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14.2.19 File Positioning

Three functions are available for setting and determining the position of the file pointer for a given file.

Built-in Function: ftell (fid)

Return the position of the file pointer as the number of characters from the beginning of the file fid.

See also: fseek, feof, fopen.

Built-in Function: fseek (fid, offset)
Built-in Function: fseek (fid, offset, origin)
Built-in Function: status = fseek (…)

Set the file pointer to any location within the file fid.

The pointer is positioned offset characters from the origin, which may be one of the predefined variables SEEK_CUR (current position), SEEK_SET (beginning), or SEEK_END (end of file) or strings "cof", "bof" or "eof". If origin is omitted, SEEK_SET is assumed. offset may be positive, negative, or zero but not all combinations of origin and offset can be realized.

Return 0 on success and -1 on error.

See also: fskipl, frewind, ftell, fopen.

Built-in Function: SEEK_SET ()
Built-in Function: SEEK_CUR ()
Built-in Function: SEEK_END ()

Return the numerical value to pass to fseek to perform one of the following actions:

SEEK_SET

Position file relative to the beginning.

SEEK_CUR

Position file relative to the current position.

SEEK_END

Position file relative to the end.

See also: fseek.

Built-in Function: frewind (fid)

Move the file pointer to the beginning of the file fid, returning 0 for success, and -1 if an error was encountered. It is equivalent to fseek (fid, 0, SEEK_SET).

See also: fseek, ftell, fopen.

The following example stores the current file position in the variable marker, moves the pointer to the beginning of the file, reads four characters, and then returns to the original position.

marker = ftell (myfile);
frewind (myfile);
fourch = fgets (myfile, 4);
fseek (myfile, marker, SEEK_SET);

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