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16.16 INSERT

          INSERT [FILE=]'file_name'
             [CD={NO,YES}]
             [ERROR={CONTINUE,STOP}]
             [SYNTAX={BATCH,INTERACTIVE}]
             [ENCODING={LOCALE, 'charset_name'}].

INSERT is similar to INCLUDE (see INCLUDE) but somewhat more flexible. It causes the command processor to read a file as if it were embedded in the current command file.

If CD=YES is specified, then before including the file, the current directory will be changed to the directory of the included file. The default setting is ‘CD=NO’. Note that this directory will remain current until it is changed explicitly (with the CD command, or a subsequent INSERT command with the ‘CD=YES’ option). It will not revert to its original setting even after the included file is finished processing.

If ERROR=STOP is specified, errors encountered in the inserted file will cause processing to immediately cease. Otherwise processing will continue at the next command. The default setting is ERROR=CONTINUE.

If SYNTAX=INTERACTIVE is specified then the syntax contained in the included file must conform to interactive syntax conventions. See Syntax Variants. The default setting is SYNTAX=BATCH.

ENCODING optionally specifies the character set used by the included file. Its argument, which is not case-sensitive, must be in one of the following forms:

LOCALE
The encoding used by the system locale, or as overridden by the SET command (see SET). On GNU/Linux and other Unix-like systems, environment variables, e.g. LANG or LC_ALL, determine the system locale.
charset_name
One of the character set names listed by IANA at http://www.iana.org/assignments/character-sets. Some examples are ASCII (United States), ISO-8859-1 (western Europe), EUC-JP (Japan), and windows-1252 (Windows). Not all systems support all character sets.
Auto,encoding
Automatically detects whether a syntax file is encoded in an Unicode encoding such as UTF-8, UTF-16, or UTF-32. If it is not, then pspp generally assumes that the file is encoded in encoding (an IANA character set name). However, if encoding is UTF-8, and the syntax file is not valid UTF-8, pspp instead assumes that the file is encoded in windows-1252.

For best results, encoding should be an ASCII-compatible encoding (the most common locale encodings are all ASCII-compatible), because encodings that are not ASCII compatible cannot be automatically distinguished from UTF-8.

Auto
Auto,Locale
Automatic detection, as above, with the default encoding taken from the system locale or the setting on SET LOCALE.

When ENCODING is not specified, the default is taken from the --syntax-encoding command option, if it was specified, and otherwise it is Auto.