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2.3 Memory Usage

Some of the parameters that can be customized determine how much memory Scheme uses and how that memory is used. This section describes how Scheme's memory is organized and used; subsequent sections describe command-line options and environment variables that you can use to customize this usage for your needs.

Scheme uses four kinds of memory:

All kinds of memory except the last may be controlled either by command-line options or by environment variables.

MIT/GNU Scheme uses a two-space copying garbage collector for reclaiming storage in the heap. The second space, used only during garbage collection, is dynamically allocated as needed.

Once the storage is allocated for the constant space and the heap, Scheme will dynamically adjust the proportion of the total that is used for constant space; the stack and extra microcode storage is not included in this adjustment. Previous versions of MIT/GNU Scheme needed to be told the amount of constant space that was required when loading bands with the --band option. Dynamic adjustment of the heap and constant space avoids this problem.

If the size of the constant space is not specified, it is automatically set to the correct size for the band being loaded; it is rarely necessary to explicitly set the size of the constant space. Additionally, each band requires a small amount of heap space; this amount is added to any specified heap size, so that the specified heap size is the amount of free space available.

The Scheme expression `(print-gc-statistics)' shows how much heap and constant space is available (see Garbage Collection).