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10.7.1 Weak Pairs

The car of a weak pair holds its pointer weakly, while the cdr holds its pointer strongly. If the object in the car of a weak pair is not held strongly by any other data structure, it will be garbage-collected, and the original value replaced with a unique reclaimed object.

Note: weak pairs can be defeated by cross references among their slots. Consider a weak pair P holding an object A in its car and an object D in its cdr. P points to A weakly and to D strongly. If D holds A strongly, however, then P ends up holding A strongly after all. If avoiding this is worth a heavier-weight structure, See Ephemerons.

Note: weak pairs are not pairs; that is, they do not satisfy the predicate pair?.

procedure: weak-pair? object

Returns #t if object is a weak pair; otherwise returns #f.

procedure: weak-cons car cdr

Allocates and returns a new weak pair, with components car and cdr. The car component is held weakly.

procedure: gc-reclaimed-object? object

Returns #t if object is the reclaimed object, and #f otherwise.

procedure: gc-reclaimed-object

Returns the reclaimed object.

obsolete procedure: weak-pair/car? weak-pair

This predicate returns #f if the car of weak-pair has been garbage-collected; otherwise returns #t. In other words, it is true if weak-pair has a valid car component.

This is equivalent to

(not (gc-reclaimed-object? (weak-car weak-pair)))

This predicate has been deprecated; instead use gc-reclaimed-object?. Please note that the previously recommended way to use weak-pair/car? will no longer work, so any code using it should be rewritten.

procedure: weak-car weak-pair

Returns the car component of weak-pair. If the car component has been garbage-collected, this operation returns the reclaimed object.

procedure: weak-set-car! weak-pair object

Sets the car component of weak-pair to object and returns an unspecified result.

procedure: weak-cdr weak-pair

Returns the cdr component of weak-pair.

procedure: weak-set-cdr! weak-pair object

Sets the cdr component of weak-pair to object and returns an unspecified result.


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