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The `units`

program is especially helpful in ensuring accuracy
and dimensional consistency when converting lengthy unit expressions.
For example, one form of the Darcy–Weisbach fluid-flow equation is

Delta P = (8/pi^2) rho f L (Q^2 / d^5)

where *\Delta P* is the pressure drop, *\rho* is the mass density,
*f* is the (dimensionless) friction factor, *L* is the length
of the pipe, *Q* is the volumetric flow rate, and *d*
is the pipe diameter.
It might be desired to have the equation in the form

Delta P = A1 rho f L (Q^2 / d^5)

that accepted the user’s normal units; for typical units used in the US, the required conversion could be something like

You have: (8/pi^2)(lbm/ft^3)ft(ft^3/s)^2(1/in^5) You want: psi * 43.533969 / 0.022970568

The parentheses allow individual terms in the expression to be entered naturally,
as they might be read from the formula. Alternatively, the
multiplication could be done with the ‘`*`’ rather than a space;
then parentheses are needed only around ‘`ft^3/s`’ because of its
exponent:

You have: 8/pi^2 * lbm/ft^3 * ft * (ft^3/s)^2 /in^5 You want: psi * 43.533969 / 0.022970568

Without parentheses, and using spaces for multiplication, the previous conversion would need to be entered as

You have: 8 lb ft ft^3 ft^3 / pi^2 ft^3 s^2 in^5 You want: psi * 43.533969 / 0.022970568