Vectorization is a programming technique that uses vector operations instead of element-by-element loop-based operations. Besides frequently producing more succinct Octave code, vectorization also allows for better optimization in the subsequent implementation. The optimizations may occur either in Octave's own Fortran, C, or C++ internal implementation, or even at a lower level depending on the compiler and external numerical libraries used to build Octave. The ultimate goal is to make use of your hardware's vector instructions if possible or to perform other optimizations in software.
Vectorization is not a concept unique to Octave, but it is particularly important because Octave is a matrix-oriented language. Vectorized Octave code will see a dramatic speed up (10X–100X) in most cases.
This chapter discusses vectorization and other techniques for writing faster code.