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7.3 Selecting List Components

standard procedure: list? object
SRFI 1 procedure: proper-list? object

Returns #t if object is a proper list, otherwise returns #f. By definition, all proper lists have finite length and are terminated by the empty list. If object is a circular list, returns #f.

Any object satisfying this predicate will also satisfy exactly one of pair? or null?.

(list? (list 'a 'b 'c))                 ⇒ #t
(list? (cons* 'a 'b 'c))                error→
(list? (circular-list 'a 'b 'c))        ⇒ #f
SRFI 1 procedure: circular-list? object

Returns #t if object is a circular list, otherwise returns #f.

(circular-list? (list 'a 'b 'c))        ⇒ #f
(circular-list? (cons* 'a 'b 'c))       ⇒ #f
(circular-list? (circular-list 'a 'b 'c)) ⇒ #t
SRFI 1 procedure: dotted-list? object

Returns #t if object is an improper list, otherwise returns #f.

(dotted-list? (list 'a 'b 'c))          ⇒ #f
(dotted-list? (cons* 'a 'b 'c))         ⇒ #t
(dotted-list? (circular-list 'a 'b 'c)) ⇒ #f
standard procedure: length list

Returns the length of list. Signals an error if list isn’t a proper list.

(length (list 'a 'b 'c))                ⇒ 3
(length (cons* 'a 'b 'c))               error→
(length (circular-list 'a 'b 'c))       error→
SRFI 1 procedure: length+ clist

Clist must be a proper, dotted, or circular list. If clist is a circular list, returns #f, otherwise returns the number of pairs comprising the list (which is the same as the length for a proper list).

(length+ (list 'a 'b 'c))               ⇒ 3
(length+ (cons* 'a 'b 'c))              ⇒ 2
(length+ (circular-list 'a 'b 'c))      ⇒ #f
standard procedure: null? object

Returns #t if object is the empty list; otherwise returns #f.

(null? '())                             ⇒ #t
(null? (list 'a 'b 'c))                 ⇒ #f
(null? (cons* 'a 'b 'c))                ⇒ #f
(null? (circular-list 'a 'b 'c))        ⇒ #f
SRFI 1 procedure: null-list? list

List is a proper or circular list. This procedure returns #t if the argument is the empty list (), and #f if the argument is a pair. It is an error to pass this procedure any other value. This procedure is recommended as the termination condition for list-processing procedures that are not defined on dotted lists.

standard procedure: list-ref list k

Returns the kth element of list, using zero-origin indexing. The valid indexes of a list are the exact non-negative integers less than the length of the list. The first element of a list has index 0, the second has index 1, and so on.

(list-ref '(a b c d) 2)                 ⇒ c
(list-ref '(a b c d)
          (exact (round 1.8)))
     ⇒ c

(list-ref list k) is equivalent to (car (drop list k)).

SRFI 1 procedure: first list
SRFI 1 procedure: second list
SRFI 1 procedure: third list
SRFI 1 procedure: fourth list
SRFI 1 procedure: fifth list
SRFI 1 procedure: sixth list
SRFI 1 procedure: seventh list
SRFI 1 procedure: eighth list
SRFI 1 procedure: ninth list
SRFI 1 procedure: tenth list

Returns the specified element of list. It is an error if list is not long enough to contain the specified element (for example, if the argument to seventh is a list that contains only six elements).

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