We will use as an example the installation for GNU/Linux. The installation for other unix systems is similar. There are several references to ARCH below; these refer to the computer architecture that Scheme is compiled for, either `i386' or `x86-64'.
MIT/GNU Scheme is distributed as a compressed `tar' file. The tar file contains both source and binary files; the binary files are pre-compiled Scheme code for a particular computer architecture.
In order to install the software, it's necessary to configure and compile the C code, then to install the combined C and Scheme binaries. This is done in the following steps:
tar xzf mit-scheme-VERSION-i386.tar.gz
will create a new directory mit-scheme-VERSION.
By default, the software will be installed in /usr/local, in the subdirectories bin and lib. If you want it installed somewhere else, for example /opt/mit-scheme, pass the --prefix option to the configure script, as in ./configure --prefix=/opt/mit-scheme.
The configure script accepts all the normal arguments for such scripts, and additionally accepts some that are specific to MIT/GNU Scheme. To see all the possible arguments and their meanings, run the command ./configure --help.
Depending on configuration options and file-system permissions, you may need super-user privileges to do the installation step.
After you have installed Scheme, you can install a few
dynamically loadable options. These are configured, built and
installed in the customary way. To install the
(cd gdbm && ./configure && make && make install) (cd mhash && ./configure && make && make install)
make install command will attempt to create a subdirectory
in the first directory on the host Scheme's library path. If that
directory is not writable by you, super-user privileges may be
You can put a writable directory at the front of your host Scheme's
library path by setting the
export MITSCHEME_LIBRARY_PATH=\ ~/mit-scheme-plugins:/usr/local/lib/mit-scheme-x86-64
or including the
--library option on the command line.
mit-scheme --library ~/mit-scheme-plugins:/usr/local/lib/mit-scheme-svm
A few of the included options wrap popular Unix libraries. To compile and link them you often need “developers' packages” installed first. The following table lists the included options and an example developers' package name (and shared library name). The package names can vary quite a bit among Unix distributions; the library names less so. Please see the README file in each option's subdirectory for more information.
After installing the software and any options, you can delete the unpacked directory:
cd ../.. rm -rf mit-scheme-VERSION