_flags :

A NULL pointer or an array of boolean values parallel to the input array. Nonzero (true, flagged) suggests that the corresponding Unicode character be forced to uppercase after being decoded (if possible), and zero (false, unflagged) suggests that it be forced to lowercase (if possible). ASCII code points (0..7F) are encoded literally, except that ASCII letters are forced to uppercase or lowercase according to the corresponding case flags. If case_flags is a NULL pointer then ASCII letters are left as they are, and other code points are treated as unflagged.

output_length :

The caller passes in the maximum number of ASCII code points that it can receive. On successful return it will contain the number of ASCII code points actually output.

output :

An array of ASCII code points. It is *not* null-terminated; it will contain zeros if and only if the input contains zeros. (Of course the caller can leave room for a terminator and add one if needed.)

Returns :

The return value can be any of the Punycode_status values defined above except PUNYCODE_BAD_INPUT. If not PUNYCODE_SUCCESS, then output_size and output might contain garbage.

punycode_strerror ()

const char *        punycode_strerror                   (Punycode_status rc);

Convert a return code integer to a text string. This string can be used to output a diagnostic message to the user.

PUNYCODE_SUCCESS: Successful operation. This value is guaranteed to always be zero, the remaining ones are only guaranteed to hold non-zero values, for logical comparison purposes. PUNYCODE_BAD_INPUT: Input is invalid. PUNYCODE_BIG_OUTPUT: Output would exceed the space provided. PUNYCODE_OVERFLOW: Input needs wider integers to process.

rc :

an Punycode_status return code.

Returns :

Returns a pointer to a statically allocated string containing a description of the error with the return code rc.

punycode_uint

  typedef uint32_t punycode_uint;

Unicode code point data type, this is always a 32 bit unsigned integer.