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7 Mathematical Expressions

Expressions share a common syntax each place they appear in pspp commands. Expressions are made up of operands, which can be numbers, strings, or variable names, separated by operators. There are five types of operators: grouping, arithmetic, logical, relational, and functions.

Every operator takes one or more operands as input and yields exactly one result as output. Depending on the operator, operands accept strings or numbers as operands. With few exceptions, operands may be full-fledged expressions in themselves.