An instance is a compound data structure much like a record, except that it is defined by a class rather than a record type descriptor. Instances are more powerful than records, because their representation is designed to support inheritance, while the representation of records is not.
Creates and returns a procedure that, when called, will create and return a newly allocated instance of class.
Class must be a subclass of
must be a list of symbols, each of which must be the name of a slot in
class. N-init-args will be described below.
In its basic operation,
instance-constructor works much like
record-constructor: the slot-names argument specifies how
many arguments the returned constructor accepts, and each of those
arguments is stored in the corresponding slot of the returned instance.
Any slots that are not specified in slot-names are given their
initial values, as specified by the
initializer slot properties; otherwise they are left
After the new instance is created and its slots filled in, but before it
is returned, it is passed to the generic procedure
nothing, but because it is always called, the programmer can add methods
to it to specify an initialization that is to be performed on every
instance of the class.
initialize-instance is called with one argument, the
newly created instance. However, the optional argument
n-init-args can be used to specify additional arguments that will
be passed to
The way this works is that the returned constructor procedure accepts
additional arguments after the specified number of slot values, and
passes these extra arguments to
n-init-args is not supplied or is
#t, any number of extra
arguments are accepted and passed along. When n-init-args is an
exact non-negative integer, exactly that number of extra arguments must
be supplied when the constructor is called. Finally, if
n-init-args is the symbol
no-initialize-instance, then the
constructor accepts no extra arguments and does not call
initialize-instance at all; this is desirable when
initialize-instance is not needed, because it makes the
constructor significantly faster.
For notational convenience, n-init-args may take two other forms.
First, it may be a list of symbols, which is equivalent to the integer
that is the length of the list. Second, it may be the symbol
no-init, which is an abbreviation for
Note that the default method on
initialize-instance accepts no
extra arguments and does nothing.
(define-class <simple-reference> (<reference>) (from accessor reference-from) (to accessor reference-to) (cx accessor reference-cx) (cy accessor reference-cy))
(define make-simple-reference (instance-constructor <simple-reference> '(from to cx cy) 'no-init))
(define-class <simple-wirenet> (<wirenet>) (cell accessor wirenet-cell) (wires accessor wirenet-wires modifier set-wirenet-wires! initial-value '()))
(define make-simple-wirenet (instance-constructor <simple-wirenet> '(cell)))
#t if object is an instance, otherwise returns
Returns the class of instance. This is faster than
object-class, but it works only for instances, and not for other
#t if object is a general instance of
specializer, otherwise returns
#f. This is equivalent to
(subclass? (object-class object) specializer)
Returns a predicate procedure for specializer. The returned
procedure accepts one argument and returns
#t if the argument is
an instance of specializer and