It makes little sense to talk about using libtool in your own packages until you have seen how it makes your life simpler. The examples in this chapter introduce the main features of libtool by comparing the standard library building procedure to libtool’s operation on two different platforms:
An Ultrix 4.2 platform with only static libraries.
A NetBSD/i386 1.2 platform with shared libraries.
You can follow these examples on your own platform, using the preconfigured libtool script that was installed with libtool (see Configuring).
Source files for the following examples are taken from the demo subdirectory of the libtool distribution. Assume that we are building a library, libhello, out of the files foo.c and hello.c.
Note that the foo.c source file uses the
cos math library
function, which is usually found in the standalone math library, and not
the C library (see Trigonometric Functions in The GNU C Library Reference Manual). So, we need to add -lm to
the end of the link line whenever we link foo.lo into an
executable or a library (see Inter-library dependencies).
The same rule applies whenever you use functions that don’t appear in the standard C library… you need to add the appropriate -lname flag to the end of the link line when you link against those objects.
After we have built that library, we want to create a program by linking main.o against libhello.
|• Creating object files||Compiling object files for libraries.|
|• Linking libraries||Creating libraries from object files.|
|• Linking executables||Linking object files against libtool libraries.|
|• Debugging executables||Running GDB on libtool-generated programs.|
|• Installing libraries||Making libraries available to users.|
|• Installing executables||Making programs available to users.|
|• Static libraries||When shared libraries are not wanted.|