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The `--compare' (`-d'), or `--diff' operation compares
specified archive members against files with the same names, and then
reports differences in file size, mode, owner, modification date and
contents. You should only specify archive member names, not file
names. If you do not name any members, then
tar will compare the
entire archive. If a file is represented in the archive but does not
exist in the file system,
tar reports a difference.
You have to specify the record size of the archive when modifying an archive with a non-default record size.
tar ignores files in the file system that do not have
corresponding members in the archive.
The following example compares the archive members `rock',
`blues' and `funk' in the archive `bluesrock.tar' with
files of the same name in the file system. (Note that there is no file,
tar will report an error message.)
$ tar --compare --file=bluesrock.tar rock blues funk rock blues tar: funk not found in archive
The spirit behind the `--compare' (`--diff', `-d') option is to check whether the archive represents the current state of files on disk, more than validating the integrity of the archive media. For this latter goal, see Verifying Data as It is Stored.
This document was generated on May, 16 2016 using texi2html 1.76.